Golestan Saadi was composed by Sheikh Musharraf Ibn Mosleh Saadi Shirazi (died in the year 1 or 2 AH) in the year 2. This book contains an introduction to the intention of God and the reason for writing the book, and then the eighth chapter of Golestan:
In the royal character, in the dervish morality, in the virtue of contentment, in the benefits of silence, in love and youth, in weakness and old age, in the influence of education, in the etiquette of speech; Each of which has several and several anecdotes, in which the chapter, except the eighth chapter, is in the etiquette, which is mostly short sentences, and in the sermon and the sentence.
Golestan Saadi is a smooth, smooth, fluent and sweet work by the great Saadi, an example of pure and sweet prose and Persian melody, which after more than seven hundred years, the sweetness and sweetness of the sublime words of this great orator has not diminished.
Golestan includes an introduction and eight chapters including: on the character of kings, on the morality of dervishes, on the virtue of contentment, on the benefits of silence, on love and youth, on weakness and old age, on the effect of education, and on the etiquette of speaking the sweetest prose , Is written.
This is the sweetness of Saadi’s sublime words that the Persian speakers of Giti read his words with eagerness and enthusiasm and accept him alive. Saadi, with dexterity and complete mastery, has poured his pure advice in the form of pleasant and attractive anecdotes and speeches, and has helped the audience to reach the perfection and institutionalization of humanity in a moral society.
The great Saadi says in the preface of Golestan: For the strength of the observers and the eloquence of the attendees of Golestan book, I can compose that the autumn wind does not extend on his sheet and does not turn the passage of time of his Rabi’s luxury into a delicate one.
Do you work as a child?
A leaf tiger from my Golestan
Flowers are the same for five days and six
Wayne Golestan is always happy
In Golestan, in the middle of his pure and eloquent prose, Saadi has also included verses from his speech, and this is a characteristic of all Golestan’s anecdotes:
One night in the desert of Mecca, I could not sleep because of insomnia. I bowed my head and told the camels to leave me.
How many feet does the poor foot walk?
Goat endured was praised Bakhti
To become a lean fat body
Slimming is dead from hardship
He said, “Brother, the sanctuary is ahead and the sanctuary is behind.” If you went you won and if you slept you died.
Pleasure under the moguls for the Bedouin humiliation
The night of Rahil, but leaving Turk Jan must be said
Thus, Saadi’s moral advice in the form of such firm words has had a unique and wonderful effect on the Persians, and Saadi’s advice is characteristic of the culture of the Orient in the plateau of Iran and the habitat of the Persians.
I remember in the old days when a friend and I had two skinny almonds in our skin, suddenly something bad happened. After a while, he rebuked me for not sending a messenger during this time. I said, “I’m sorry that the messenger saw your beauty and I was deprived.”
My old friend, do not speak in the language of repentance
That I will not repent with the sword
I envy that someone keeps you full
I repeat, no one will be full
Golestan Saadi’s book is a collection of informative and influential anecdotes of Saadi Shirazi, a famous Iranian poet and writer, in the form of melodic poetry and prose.
Saadi has written this precious work in the form of an introduction and eight chapters in rhythmic and rhythmic prose, and most of his writings are short and in the style of stories and moral advice. His art of storytelling and brevity have prevented the educational aspect from making the reader bored.
Golestan anecdotes are short or long depending on the subject. In some anecdotes, imaginary or real third characters are seen; But in others, the author is present and watching. Some of these events are real life events and some are just imaginary events.
In Golestan, he avoids historiography and memoirs, and only expresses matters related to the life and character of individuals. This work can be introduced as his report on the society of his time, in which he shows the cultural and social situation of the people in a real way.
He was not considered a famous poet before writing Bustan and Golestan, but writing these two works made him famous. He began writing the book less than a year after the park was compiled and completed it in five or six months, which literary critics consider a miracle.
In a part of Golestan Saadi’s book, we read:
I saw a merchant who had one hundred and fifty camels and forty servants. One night on Kish Island he took me to his room. All night long, they did not stop saying disturbing words that such and such is belonging to Turkestan and such and such wealth to India, and this is the deed of such and such land, and such and such property is guaranteed by such and such a person.
Sometimes you said: I remember Alexandria because the weather is nice. You said: No, [that] the west sea is turbulent. Saadia, another journey is ahead, if I can, I will sit in the corners for the rest of my life.
I said: Which trip is it? He said: I will take Persian sulfur to China, which I heard is very expensive, and from there I will bring a Chinese bowl to Rome, and a Roman pot to India, and Indian steel to Aleppo, and Aleppo glass to Yemen, and a Yemeni glass to Persia, and then leave trade. And sit in a shop.
[In fairness,] he plunged so much into this macho that he could no longer bear to say it. He said: [O Saadi,] you also speak of [those whom] you have seen and heard.
You heard that one day a businessman
Fall in the desert from the store
Said the narrow-eyed worldly
Or fill with contentment or grave soil
Golestan of Iranian Literature In the world of Iranian poetry and literature, there are irreplaceable works that lovers of poetry and literature can not ignore.
One of these works of Golestan is the work of Musharraf al-Din Mosleh ibn Abdullah Shirazi, nicknamed Yeh Saadi Shirazi, the great poet and writer of the seventh century AH. He wrote Golestan in 656 AH in a preface and eight chapters in prose.
Saadi’s love is not a hidden hadith, it is a story that is on every market.
Master of speech, Sheikh Ajal Saadi Shirazi in this work by choosing the right words and the right choices, delights the reader and caresses the soul and spirit of the audience.
Undoubtedly, Golestan can be called the most beautiful book of Persian prose due to its eloquent and melodic prose, most of whose writings are short and expressed in the form of stories and moral advice.
This famous poet was very famous during his lifetime. His works were even available in Persian or in translation in India, Asia Minor and Central Asia. He is the first Iranian poet whose works have been translated into one of the European languages and many Persian-language poets and writers have imitated his style.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat