The Autumn of the Patriarch


Title: Autonomous Autumn

Author: Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Translator: Assadollah Amrayi

Publisher: Third

Subject: Colombian literature

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 300 p

Language: Farsi

Categories: ,


The Autumn of the Patriarch is one of the famous works of the prominent Colombian author Gabriel Garcia Marquez, which took almost 7 years to write. This amazing novel, like other works by Marquez, follows the method of magical realism.

The Autumn of the Patriarch audiobook is about an old general who has about 5,000 illegitimate children. He lives alone and in solitude in a dilapidated palace in that filth and animal waste. He still rules a small country with the same cruelty, oppression and crime.

The old general is also an innovator for his own atrocities and crimes and perversions. At parties and ceremonies, no one even dares to breathe in his presence. In addition to the people and those around him, even his first-degree relatives have not been spared from his cruelty and crime.
A dictator whose father is not known and who is madly in love with his mother, and after his death he is ridiculously elevated to the status of a saint among the people, and in his troubles his mother is called as if they are calling on God.

The dictator at the beginning of his rule is a beloved, holy and respected person who is directly present among his people. Little by little, a lot of power and authoritarianism come together, and eventually he is given full power, and the contact with reality is completely cut off, and he begins to be alone.

His dictatorial temperament makes him commit a crime. The dictator’s autumn begins when there is a coup against him and he does not see the people with him. He also has imitations, which in some cases are imitations that are present in some places.

Critics consider the authoritarian fall to be Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s best work and more than a hundred years of solitude. According to Max Paul Fouche, “Despite the characters and the tropical density of events and images, the reader is immersed in it, and the story is stronger and more admirable than the reader can free himself from it.”

“Man imagines a kind of Amazon river flood that reminds animals and birds of green trees.” Autumn is an authoritarian novel written eight years after Marquez’s original masterpiece, One Hundred Years Alone. This novel, like a hundred years alone, is written in the style of magical realism. Some consider this novel to be Marquez’s best work.

Marquez himself says of this work: “Literally my most important book is The Autonomous Autumn.” “This work, which I always wanted to write, saved me from anonymity and I worked for more than seven years to create it.”

Marquez also says of the dictator’s loneliness: “The more one gains power, the more difficult it becomes to determine who is with him and who is with him. When he reaches full power, his contact with reality is completely cut off, and this is the worst kind of loneliness.

A dictator, a very authoritarian person, is surrounded by interests and people whose goal is to completely separate him from the facts. Everything goes hand in hand to complete his loneliness.

The form and structure of the writing of this brilliant Marquez work, which constantly changes the point of view and the narrator, requires a silent performance for the characters that meets the author’s goal so that the conscious and punctual audience can discover the rhythm and theme of the work. On the other hand, in the performance, a tone in harmony with the frankness and violence of the novel theme has been chosen.

In an excerpt from the autobiographical autumn book, we hear:

The dictator’s mother is dead, the body was taken to the least known corners of the country so that no one would be deprived of the privilege of honoring his memory.

It was taken to train stations on high plains with special ribbons waving black ribbons, where it was greeted with the same sad music and the same sad crowd that came on other glorious days to hide with the ruler in the semi-dark. Meet the presidential carriage.

The body was displayed in the convent of the benevolent sisters, in which a hard-working displaced birdwatcher gave birth to a fatherless son who became king …

As the makeup was removed and the paraffin was melted in the heat and the skin was wrinkled, the body was rebuilt in secret sessions. During the rainy season, mold was removed from his eyelids. Mrs. Army’s tailors kept her funeral clothes in order;

It looks like it was covered only yesterday. They kept a wreath of orange flowers in a pleasant state, as well as a wedding lace mask that he had never worn in his life: “Let no one forget who will rule over the sand dunes along the forest, even in the most desolate settlements, until the end of time.”

The ice melted. The salt melted and the corpse was inflated, floating in a soup of sawdust. He had not yet laughed. “On the contrary, General.
Because at that time we saw that he opened his eyes and we saw the pupils of his eyes that were shiny and had the January color of January and their usual shape like moonlit stones, and even the most incredible among us, had seen that the coffin glass was covered with steam. His breath became dull and we saw signs of life and fragrant sweat coming from the pores of his body … We saw the deaf and dumb bewildered by their own cries: Miracle, miracle, they are confused. “They broke the glass of the coffin, Mr. General, they almost tore the body to pieces and took it for blessing …”

Convinced of this evidence, he came out of his aura of mourning. Pale, stubborn, and came out with a black armband. He decided to be inspired by all the sources of his power in order to achieve holiness for his mother, as a saint, based on numerous evidences of his status ….

