Introduction of Babak Khorramdin’s book by Saeed Nafisi
Babak Khorramdin is the main leader of the Iranian “Khorramdin” movement, whose religion was to live happily and whose goal was to overthrow the Abbasid caliph. Babak Irani started an uprising in Azerbaijan, but
This movement also spread to western and central Iran and lasted for more than 20 years.
The present book is written by “Saeed Nafisi”, an Iranian translator, writer and scientist, who fully and comprehensively explains about this hero of Azerbaijan.
This book contains information about the Iranian movements, the biography of Babak Khorramuddin, his movement, the beginning and end of the work of the Khorramudins, his land, a detailed description of Babak’s wars with the Abbasid caliphs and his captivity and assassination, and finally the Khorramudins, in which all Arabic and Persian texts are related. Introduced to Babak and Khorramdinan and European research.
Abstract from the text:
… When Mu’tasim’s eyes fell on Babak, he said: سDo dogs, why did you incite sedition in the world? He did not answer. He said to cut off his hands and feet. When they cut off one hand, Babak bled the other
And he rubbed it on his face, and blushed all over his face. Motasem said: O dog! What is this science? He said: It is the wisdom. You want to cut off both my hands and feet … because the blood runs out of him, it turns yellow; I reddened my face with my own blood so that when the blood came out of my body, they would not say that his face turned yellow with fear.
In a part of Babak Khorram’s book, the hero of Azerbaijan, we read:
Some historians have mistaken the word Khorramdin and Khorramudini and Khorramudinians and have considered it only the name of Babak’s followers, but it is clear that Khorramudini is a common name for followers of the new religion that appeared in Iran in the second century and may be the remnants of Mazdakians in Sassanid times. Islamic periods have been called that since the time of the Sassanids have lived secretly in remote areas of Iran and in the mountains of central and western and northwestern Iran, and at this time have revealed their religion, and perhaps have modified the Mazdak method and hence the name They have just chosen and named this new religion Khorramudin, and it seems that this combination of “Khorramdin” was an imitation of the combination of “religion” which was said about the religion of Zoroaster, but some have said that the term Khorramdin is because all tastes are permissible. And it is well known that this is one of the slanders and slanders leveled against them by the opposition.
In some documents, the Khorramids are considered esoteric and esoteric, just as the Ismailis are considered esoteric. The word esoteric, as its meaning implies, has apparently been a general term for all sects who have hidden their teachings and have not publicly preached them out of fear of malice, and this is a term used by opponents of such sects. Some other historians have considered the Khorramids as “Abahiyya” and this is a slanderous word used by the opposition and because they believed that they considered everything permissible, they called them “Abahiyya” or in Persian “Abahitians”.
الع Ibn al-‘Abri writes in al-Mukhtasar al-Dawl that the number of Babak’s followers was twenty thousand except the infantry, and that his followers did not find any Muslim women, men, young people or children unless they tore and killed them and the number of those who were killed by them. It reached two hundred and fifty-five thousand. “In the holy history, he is quoted as saying that he was killed a thousand times a thousand (one million) Muslims.”
The beginning of the work of Khorramdinans
The end of Khorramdinan
The boy of the town
Land of Khorramdins
Babak and his land
The beginning of Babak wars
Wars of 212
Wars of the Year 214
Wars of 217 and 218
Wars of the Year 219
Wars of the year 220
Motasem Time Wars
Babak and Afshin wars
Wars of 221
Wars of the Year 222
Finally Babak in Azerbaijan
Cause Babak was captured and killed
Saeed Nafisi (born 18 June 1274 in Tehran – died 23 November 1345 in Tehran) was a linguist, researcher of Persian literature, historian, writer, translator and poet. He was one of the first generation of professors in the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Literature of the University of Tehran. He was the son of Mirza Ali Akbar Nazimataba (known as Nazimataba Kermani) and a descendant of Hakim Nafis bin Awad Kermani (a famous Iranian physician in the ninth century AH) and the brother of Ali Asghar Nafisi nicknamed Modab al-Dawlah. Habib Nafisi is his nephew.
He completed his three-year primary education at Sharaf School, one of the first new schools established by his father, and completed his secondary education at the seminary, the only high school in Tehran, in the spring of 1288. He was fifteen years old when his older brother Akbar Modab Nafisi took him to study in Europe. Nafisi studied in Neuchاتtel, Switzerland and the University of Paris
And returned to Iran in 1297. He first taught French in high schools in Tehran and then worked in the Ministry of Public Works of Iran. In 1297, he joined the group of writers of the magazine of the faculty and in one year of his activity, this magazine collaborated with the Queen of Poets Bahar.
In 1308, Khurshidi joined the Ministry of Culture and in addition to teaching French in high schools, he taught in political science schools, Dar al-Fonun, the Higher School of Commerce and the Industrial School. In the following years, he taught in the faculties of law and literature and became a member of the Iranian Academy.
From the beginning of the foundation of the University of Tehran, he was elected a professor at the Faculty of Law and after that, a professor at the Faculty of Literature. Nafisi was a regular fellow at the Academy and taught at Kabul and other universities such as Delhi, Calcutta, Cairo and Beirut.
He is one of the founders of the academic school of prose; One of the features of this prose is the simplicity of phrases in word and meaning, so that the author tries to express his thoughts so simply that his phrases stay away from any complexity and while avoiding literary elements, use grammatical strength.
Professor of Literature, University of Tehran, Professor of Law, University of Tehran, Professor of Post-Islamic History, University of Tehran, Professor of Iranian History Resources at the Institute of Historical Studies and Research, Professor of History of Iranian Literature at Cairo University, Founder of Persian Literature Branch, Aligarh University, India
Permanent member of the Iranian Academy of Sciences in the UN Committee on Geographical Unions. Member of the Presidium of the 25th Congress of Orientalists in Moscow. Recruitment of the Ministry is better than the High School of Commerce
Editor-in-Chief of the State Magazine “Falahat and Tejarat” Editor of the Literary Magazine Parto Sardam Editor-in-Chief of the Omid Magazine “Ahd Enqelab” (in collaboration with Mirza Aga Khan Freer) in 1302 Director of Shargh Magazine (in 1303)
His awards include:
First Class Medal of Their Scholars Acknowledgment of the First Degree Royal Award of the Court of Iran 1338 (for translating Balzac’s vanished dreams) Medal of the Donor Legion of France (for years of research and endeavor on French language and literature and authorship of the first French to Persian dictionary) (For the book Christianity in Iran) Membership of the French Academy of Sciences and the Palmes Acdemiques Badge of the Afghan Badge Award for Best Book of the Year.
Saeed Nafisi suffers from asthma and spent the last years of his life in Paris. He died in Tehran on November 13, 1965, when he came to Tehran to attend the first congress of Iranologists. He was buried in Tehran, next to his father’s grave, in a tomb called the tomb of Sarqabar Agha (below the Rumi crossroads).
2- Introducing the book in Aparat