Gileh Mard is another of Alavi’s great works. Gileh Mard is one of the collections of stories in this book, which has been published for the seventh time by Negah Publications.
Gileh Mard is one of the fighters of Gilan. He is a village man from whom the Khan of the county has taken countless taxes and books. During the tax protest and in the absence of the man’s grievances, the woman kills him and her infant child is left alone. Some time later, Gileh Mard is arrested.
He and two officers in the forest and in the rain whip walk towards Fooman. The story gradually unfolds in the same movement and stay in the coffee shop near the destination. The man’s complaint is about escaping …
In a part of the text of this book, you read:
The second officer was moving in front of them. It was more than three steps away from them. He was also thinking of his own misery. He was brought from Khash. Gilan came from nowhere without knowing it. Rice did not make him in this province. He always had diarrhea, he was cold. The rain and humidity had made him unconscious. It froze at night with two blankets. In the first days, he gathered as few men as he could from the ridges.
It could easily have been named after him. “These are pieces of furniture that the gilded men looted from the landlords’ houses before the government forces entered.” But the misfortune was that there was nothing in the ridges. There was not a single piece of glass on all these plates with which he could shave his beard, let alone the mirror. The Baloch agent had tasted this life. They had been robbed repeatedly of their lives.
There, in their province, khans at once, like moths and locusts, fled into the countryside, killing everything they had, from cattle and sheep to chickens and eggs. They did not have mercy on children and old women. Once hot, once or twice when the people became ten poor, they would send Kadkhoda to the neighboring khan and ask for his help, and in this way a village would be captured by the khan. This was the story Baloch had heard from his father. He himself had never been a farmer.
He has always been a gunman for as long as he can remember and has always been Khan’s mercenary. But as a child, he had tasted looting and homelessness. The Baloch officer panicked when he thought he had now become a government official himself, because he knew better than anyone how many police officers and soldiers he had killed during his tenure. “As big as my hair,” he said. There was no life for him other than a gun.
Modern Iranian fiction was formed from the beginning of the contemporary century. Familiarity of Iranian writers with European literature caused literary works in Iran to take on a new color and smell. Detailed illustrations and descriptions were added to the writings of Iranian writers, and the use of street and bazaar literature in literary works became common. The writings of this period are full of multi-layered stories, most of which are about protesting against injustice and discrimination in society and government conditions. The literature of this period is often realistic, and its study leaves a bitter taste in the reader’s palate.
Bozorg Alavi is one of the pioneers of modern fiction in Iran who influenced many writers in the future. Gileh Mard’s story by this author is one of the most prominent works of Persian literature that any reader interested in literature should read.
About the book Gileh Mard; Symbolic narrative of Iran
Gileh Mard’s book is a collection of stories written by Alavi and has 9 stories and begins with “Letters”. The following stories are called “Gileh Mard”, “Ajara Khoone”, “Dezashib”, “Yeh Rahonchka”, “Yek Zhanbakht”, “Scandal”, “Khayen” and “Five Minutes After Twelve”.
The most prominent and famous work in this collection is the story of Gile Mard. Part of Gileh Mard’s story is introduced in the second year of high school literature to introduce modern storytelling in Iran.
Gila, the great Alawite man, is a realistic story that is at the same time very symbolic. The three main characters of Alavi’s great story each represent a class of Iranian society at that time. Gileh Mard represents the oppressed people who have taken the path of struggle. “Mohammad Vali Vakil Bashi” is the first agent, the symbol of the government, and the second agent, the “Baluch man”, is the symbol of a group of oppressed people who see the solution to this oppression in the oppression of others.
Nashr-e Negah first published the book Gileh Mard in 1997 in 204 pages in Iran, and Novin Ketab Goya Publishing House is the publisher of the audio book Gileh Mard. You can download the audio version of Gileh Mard from this page.
Synopsis of the story of Gileh Mard
Gileh Mard is a short excerpt from the story of a rural man. A peasant rebel who has risen up against oppression. Gileh’s husband was killed by government agents. The story is told somewhere in the forests of Gilan, where two government officials take Gileh to a checkpoint in Fooman.
The first agent, “Mohammadoli”, is a vicious man, and he constantly sneers and annoys the man. But the second people walk in silence. The silence that has troubled the man.
Part of the story goes through Gile Mard’s mind. He thinks of revenge on his wife Soghra and his children; The six-month-old baby, who was left in a coma and now complained of death, did not know what would happen to him. He is trying to find a way to escape.
Along with Gileh Mard, the silent Baloch man is also thinking about his own life. He was forcibly sent to Gilan and has stayed away from his wife and children. The weather and food in Gilan do not make him happy and he is dissatisfied with his condition and is looking for a way to escape from this condition.
