Introducing the book The Spinoza Problem by Ervin Yalom
The Spinoza Problem was first published in 2012. This book is one of the most recent works by American psychiatrist Erwin Yalom. In this book, he tells two stories in parallel. The first is the story of Spionza, a seventeenth-century philosopher who was expelled from Jewish society; The second tells the story of Alfred Rosenberg, an active ideologue of the Nazi Party.
Introduction to the book The Spy Problem
Among the items looted by the Nazi Party during World War II was a collection of books at the Rinsburg Museum in the Netherlands. Although the collection apparently contained only a handful of soiled and useless books, the Nazi command ordered them to be collected for one reason only, because they were a good guide to solving the espionage problem.
About sixty years after World War II, a psychotherapist named Erwin Yalom explores the problem of espionage in a book.
Who is Spyunza?
Baruch Spionza is a seventeenth-century Dutch philosopher whose name has unfortunately been forgotten throughout history due to the ban on the publication of his works. Spyunza was a Jewish philosopher who sought to change the image of God for Jews and Christians. In Ethics, his most famous work in Latin, he tries to change the image of God, who is a man of war and bloodshed and judgment. In the book Ethics, Spyunza introduces God as everything and says that nature and the galaxy are nothing but God.
Spyunza was exiled from the Netherlands because of his beliefs that he never opposed the existence of God but believed that people portrayed him as wrong, and that his works were banned from publication.
“I believe that the writings of Espiona, like Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, whose life and philosophy were the basis of my two previous novels, are very much related to my field of psychiatry and psychotherapy,” Erwin Yalom writes in the book’s Problem. He explains in the book’s introduction that he traveled to the Espionza Museum in the Netherlands to write a book on the espionage problem, a museum that he hoped would inspire his book about the seventeenth-century philosopher. Yalom’s experiences from the Espionza Museum are very interesting;
During his visit to the museum, Yalom accesses Espionza’s personal library and touches the same books that one day his beloved philosopher Espionza read and sees a portrait of him, but it is not long before Yalom is informed that Espionza will die after his death. His assets are being auctioned off, and the books in the museum are in fact just specimens of Espionza’s books, and he has never touched them;
Yalom is later told that Espionza’s portrait is not his real face, but an image drawn by an artist from three lines written by someone else about Espiona. In this way, Yalom is almost disappointed to be inspired by the Espionza Museum … but the course of events that follows leads Erwin Yalom to write a book on the espionage problem.
Erwin Yalom; The greatest living psychoanalyst
Irvin D. Yalom Writer, psychiatrist, and professor of psychiatry at Stanford University was born on June 13, 1931 in the United States. He is known as the psychotherapist of existentialism and has published important fiction and non-fiction books in the field of psychology.
Yalom graduated in 1956 with a degree in medicine from Boston University and then in 1960 with a degree in psychiatry from New York University. Three years later he became a professor at Stanford University, where he defined and founded existential psychology.
The Yalom family immigrated to the United States from Russia fifteen years before Yalom was born. Due to family poverty, Yalom had a difficult childhood. “The only way I could relax as a child was to visit our small local library,” he says in How I Became Erwin Yalom. One day I decided to go to the only shelf in the library, which was arranged alphabetically. I read from the first book by John Adams to the last book on the shelf by Zoroaster. “It was somewhere in my childhood that I realized that writing a novel is the best thing a person can do.”
Ervin Yalom critiques the traditional approach to psychotherapy. He was right about the “humanistic treatment” approach that Karl Rogers was one of the most influential figures in creating. This method challenged the therapist’s complete and excessive mastery of the patient, and found it more effective to treat with empathy and in the form of shared dialogue. Yalom sees the cause of human suffering in anxieties that are human existential fears. He categorizes these anxieties into four categories; The meaning of life, freedom, isolation and death.
Among the important books published by Ervin Yalom are “Group Psychotherapy”, “Mom and the Meaning of Life”, “Lying on the Sofa”, “One Day Creature Man”, “One Step Closer Every Day”, “One Day Creatures”, He mentioned “The Gift of Psychotherapy,” “I Became Who I Am,” “Mortal Creatures,” “The Art of Healing,” “Existential Psychotherapy,” and “Schopenhauer Healing,” and the issue of Spinoza.
Yalom’s most famous work is When Nietzsche Wept. The book is based on the fictional story of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, the Austrian neuroscientist Sigmund Freud, and the Viennese physician Josef Brewer, ontological and self-knowledge issues. A meeting that did not really happen.
Who was influenced by Yalom?
Apart from the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza, Erwin Yalom was influenced by Arthur Schopenhauer, a great German philosopher who did important intellectual work in the fields of ethics, art, modern psychology, and contemporary literature. Otto Rank, the Austrian writer and psychoanalyst who was one of Freud’s closest collaborators, was another philosopher whose teachings influenced Yalom.
The issue of espionage in Persian
Although Ervin Yalom’s prose is a bit complex and specialized, his books have still been translated into more than ten languages. Sepideh Habib, Kamelia Najafi, Nargesh Khozan, Mahshid Yasai, Mehrnoosh Shahriari and Bahareh Nobahar are among the translators who have translated Yalom’s works into Persian. Drop Publishing can be considered as a specialized publisher of Yalom’s works. The publishing house has published nine books by Yalom so far.
The book The Spy Problem has been published in Iran with several different translations. “Hossein Kazemi Yazdi”, “Zahra Hosseinian” and “Bahareh Nobahar” are the three translators who have translated this book into Persian.
“Bahareh Nobahar” is a young and capable translator born in 1981. So far, he has translated six books into Persian by the world’s great authors such as Anton Chekhov and Ervin Yalom. “Sister” by Louis Jensen, “Kiss” by Antoine Chekhov, and two books, “Lying on the Sofa” and The Spy Case by Ervin Yalom, are some of the books “Spring and Spring”
In a part of the book, we read about the espionage problem
“My father was burned at the stake a year ago. For what crime? They found pages of the Torah buried in the ground behind the house. My uncle, Jacob’s father, was killed shortly afterwards. I have a question. Imagine a world where a boy smells his father’s burnt body. Where is the god who created such a world? Why did he give permission for such things? “Are you blaming me for asking these things?” Franco looked deeply into Espionza’s eyes for a moment, then continued, “Surely the man who has been forgiven – Bento in Portuguese and Baruch in Hebrew – will not refuse to speak to me?”
Spyunza shakes her head in earnest. “I’m talking to you, Franco. “How about tomorrow noon?”
“In the synagogue?” Franco asks.
“No, come here.” “Come to the shop, come here.”
“My younger brother Gabriel will represent the Espionage family in the synagogue.”
While ignoring Franco’s rolling up his sleeves, Jacob emphasizes: “But it is said in the Holy Torah that it is God’s will that we should not work on the Sabbath and worship him on this holy day.”
Spyunza turns around and says softly, as a teacher speaks to her young student, “Jacob, tell me, do you believe in God Almighty?”
Jacob shakes his head.
“So surely an agreement is, by definition, a perfect essence, unwanted and longing. “Is not that so?”
Jacob thinks, hesitates, and shakes his head cautiously in approval. Spyunza notices the role of a smile on Franco’s lips.
Introducing the book The Spinoza Problem
Spinoza’s book by Ervin d. Yalom is an American psychologist and philosopher who, in his collection of books, examines the thinking of the great philosophers of history. In this book, he also goes to the famous Jewish philosopher Spinoza. Spinoza’s book has been translated by Hossein Kazemi Yazdi.
About the Spinoza Problem Book
The Spinoza Problem by Erwin d. Yalom is a fascinating, compelling and mesmerizing account of the life of this famous philosopher. In addition, Alfred Rosenberg is one of the leaders of the Nazi party who gives a harsh and anti-Semitic speech in the high school elections. He believes that the only superior race is the Aryan race. At a meeting with the principal and his teacher, it is decided that Alfred will read Goethe’s biography as punishment. It is there that he realizes that Goethe, whom he strongly praises, owes his peace of mind to Spinoza, the Jewish Spinoza. How is it possible that someone like Goethe praises a Jew so much and accepts his thoughts? What made Spinoza praise a “superior race” who was a Jew? The contemporary narrative of Spinoza’s life and Rosenberg’s racist thoughts and ideas is the storyline of Spinoza’s book.
Who do we recommend reading Spinoza’s audiobook?
This book is suitable for those interested in philosophy and psychology, as well as for those who want to explore the roots of racism and Nazi German thought.
About Erwin David Yalom, author of The Spinoza Problem
Erwin David Yalom is an American existentialist psychiatrist. He was born in 1931 in Washington. Erwin Yalom studied medicine and then psychiatry and later became a professor at Stanford University. During his time as a professor at this university, he established the model of ontological psychology. Yalom has written numerous academic works during his lifetime and has several successful novels. Erwin Yalom is best known for his psychological novels, especially the famous novel When Nietzsche Wept.
Part of Spinoza’s book
“Are you Bento Spinoza?”
Spinoza turned to the two strangers; Two tired and young men who seemed to be coming from afar. One of them was tall, with a large head; His head was bent forward, as if his head were so heavy that he could not stand up straight. His clothes were of good quality, but dirty and wrinkled. Another was wearing rustic clothes and was standing behind him. He had long fluffy hair, black eyes, a rough chin and a large nose. He was standing straight. Only his eyes were moving, a rapid movement like the movement of a terrified kid.
Spinoza nodded in agreement.
“I am Jacob Mendoza,” said the tall man. We have to see you. We need to talk to you. This is my cousin, Franco Benitez, I brought him from Portugal. “My cousin …” Jacob grabbed Franco by the shoulder. “It is in a critical situation.”
Spinoza replied, “Yes, okay?”
“In severe crisis.”
“Yes, well, why did you follow me?”
“We were told you were one of the people who could help us. “Maybe you are the only one.”
“Franco has lost his faith. He doubts everything: all religious rites, prayers, even the existence of God. Always afraid. “He does not sleep at all and talks about suicide.”
“And who has misled you by sending you here?” I’m just a businessman with a meager business. “And as you can see, I do not have a lucrative job.” Spinoza points to the half-full shelves behind the soiled window. “Our spiritual leader is Rabbi Mortra. “You have to go to him.”
About Ervin d.
Arvin David Yalom was born on June 13, 1931 in Washington, DC, USA.
He graduated in medicine in Boston in 1956 and in psychiatry in New York in 1960.
After completing his military service in 1963, he began his academic career at Stanford University.
As one of the most successful psychiatrists of the present century, he has been awarded the Gold Medal for his book “When Nietzsche Wept”.
His first books were specialized and attracted the attention of many psychiatric students and were translated into various languages, one of his books being taught as a textbook in universities.
In addition to writing, he is engaged in psychiatry and tends to the existentialist school.
Books such as When Nietzsche Wept, Schopenhauer’s Therapy, Staring at the Sun, Lying on a Sofa, Existential Psychotherapy, Mom and the Meaning of Life, Art and Healing are some of the books that have been translated into Persian.
Using his writing genius, Yalom is one step ahead of other psychologists. He has even been able to engage the general public with simple and interesting stories that tell of his own experiences and those of others in his books, as well as being popular with psychologists and other psychoanalysts.
The main audience of this great writer is young psychologists and young psychologists. His concern is psychiatrists who forget their mission in exchange for increased income or emotional issues and cause more harm to themselves and others. Relying on his writing abilities, Yalom has been able to express the principles of psychology in the form of interesting and fascinating stories and adventures. So that we do not need to have special knowledge in the field of psychology to read the works of this author.
Interestingly, Yalom claims that he always avoids accepting clients who are involved in love. For him, treating this group of people is the hardest job in the world. He says that perhaps because love is sacred and man loves the blind and the deaf. Or maybe because he himself likes to experience such an atmosphere. Yalom, however, loves his wife dearly and considers her a source of relief for his pains and sufferings.
Yalom’s writings on existential psychology revolve around the four axes of human life that Yalom has dubbed “forgiven.” These four axes are: loneliness, lack of meaning, damping and freedom. In his writings, Yalom explains how man can respond to these four concerns in efficient or inefficient ways.
Summary of the book The Spinoza Problem
A compelling story about a 17th-century philosopher named Spinoza and a high-ranking Nazi party official who fails to understand the concepts presented by Spinoza, while Goethe, the German ghost, admires the Jewish Spinoza and this is unacceptable to Alfred. The book deals not only with the life of the two in detail, but also with the discussion of psychotherapy and psychology in addition to the philosophical discussion.
Spinoza, excommunicated from the small Jewish community of Amsterdam, earns his living just by reading philosophers and writing his thoughts, as he says, only for philosophers so that they can convey his thoughts to the public, and by shaving lenses for telescopes and glasses. The second constitutes the life of Spinoza. He is a philosopher who believes in the unity of existence. It wants to separate religion from politics.
He is tired of the immersion of society in superstitions and takes logical and intellectual objections from the Torah to the extent that he hates the Torah not by the word of God but by the word of man. شد.
None of his books were published not only in his own name but even in the name of the original publisher. He wanted a religion that included all human beings. The discovery of natural laws by reason and eternal vision is one of the issues he believes in to have a perfect world. Alfred studied architecture and devoted his dissertation to the design of a crematorium. Hitler is the second after my battle book, depressed that Hitler does not know him as close as he used to and is hospitalized, considers psychology a Jewish science, but a family friend who has known him since childhood is a psychiatrist and the only person That tells him all his feelings.
Alfred wants German blood to be cleansed from the Jews. During the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, he ransacked the library of the Spinoza Museum to answer this question, but he did not know Latin. At the behest of Hitler, his psychiatric friend is forced to help him. By reading Spinoza and arguing with Alfred, he tries his best to cure him as soon as possible and to heal his character as much as he can, so that he may get rid of his fascist thoughts, but he returns with a visit to Hitler. ..
Quotes from the Book City Store site
The popularity of Erwin Yalom’s psychological novels, of course, does not match the popularity of Paulo Coelho and Gibran Khalil Gibran’s books, but it seems that after the publication of When Nietzsche Wept, those audiences who are both interested in spiritual literature and fascinated by fiction and novels, They find this American author desirable and follow his works. Yalom wrote the novel about a man whose life was full of intellectual conflicts and of course not much is known about the details of his life. Many – including Erwin Yalom – believe that Spinoza changed the world with his writings.
He accelerated the path of secularism, the political school of liberal democracy, and the rise of the natural sciences, paving the way for the Enlightenment. His works were excommunicated by Jews at the age of 24 and then censored by Christians for the rest of his life. Ervin Yalom, who considers Spinoza one of his idol-breaking heroes, has based his life and thoughts on a philosophical-psychological novel. His two previous works, which won the Iranian audience, were about Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. Yalom’s novels are a blend of life, philosophy and psychology that has revolutionized psychiatry.
The book The Spy Problem is written in two main parts. The author first deals with the life of Spinoza, a Dutch philosopher, and then with the life and influence of Alfred Rosenberg, a Nazi party theorist, on Spinoza.
Born in 1632, Baruch Spinoza is a Dutch philosopher whose significance and depth of thought was not understood until many years after his death. Spinoza is one of the most important rationalists of philosophy in the seventeenth century and his name is considered as the basis for the emergence of religious criticism and the Enlightenment in the eighteenth century.
In part, we read: “Sherm was a common practice in seventeenth-century Amsterdam society. Every few months, a shame was performed, and every adult Jew witnessed a shame several times, but the crowd present on July 27 did not witness a normal shame. The Spinoza family was familiar to all the Jews of Amsterdam. Baruch’s father, as well as his uncle, often served in Mahamad, the synagogue governing body;
The fall of the most high-ranking people always excites people: the dark side of admiration is the combination of jealousy with dissatisfaction with one’s own normalcy … The rumors were extremely strict. Most of the embarrassments were mild and only had the aspect of general reproach, so they did not last more than a few days or weeks.
In more serious cases, such as blasphemy, the sentence was longer – in one case up to eleven years. If a person expressed remorse and accepted the punishment, it was possible to restore dignity; “But the day before July 27, rumors of shame were reported with unparalleled severity …”
: Quoted from the information site of Wisdom and Knowledge:
Spinoza is one of the most prominent rationalist philosophers after René Descartes. Erwin d. In The Spinoza Problem, Yalom addresses his ideas in the field of theology and political philosophy in the form of a story. Since Spinoza was an isolated and withdrawn philosopher, little is known about his life, and Yalom has little to do with it.
Although the novel The Spinoza Problem is about a prominent and influential philosopher, the main audience of this work is not only those who deal with philosophy, but also all those who are somehow interested in literature can enjoy reading this work. Another important point is that the author of this book is a psychologist and psychotherapist and this novel is a kind of psychological novel. The novel has two central characters: Spinoza and Alfret Rosenberk, the anti-Semitic theorist of the Nazi party who was sentenced to death in the Nuremberg tribunal, and this novel is in fact an analysis of his character and behavior.
Hossein Kazemi Yazdi is of the opinion that now that an American wants to write about a Nazi officer, it seems that he intends to defend the Jews; But this is not the case. Yalom has a realistic view of the Jewish question. On the one hand, he recounts the oppression they went through in the war, and on the other hand, he has a critical view of Jewish society and law through Spinoza.
There is a character named Franco in this book with whom Spinoza discusses the issues raised in the book of ethics in the form of dialogue. Yalom also quotes Spinoza’s political views from his own divine political treatise. In this book, Yalom has been able to provide an interesting summary of Spinoza’s thought.
2- Introducing the book The Spinoza Problem in Aparat