Ahoo Khanum’s Husband is the first novel by Ali Mohammad Afghani. This novel was met with an unparalleled response in the Iranian book market.
The publication of this voluminous novel in 1340 was an important event in the Iranian book and fiction market.
Ali Mohammad Afghani wrote this novel during the years of imprisonment from 1333 to 1338, and after his release from prison, he published it at his own expense because the publisher refused to take the risk of publishing it on the long story of an unknown author.
Ali Mohammad Afghani’s pen is very capable of making images and has been able to express details with special delicacy.
But more attention has been paid to the outward aspects.
The reader of the book while reading can easily create pictures of the house with the delicate explanations of the author in mind.
The reader sees in the mind even the smallest details of the faces and limbs of the characters in the story, even the most subtle characters.
The story takes place in 1313 in Kermanshah and the main theme of the story is closely related to the miserable reality of women’s lives in the lower strata of society in those years and in its condemnation is the ritual of polygamy.
In this novel, family relations and related emotional norms are represented. The book won the Best Novel of the Year award.
Chapter 1 Ahoo Khanum Husband
Seyyed Miran Sarabi, the owner of a bakery and the head of a guild in Kermanshah, visits his shop in the winter evening of Ramadan 1313 AH in collaboration with a man named Agha Shoja, and informs him that the guild meeting has been postponed until after Eid al-Fitr.
Mr. Shoja goes. Seyyed Miran intends to monopolize the supply of army bread. A very young woman comes and buys bread from Miran, who stands behind the scales instead of her angry scales. The beauty and kindness of a woman sit in the heart of Miran.
Once again, the woman returns to buy bread for Farkhunam, the son of her landlord. Miran talks to him, asks his name, who he is, and finds out that he is divorced and has been separated from his wife and children, as well as from his relatives living in Kermanshah.
Suleiman the Worker goes after tomorrow, Habib the Balanced returns, and Seyyed Miran thinks that it might be the mediator of Homa and Habib’s marriage.
Chapter 2 The Deer Husband
Ahoo Khanum, Seyed Miran’s wife, is sitting under a chair with her three sons and a daughter until her husband’s prayers are over and they have dinner. Seyyed Miran intends to go to Yavar after dinner to negotiate over the army bread, and to go to the shop, unless Suleiman returns with a load of flour.
The deer sends the silver deer, Golmohammad’s wife, to the house of the baby’s grandmother and Rana to inform them that they will not visit them tonight. Seyyed Miran refused to rent his mirage garden to Golmohammad and Agha Jan, who are the tenants of his house;
And they have gone to Bostan Arch to get a loan, and Noghreh and Khorshid, Golmohammad’s sister and Agha Jan’s wife, keep their children and Golmohammad’s old mother and Khorshid at home and do housework.
The deer longs to visit the shrine of Imam Reza, and with his wife, after years of hardship and hard work, is now having a happy time with the tenants of his working class.
Chapter 3 The Deer Husband
Last week and Miran, after breaking his fast at his friend Mirza Nabi’s house, is on his way home when he notices that Homa is ahead of him. He follows the woman and they meet in an alley and talk again.
Homa says that because of a young man who probably loved her and now dances in the gymnasiums of life and practice, Miran realizes that Hussein Khan’s troupe is multiplied, and spends his time wishing for the recovery of his twin children – as he wishes to see them today. Her ex-husband is gone.
Miran wants to reconcile her and the man, but he hears that it is a divorce and it is not easy.
Homa owes Hussein Khan about 100 tomans, and says that he wishes to get rid of this debt and the commitment of the dancer, who has shaped his destiny since he was ten years old, and because of whom he bought him from his gypsy parents and raised him in ten. .
She agrees with Miran that Miran will go to Hussein Khan’s house tomorrow morning and introduce herself as her ex-husband’s friend and mediator with Homa and save Homa from there.
Miran does this, Homa wants her children and alimony before any thought, including thought, is dissolved, and Hussein Khan and Miran negotiate: Hussein Khan believes that Homa is an artist and no husband can fit in the four walls of the house, but She does not care if Miran can give her husband as she thinks.
Miran goes to take Homa from the library, but returns to seeing her dance practice, and agrees with Hussein Khan: Homa is a dancer, not the wife of any house, from the house of her ex-husband to the house of every other man, including Sayyid Miran Sarabi, who now Is in love with him.
Chapter 4 The Deer Husband
The last few days and Miran are counting and looking at Homa in the watch shop. The next evening, when he had unknowingly left Hussein Khan’s house, he saw Hussein Khan sick with his wife, as if they had gone to the doctor.
So he hurried to her house and agreed with Homa that if she could go to Miran’s house tomorrow and ask for a room to rent without getting acquainted. He had spent the whole next day waiting for Homa to come home, and he had not come.
In the evening, he breaks his fast with a piece of bread and dates and builds the house of Hussein Khan;
But in the alley he regrets and returns and goes to Kharrazi to get back the money he had given Homa for the new clothes: the salesman gives him the package before each word, and takes Miran and goes to give it to the deer instead of Homa. And try to forget Homa.
On the way, he meets Homa and Narges, the daughter of Hussein Khan, and his son, Farrokh, and greets them, saying that her ex-husband has sent this gift package to Homa, and that he will soon return her to her former home and life.
The women return home with Hussein Khan’s medicine, Miran buys another pen of his medicine and it reaches him and they go home together. Narges’s mother also fell ill and fell.
The heir’s daughter smells that Miran is probably not a middleman, and yet she does not worry about her father’s death, nor does she think about Homa leaving. Miran and Homa sit down to talk: Miran wants Homa to come to his house according to the plan, but Homa is afraid of what people say and wants to work.
Homa finally says: Temporary marriage with Miran will be safer. Both are reluctant, but find no choice: Homa wears Miran’s gifts, and Miran falls in love with Homa at the age of fifty and has a permanent contract.
Chapter 5 The Deer Husband
Ramadan is over and winter is coming to an end. The class meeting has not yet taken place in Miran’s house.
The deer cooks dinner in the kitchen, it rains, the children play in the yard, the glory of taking the silver candies to the dormitory grows, and the silver asks the deer to do anything if the boy can tie the knot in her husband’s bakery.
Miran brings Homa home and gives him to a deer and tells the story of his divorce and says that he wants to put her in an empty water house. The deer greets the guest with affection, and with imaginary worry, and sleeps him next to him in the living room at night.
From the second chapter onwards, Ahokhanem becomes the center of the story and the plot of the novel develops with her help, people and adventures are formed around her.
Ahokhanam’s calmness and reliability affect the whole story so much that her presence is felt even in scenes where she is not present.
At the same time, his interaction with other people strengthens the structure of the work.
In the third chapter, we get acquainted with Homa’s characteristics and past: a whimsical, rebellious and “modern” woman. A woman who wants to get out of the cocoon that society and traditions have woven around her, but is misled for various reasons.
Homa joins the group of singers and dances on the slope of moral decline. Syed Miran thinks of saving him from vulgarity. The youthful love has longed for the old man.
Captive to the charm of Homa, he has dreamy and happy days. Eventually, financial strength and moral justifications make things easier: On a quiet morning, Homa enters the house with Seyed Miran. From then on, the house becomes the scene of a brutal survival conflict;
The survival conflict during which the deer changes and gains valuable awareness. Homa gets married to Seyed Miran and becomes my official sister-in-law.
Ahokhanam patiently defends her family center and Homa patiently drives her off the stage.
But the deer’s desperate defense – appealing to neighbors and friends, prayers and vows and magic – does not work, and she retreats more and more.
Afghani recreates seven years of a troubled family life in a regular chronological order, presenting all the details in Balzac-style detail instead of choosing the right moments of life;
That is, instead of the narrative time (which is the chosen and chosen time of life), it follows the time of life. For this reason, the novel is full of monotonous pieces, the omission of which highlights the turning points in the lives of the characters in the story.
Conflicts culminate in Syed Miran’s house, Syed Miran, burning with mad rage and lust, beats the deer to death, and from then on he becomes the wife of many.
The time of Seyed Miran and Homa’s dreamy pleasures arrives: Seyed goes to the introductory meeting in the municipal hall to celebrate the discovery of hijab (Afghani gives a documentary and valuable description of the first days of the discovery of hijab);
Allows Homa to take to the streets in fancy clothes; For the first time in his life, he shaves his face with a razor and wears fashionable clothes; He drinks wine with Homa and goes to the cinema.
He collapses the traditional shells one after another and tries to become the color of a new and prosperous middle class.
Homa, who thinks of equal rights for women and men, supports Reza Shah’s “reforms.”
But these “top-down” corrections, spread by the backs of desks and boots, are one of the driving forces behind the uncultured and inexperienced Homay.
Homa – distraught by the boredom of the city – suffers from deep loneliness and seeks refuge.
But it does not reach clarity. It eats from one door to another and gradually sinks into the mire of inhuman life.
The description of her mental torment is accompanied by a picture of the 9 vulgar worlds that underlie the fall of women, and gives the Afghan novel a social credibility.
Homa – because my deer – wants to move, but in a stagnant environment and captivated by prejudice and selfishness, her move is not forward, it is blind and irrational;
So he goes to the abyss and takes Syed Miran and the deer with him, and Syed burns this greedy, selfish and selfish bourgeois wisdom in the flame of his desires.
Unable to play a proper role in the social transformations and class transformations that take place in favor of capitalism, Syed gradually loses all his wealth and becomes a smuggler, and when he is completely helpless, he takes refuge in my deer.
When poverty comes, the relationship between Homa and Syed breaks down. Homa wants to get a divorce and Syed, whom Lust has made a demon, drives my deer out of the house and tells her to go to a brothel or a cemetery.
Ahokhanam also does not succumb to all this humiliation, she accepts the slavery of this life of humiliation without any reason, because the society does not consider her entitled.
Ahokhanam leaves the house and goes to Deh and Seyed thinks of going on a return trip with Homa.
When Ahokhanam finds out, she puts aside her patience and indifference, goes to the garage and returns Syed home in disgrace.
This is the consciousness we have been talking about: the course of the story warns the poor woman of enduring humiliation and asks her to fight to save her life.
Homa leaves the city with the driver of the car. The unfortunate woman has no choice but to go to the door. His life is a mirage of boredom and hopelessness. My sister-in-law is happy to recover from her husband, so she can reorganize her broken life.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat