Introducing the book Three Drops of Blood by Sadegh Hedayat
Three Drops of Blood is a collection of eleven short stories published in 1961. The first story in this book is called Three Drops of Blood and is the most well-known story in this series.
Introducing the book Three Drops of Blood by Sadegh Hedayat
The foundations of modern Persian literature were formed in Iran in the last hundred years. Familiarity of Iranian writers with languages such as French, English and Ottoman Turkish, as well as the study of modern works of world literature caused a change in Iranian literature. Sadegh Hedayat is considered by many critics and experts as one of the pioneers of modernism in Iranian literature. Three Drops of Blood is a collection of stories by this author that, like Hedayat himself, has influenced the atmosphere of Persian fiction.
Three drops of blood and ten other stories
Three Drops of Blood is a collection of eleven short stories published in 1961. The first story in this book is called Three Drops of Blood and is the most well-known story in this series. The other stories in this series are “Whirlpool”, “Dash Akel”, “Broken Mirror”, “Asking for Forgiveness”, “Tulip”, “Faces”, “Fork”, “The Man Who Killed His Face”, “Mahal” and “Gastashtej” Have a name. Among these stories, “Dash Akel” has become the subject of a film of the same name, by Masoud Kimiaei.
In all the stories of this series, the interiors of the characters have been considered. The atmosphere of guidance stories is generally a sad atmosphere that does not have much color of hope. Love plays a big role in this story series. Hedayat has even considered love between animals. In this series of stories, the main characters are trapped between their inner contradictions and are somehow involved in the battle between good and evil.
Sadegh Hedayat writing style in three drops of blood
The most important story of this collection is three drops of blood; It is a surreal story. A story that has received a lot of attention among the works of Sadegh Hedayat. Critics believe that this symbolic story perfectly reflects the style and perspective of guidance in fiction. Many researchers and critics have tried to decipher the story of the three drops of blood. Three drops of blood are also psychologically important. The narrator’s mental turmoil, his nightmares, and the suspense in the story highlight the psychological aspects of the story. The atmosphere of the story is filled with three drops of blood, a torment of conscience that ends in a state of distress.
The narrator tells the story of three drops of blood from inside a hospital. Believing that he has no place among the insane and that he has been mistakenly kept in a nursing home, he begins his story by defining the conditions of a day when, after a year in the nursing home, he is finally separated from his room and given a pen and paper. The result, however, is disappointing. He who has been searching for pen and paper for so long, finds that he has nothing to write about.
The other main character is a boy named Siavash, who is a close friend of the narrator. Siavash has a beautiful cat for which Hedayat has given many human characteristics. The story that happens to the cat, the relationship between Siavash and the narrator and the adventures that take place after it form the story of three drops of blood.
Three drops of blood and the legend of the right chicken
The “right hen” is a species of owl that is slightly larger than a pigeon. This bird comes out of its nest at night and makes a sound during the night that is heard as “right … right”.
There are some interesting folklore about chicken. One of the most pervasive beliefs mentioned in Sadegh Hedayat’s story is that the chicken was right in the beginning of a human being. Then he ate three grains of orphan property, which did not go down his throat. So the right hen sits on a branch every night and speaks the right truth until three drops of blood drip from his throat. In his story, Hedayat considers these three drops of blood not the blood of the throat of a real chicken but the blood of a cat that Siavash’s character killed with a gun.
About Sadegh Hedayat; Leading in modern Persian literature
Sadegh Hedayat is an Iranian writer, translator and intellectual who lived between 1281 and 1330 AH. He is one of the first writers of modern literature in Iran.
Sadegh Hedayat was born in a rich and famous family and lived a comfortable and peaceful life as a child. He studied at the Academy of Arts and the St. Louis School, which was established for French Catholics in Iran. In 1305, Hedayat went to Belgium with the first group of Iranian students who were sent to Europe, where he studied mathematics. It was not until the end of 1305 that Hose transferred the guidance of his life to Paris. He loved the guidance of Paris and considered it the cradle of Western intellectuals.
It was two years later that he diverted himself to the Marne River in France. The suicide had no consequences. No one really understood the reason for his suicide at that time. Sadegh Hedayat returned to Iran in 1309 and worked at Bank Melli. It is clear that Hedayat was not interested in this job either. He has been writing and translating all these years.
The number of surviving works of Hedayat reflects his prolific years of writing and translating. Hedayat’s first book, Khayyam’s Quartets, which is a correction of Khayyam’s poems with a detailed introduction, was published in 1302. Hedayat’s most important novels are “Blind Owl”, “Isfahan, Half of the World”, “Stray Dog”, “Haji Agha”, “Zande Behgoor” and “Parvin Dokhtarsan”. He was also fluent in French and Pahlavi and translated many books from these languages into Persian.
Although Sadegh Hedayat writes his stories in simple language, his writings are often multi-layered, and to understand what the author means, one must read his books with a deep eye. Hedayat is very interested in using symbols, and behind every simple word he says there is an often painful hint that only a concerned reader will find.
Another notable effect of Hedayat is the “benefits of vegetarianism”. Sadegh Hedayat was a vegetarian from a young age and believed that if man wanted to achieve peace and end world war, he must first stop killing animals. An interest in animals can be seen in many works of guidance. In his books, he always had a great understanding of animals and paid attention to their suffering.
Sadegh Hedayat returned to Paris in December 1931 and committed suicide by leaving the gas valve in his apartment a few months later in April 1961. He is buried in the Paris Cemetery in Paris.
Khosrow Sinaei, an Iranian director in 2005, directed a documentary called “Dialogue with the Shadow” about Sadegh’s life and activities.
Publication of Hedayat’s works in Iran
The publication of Sadegh Hedayat’s works in Iran has always been accompanied by margins. Guidance books have critical themes. In most of his writings, sometimes directly and sometimes symbolically, he has attacked the conditions of society and has caused sensitivities about the publication of his books. However, Hedayat’s works have been reprinted many times in Iran. Amir Kabir, Jame Duran and Negah publications have published many of Sadegh Hedayat’s works with or without correction.
In recent years, Sadegh Hedayat’s designs have also been published in a collection called “The Lone Deer” compiled by Jahangir Hedayat, Sadegh Hedayat’s nephew. Nazar Publications has sent this work to the Iranian book market.
Part of the story of “Laleh” from the book Three Drops of Blood
Four years ago, on a cold night from those colds that scratched a human face with its iron claw, God heard a strange sound as soon as the lamp died and he went to bed. Intermittent moans that were not known to be animal voices or human voices. The sound kept coming until he was beaten in the hut. Khodadad, who was not afraid of giants or wolves, got up, sat down and felt a drop of cold sweat slip on the darkness behind him.
Whenever he asked what you were and what you were doing, no one answered, and when you fell asleep, they knocked again. With a trembling hand he turned on the lamp, picked up a large knife that had been hung on the wall to break wood and a cross, and opened the door once. He was even more surprised when he saw a young gypsy girl in a red dress with a frozen tail on her cheeks and trembling. Khodadad threw the knife in the corner of the room. He took the girl’s hand and led her into the room. The tail of the fire warmed him and then he made a bed for her with his old clothes.
Whatever he asked her the next morning was in vain. It was as if the child had sworn not to say anything about himself. On this occasion, Khodadad named him Lal or Laloo and he gradually became Laleh. What was strange was that now was not the winter season of the gypsies, and God did not know where this girl had come from between earth and sky. He went out of the shed and followed in the footsteps of the child. But his footprints were lost on the damp leaves. He asked the millers of Cheshmeh Ala, and he answered in the negative. Finally he decided to keep the child to find his owner …
2- Introducing the book in Aparat