The group of three spend the night in a coffee shop on the way. In this place, a conversation takes place between “Baloch man” and “Gileh man”, which determines the course of the story …
Great Alavi; Fighting author
Seyed Mojtaba Agha Bozorg Alavi is a great contemporary writer and one of the pioneers of modern Iranian fiction. He was born in 1282 in Tehran, Chalehomidan neighborhood. His father was an intellectual and constitutionalist and represented the first term of the National Assembly of Iran. Alavi went to Germany with his brother to study at the age of 16. Alavi graduated from the University of Munich, Germany, a year after his father died, and returned to Iran. In Iran, he taught in Tehran and Shiraz.
It was during these years that he became acquainted with “Sadegh Hedayat” and gradually became very close friends with him. They formed the Quartet. “Farzad Massoud” and “Mojtaba Minavi” were other members of this group.
It was in 1316 that Bozorg Alavi was imprisoned along with 52 other people for his political activities. “53 people” and “prison sheets” are the result of this great Alawite life.
From the great Alavi, lasting works have been left in Iranian fiction. His eyes are the most famous great Alawite novel and his masterpiece. The great Alavi in writing this book is inspired by the life of “Kamal al-Molk”, a great and famous Iranian painter. He also wrote The Suitcase under the influence of Freud’s psychoanalysis. “Mirza”, “Salarias”, “Termites” and “Narration” are other great Alawite stories. The novel “Narration” was published in Iran in 1977, two years after the author’s death.
The great Alawite found communist leanings after World War II and was influential in the formation of the Tudeh Party. Bozorg Alavi was released from prison in 1320 and was engaged in cultural and writing activities in Iran until 1332. 1332 went to Europe and stayed there until the Islamic Revolution. He was a professor at Humboldt University in Germany at the time. The publication of Alavi’s great works was banned in Iran until 1957.
He returned to Iran after the revolution and lived in Iran for a short time, then returned to Germany and remained there for the rest of his life. The great Alavi died in 1996 in “Berlin”.
Review of Gile Mard
Jamal Mirsadeghi has criticized Gileh Mard in his book “Fiction Literature”. Mirsadeghi’s critique states: The story is told in a third-person manner and from the perspective of two characters, namely Gileh Mard and Mard Baluch. “The writer or narrator uses the perspective of these two characters to describe and expand the situations and situations of the story.”
He continues: “In order to develop and advance the story, the author jumps from the perspective of Gileh Mard to the perspective of the Baloch man and returns. “He looks at the story from two different and completely opposite perspectives, and also informs the reader about this duality of thought and the nature of the characters in the story.”
Another notable critique of the story of Gileh Mard is the critique of Ahmad Ezatiparvar, a prominent teacher of literature. The critique states: “In fact, Gileh Mard and Baluch are symbols of two ideas: revolution and insurgency. Both are right and right in recognizing the oppressor. The difference is in adopting different methods. For one, the goal is so precious that it should not be achieved by any means. For another it is important to achieve the goal; The method of arrival does not matter. “They are the same military victims, but they react in two ways.”
In a part of Gile Mard’s book, we read:
The sound coming from the forest was like a small moan, just as a bullet from the top of Kadkhoda’s hut hit me in the torso.
Soghra put the child on the ground and howled…
“Do not you want to run away?”
“No,” he replied involuntarily, but folded his arms and legs. He decided not to talk to them. Because he had heard that one should not talk too much with the officer. They draw conclusions for themselves from every word that comes out of a person’s mouth. One must be silent in interrogation. Why answer unconsciously. The police wanted to know if he was asleep or awake and found out from his answer that he would not answer.
“Look what I’m saying!” The Baloch cold and cold voice was lost in the wind. The storm roared, but terror reigned in the room of silence. Gilemard had taken his breath away.
“do not be afraid!”
Gile was afraid of the man. Because the sound under the Baloch coming out of his lips and beard frightens him.
“I was a bandit like you.”
The Baloch were silenced. Harry’s heart pounded, as if they smelled. “I was a bandit like you,” the non-Muslim lies, wanting to talk to him.
The horror of the blackout ravaged the Baloch police. He spoke more slowly: “This morning while I was inspecting the cruise ship …”
In the darkness, there was a hissing sound, as if he had touched a bunch of tobacco leaves hanging from the ceiling.
“Do not move, I will!” The Baloch voice was decisive and threatening. Gilemard saw in the dark that the police had gone to him.
A villager sat down and pricked up his ears to hear exactly the words coming out of the mouth of the police, despite the roar of floods and rain and wind. Baloch whispered.
“Did you find a pistol in the middle of a bunch of rice?” You know who owns the pistol. I did not report. Because it might have been a pity. “I have brought it with me to hand over to the commander myself. You know that the execution is over.”
silence. It is as if there is no more storm and the old trees do not howl and the sound under the Baloch breaks all these screams and the roar and the roaring and the falling.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat