Man’s Search for Meaning Victor Frankl’s work is in search of the meaning of logotherapy. This book is the author’s experiences in the labor camp in order to help understand logotherapy. The author talks about an experience that led to the discovery of logotherapy. This experience is being held in a concentration camp during the Nazi era. His father, mother, brother and wife either died in the camps or were sent to incinerators.
An overview of sections of the book Man in Search of Meaning
The book Man in Search of Meaning is written in two parts:
The first part contains Frankel’s memoirs from the Auschwitz concentration camp. And the second part explains Dr. Frankel’s specialized school, that is, logotherapy or semantics. In the second part, Dr. Frankel says, “I doubt that medicine can answer the question of what is the meaning of each person’s life?” Because the meaning of life changes from person to person, day to day, hour to hour. Therefore, what is important is not the meaning of life in general, but each person must understand the meaning and purpose of his life in different moments. “There is no abstract meaning that human beings spend their lives finding, but each of us has a special task and mission in life that he must fulfill.”
Dr. Victor Frankl makes two very important points in the book Man in Search of Meaning. The first is that man must strive to make sense of every difficult task he faces. The second issue that Frankel addresses in Man in Search of Meaning is the power of choice.
Although the first part of Man’s search for meaning is unpleasant and talks about hardships and sufferings, there are many reasons why this story is important. The story is about survival; About the source of the power that kept Frankel alive after many hardships.
With his unrepeatable experience of hard life in the concentration camp, after the end of the war and liberation, Frankl wrote his masterpiece, The Man in Search of Meaning, and created a new school of psychology as meaning therapy or logotherapy, which is the result of He is unhappy during his years of captivity and incarceration in concentration camps. This theory is very popular among psychologists and psychotherapists.
This book is one of the most important works of our time. Usually, if a book has only one approach and one thought, and yet it has so much power that it can change someone’s life, that is enough and it should be read.
It must be said that this story is about a great and terrifying horror that has not been talked about enough (although few have believed it). It is about a multitude of small tortures. In other words, Frankel wants to answer the question: What is the reflection of everyday life in a concentration camp in the mind of an ordinary prisoner?
Viktor Frankl, who was imprisoned and imprisoned for three years for being a Jew in Nazi concentration camps in Germany, has explored the importance of searching for the meaning of life in different situations. As an existentialist psychologist, he explores the importance of meaning in life in the most stressful situations possible. In this book, he also expresses his new perspective on psychology (logotherapy or meaning therapy).
Frankl, the founder of logotherapy, is an Austrian psychologist and neurologist with a doctorate in psychology from the University of Vienna and an honorary doctorate from 120 countries. He lost his pregnant wife, parents and brother in World War II and has been held in four different camps, including Auschwitz.
Based on his personal experiences and his many patients, Victor Frankl believes that you can not avoid suffering, but you can choose how to deal with it. Upon entering the German concentration camp during World War II, he found a piece of paper in the pocket of a slain prisoner that read, “Love God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength.” The clothes he had to wear.
Victor Frankl’s interpretation was that a positive response to life is a command, no matter what we face, whether it is suffering or death. Because the greatest meaning can be found in the most insurmountable ways and in the most frustrating moments and situations. He realized the meaning of his presence in that hell and the torturous camp, and because of that he endured all illness, fatigue, hunger, thirst, psychological stress and physical torture, and so on.
In the camp where Frankel was held, typically one in 28 people survived, and the rest were either killed or committed suicide. After much study, he realized that those who survived were not necessarily the healthiest, strongest, smartest, richest, and. Before they were captured. They were the ones who had meaning in their lives and survived in the hope of achieving that meaning and purpose after the end of the war. This could mean discovering family members, building a country, or whatever.
Seeking things only for personal gain and the needs of the lower level and the total lack of meaning in people’s lives is a kind of mental illness. The theory of meaning therapy is related to man’s frequent need to search, not for himself but for a meaning that gives meaning to our being. According to this theory, the more we can go above ourselves and sacrifice ourselves for something or someone, the more human we become. This is the ultimate criterion for the development of a healthy personality.
About Victor Frankl; Psychotherapist and logotherapist:
Victor Frankl is Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Vienna. A Holocaust survivor, he has sought to define the meaning of life since the beginning of his career at the university. He believes that human beings must have meaning in their lives under any circumstances, even if they are in the worst conceivable situation and the last moments of life. In semantic therapy, Victor Frankl examines the central core of existentialism and argues against this phenomenon: “If living is suffering, then in order to survive, one must inevitably find meaning in suffering.”
Victor Frankl can be considered the creator of logotherapy. Log therapy is the discovery of the roots of the meaning of each person’s life in the form of a solid idea of meaning and responsibility. A model that determines the meaning, responsibility and mission of a person in life. After a while, Frankel became a staunch opponent of psychotherapy, so he intensified his research into semantics. “Therapists’ behavior causes people to analyze themselves like animals and as a physiological machine, but in logotherapy, the spiritual dimension of human beings is emphasized,” he said.
Frankel has written more than thirty books on semantics and semantics, but unfortunately only eight books by Frankel have been translated from German into English. In 1959, he wrote Man in Search of Meaning, which tells the story of his experience of working in a Nazi concentration camp in Germany. In this book, he explains how, in such circumstances, he realized the importance of meaning in life in the most difficult circumstances.
Victor Frankl met the famous Austrian philosopher Sigmund Freud in 1921 and was his student for a while, but after a few years his views distanced himself from Freud. Victor Frankl died on September 2, 1997 in Vienna, Austria.
In a part of the book Man in Search of Meaning, we read:
The stages of suicide were almost all over our minds; We have all experienced this idea, albeit for a short time. The idea that was born of the status quo, the danger of death that always threatened us, and the imminence of the deaths of those who were tortured . » This was a phrase used in the camp and was the best way to commit suicide by touching a barbed wire. Making such a decision was not without its problems for me.
Suicide no longer made sense because the chances of survival or events that led to liberation were slim. No one was sure except those who survived all the choices. The prisoners of Auschwitz were not terrified of death in the first stage of trauma. Even the gas chamber lost its grandeur after the first few days.
Most of the prisoners were given ragged clothes, which the scarecrow was more pleased with. There was nothing but dirt in the camp huts, and the more we cleaned, the more it spilled on our way. Officers and inmates in charge were happy to assign newcomers to teamwork to clean the dumps and spill stools if, as usual, spills stools on prisoners’ heads and faces as they carried them up the hills, with a look of disgust on their faces. It could be seen or tried to clear it, it was Kapo’s blows that landed on his body. Thus, killing reactions to the norm was accelerated.
2- Introducing the book Man’s Search for Meaning in Aparat