To Have and Have Not


Title: To have and not to have

Author: Ernest Hemingway

Translator: Fereydoun Rezvanieh

Publisher: Ekbatan

Subject: American stories

Age category: Adult

Number of pages: 232

Language: Farsi



Introducing the book To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway

The novel Having or Not Having, by Ernest Hemingway, was published in 1937. To have or not to tell the story of a fishing boat captain named Harry Morgan in Florida. The novel portrays Harry as an inherently good character who has been forced to enter the black market and move smuggled goods between Cuba and Florida due to difficult economic conditions beyond his control.

One of Harry’s wealthy clients does not pay him for a three-week fishing trip and puts him in a very bad situation.

After this incident, Harry decides to smuggle Chinese immigrants from Cuba to Florida to support his family. And then through transports various types of illegal cargo [from alcohol to the Cuban revolutionaries] between the two countries.

To have or not to have, with very tangible and real details and stories, and having one of the most delicate and shocking human connections in Hemingway’s works, introduces itself as one of the best literary works of all times.

Having or not having a book is one of the most different works of Ernest Hemingway.

This famous novel has an exciting story about a captain named Harry Morgan who smuggles goods and people for a living.

The novel To Have and Have Not has three different parts and depicts its story with different narratives; The difference between the three is so great that you feel Hemingway wrote each one at a different time.

Summary of the story of having or not having a book:

This book is written in three sections entitled Spring, Autumn and Winter, also همچنین  Harry Morgan is the main character in the story who spends his life renting his boat to tourists. One of the tourists damages Harry’s boat and does not pay for it, and this problem causes Harry to have a very difficult financial crisis, because before this incident, he could not afford to pay for his wife and two daughters.

Financial pressure and poverty put Harry down, forcing him to break his own rules and resort to human and alcohol trafficking. Harry begins to move people who are in political trouble.

In the rest of the book, Ernest Hemingway narrates the ups and downs of Harry’s life and the adventures of him and others.

About the book:

Poverty and class discrimination are among the recurring issues addressed in world literature. Many people in different countries have faced poverty and many writers have mentioned this issue. Ernest Hemingway is one of those realist writers who describes the lives of people who have struggled to maintain their human values ​​in the midst of horrific events. In the book ahead, Harry Morgan represents a group of people who, despite the frameworks and rules of their lives, are inevitably pushed to the other side and forced to violate their values.

Adapted from the book:

Popular and popular books usually make their way to the cinema, and having or not having a book is no exception to this rule, and countless adaptations have been made from this book; One of the most famous is the work of Howard Hawks. The screenplay was written by William Faulkner and Jules Fortman, although this adaptation is not entirely faithful to the original work and can be considered a free interpretation of having or not having a book, starring Humphrey Bogart and Laurent Bacall.

Nasser Taghvaei, a well-known director and stylist, also made a film called Captain of the Sun in 1986, which was a free interpretation of Hemingway’s book.

Excerpts from this book:

– Live and poetic, with a tremendous emotional impact Simon & Schuster).)
Hemingway’s ability to write conversations has never been so prominent. (Times Literary Supplement)
– glorious. (Bookrags)

In part of this book we read:

Frankie threw the rope into the boat. I waved my hand, crossed the boat through the lane, and headed down the gorge. An English cargo ship with a rusty hull was leaving the port when I passed it. It was raining to the point of sugar. An English sailor in old blue clothes was watching me from behind the ship. I left the port of Morrow and headed north towards Quest. I let go of the rudder and went to the front of the boat. Gathering the rope, I returned to the helm and steered the boat in its path. Havana was flat behind, disappearing from my sight as the mountains were found.

After a while, Morrow and the Hotel Nacional disappeared from my sight, and then the dome of the Capitol was visible.

On that day, the water flow was not like the day we were fishing and there was a gentle breeze. I saw several yachts sailing west from Havana I realized that the water flow is gentle.
I turned off the engine and started the boat; I did not have to waste gas. Always, as soon as it got dark, I would mark the light of Morrow, and if the distance of the boat was long, I would choose the light of Kojimar, and in the same direction, I would go towards Bakuranao. I realized by a cursory glance that I had to go twelve miles to Bakurano by dusk, and that was when the light of Baracova was visible.

I turned off the boat and went to check around. There were only two boats heading west, and I saw the Capitol Dome whitewashing the seafront. The algae floated on the water, and a few small birds flew around. I sat on a hill and looked at that view for a while. Brown fish fluttered around the algae. Dear brother! If you heard that there is a lot of water between Havana and Keyost, I was right on the edge.

Having or Not Having a Novel is  the story of a captain named Harry Morgan who rents his ship. In one of these leases, a customer named Johnson refuses to pay the boat fare after destroying Harry’s fishing gear and runs away, and so on.

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Additional information


Ernest Hemingway



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