Biography of Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel José García Márquez Colombian writer and journalist Gabriel José García Márquez was born on March 6, 1927, in the village of Arkataka. He spent his childhood in poor families and lived with his grandparents; His grandfather was involved in the Colombian Civil War at the time.

He has been interested in literature and writing since those years, but studied law at Bogota University. He pursued his interest in writing journalism and worked in the press at the time. He published his short stories in the newspapers of the time and became known as one of the most prominent writers in South America by creating unique and outstanding novels.

He never pursued a parallel parallel education, but because of his honors in the world of writing, he received an honorary degree in writing from universities such as Columbia University and New York. In addition to writing extraordinary stories, Marquez was a community activist with a liberal spirit. He was an advocate of the Cuban government and was not allowed to enter the United States for many years.

Garcia Marquez pursued a career as a journalist from the 1940s and began writing short stories under the influence of the American novelist William Faulkner. He published his stories under the letters Gabo or Gabito and followed the literary style of realism or magical realism.

The great author has lived in Mexico City since 1960 and was diagnosed with lymph node cancer and Alzheimer’s disease in the last years of his life; He died on April 17, 2014 at the age of 87. The death of this great figure was very sad; His name and works are immortalized in the valuable treasure of South American literature.
“A thousand years of loneliness and grief for the greatest Colombians who have ever lived,” said Colombian politician and president Juan Manuel Santos after Garcia Marquez’s death.

Highlights of Garcia Marquez
Gabriel José Garcاa M مارrquez is the author of twentieth-century masterpieces whose stories have been translated into more than thirty languages. He is one of the real bestsellers in the field of fantasy events, and his books are still on the best-seller list after a few years.

In his stories, he connects the imagination and the unreal world with reality and narrates the events of a turbulent land. Marquez is an acclaimed author, having won the Newstat International Prize for Literature from the University of Oklahoma, known as the American Nobel.

“One Hundred Years of Solitude” is the author’s most famous work, which is one of the best-selling books in the world and has sold more than 30 million copies worldwide.

This story has been translated into Persian by various translators such as “Avina Tarnam”, “Bahman Farzaneh”, “Azadeh Poursadami”, “Zohreh Roshanfekr” and “Ismail Ghahremanipour”. The audio version of this book has also been published with the voice of “Mahdi Pakdel”.
“One Hundred Years of Solitude” was published in Spanish in 1967 and sold 8,000 copies in its first week. Garcia Marquez spent about two years creating the work, for which he won the 1982 Nobel Prize.

This book is a narrative of Latin American literature, politics, and history, the events of which are told in the biographies of six generations of a family. The style of this novel is magical realism and it depicts concepts such as love and lust, war and revolution, wealth and poverty, youth and old age, and life and death. The prose of this book is hard and has the complexity and difficulty of the text.

Colombian writer and journalist Gabriel Garcia Marquez

“Love in the Time of Cholera” is another work of this famous author, which has also been translated into Persian under the title “Love of the Cholera Years”. This work was published in 1985 and tells the story of a sad love story.

In this work, the author portrays love as a cholera disease, and its story takes place between 1880 and 1930. In this story, Garcia Marquez considers the presence of love as a disease for six seasons and expresses the love and affection of the three characters “Fermina Datha”, “Florentino Aritha” and “Dr. Juonal Orbino”.

Alfred Knauf translated the work into English three years after its publication as Love in the Time of Cholera. Bahman Farzaneh is one of the translators who has translated this work into Persian; He translated the book based on the Italian version and adapted it to the Spanish and English versions.
Based on this story, English director Mike Newell released a romantic movie in 2007. The film took more than three years to make; Because Garcia Marquez was not initially interested in making films based on his stories.

Ominous Hour is another book by the author that won the Columbia Literary Prize in 1961 for its creator. This book is less complex than other works by Garcia Marquez and tells the story of a city.

“Patriarchal Autumn” is one of the author’s other works that Marquez spent about fifteen years writing. The book was published in 1975 and tells the story of a dictatorial regime in South America.

“No one writes a letter to the colonel”, “From love and other demons”. “Seventeen Poisoned English”, “The Story of a Drowning Man” and “Autocratic Autumn” are other books by this author that have been translated into Persian. In addition to writing long stories, this author also had a special skill in writing short stories.

“The Best Short Stories of Gabriel Garcia Marquez”, “Dead Birds”, “A Day Like Other Days” and “A Woman Who Arrives Every Day at 6am” are among the short stories of this author that have been translated into Persian.

“I Am Alive to Narrate” is one of the non-fiction works of this author and is the biography and autobiography of Garcia Marquez.

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