The duel


Title: Duel

Author: Anton Pavlovich

Translator: Angel Officer

Publisher: Aso

Subject: Russian stories

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 146

Language: Farsi



Duel is one of Anton Chekhov’s most famous works, which narrates human relations and the confrontation between the Soviet aristocracy and the intellectual class of the time, which leads to an internal conflict between the main character and the ideological conflict of the characters.

The novel Duel is an almost realistic depiction of the mental turmoil of the Russians at the end of the last century, forcing man to reflect on human relations. Behind this world, the author seeks the truth; A truth that seems to never be perfected.

Almost all the characters in the story are weak creatures and seek ideals that they know are beyond their reach and are slaves to their habits.

In the book Duel, Layowski (one of the main characters in the novel) meets a woman named Nadezhda Fyodorona and kidnaps her from her husband and takes her to the Caucasus. A false love that breaks Layowski’s heart two years later and Layowski waits to escape from this city whose hot and sultry beach is unbearable.
Layowski is a very fat employee and educated and has managed to win the heart of a Russian army doctor named Samuilenko.

Samuilenko has always been a strong supporter of Layowski until the end of the story. Relatives and acquaintances do not accept the two men and women who live together and always consider them to be in great sin.

Van Korn and the deacon are their common neighbors. Van Korn is a zoologist who is pessimistic about the religious beliefs of the people and the deacon on the way to becoming a priest and a religious person.

These two are interesting discussions about the universe and God. Van Korn has a strong grudge against Layowski.
Nadizhova repeatedly prostitutes herself at the urging of a young policeman named Kirillin, until once Layowski sees the two naked together.

The main reason for the bitter look of the characters in the story with Layowski is his life with a married woman, the prevalence of alcoholism in a city that seems to be uncommon and gambling.

Van Korn considers Layowski a traitor, but Samuilenko considers Layowski a kind-hearted and kind man. Van Korn’s resentment eventually leads to a duel proposal.
On a clear morning while Layowski has given up, a duel takes place despite the middle foot of the witnesses for reconciliation. The last moment the deacon, who was hiding in the corn orchard, addresses them, and the arrowhead goes wrong, and so on.

Russian writer Anton Chekhov has been hailed by many critics and writers as the world’s best short story writer.

He has written many short and long stories and several plays that have been translated into different languages ​​or turned into theaters and series after decades. “Duel” is one of his long stories.

Part of the text of the book Duel
When the sun set and darkness was everywhere, a strange and unpleasant feeling came over him. He was not afraid of death, he was sure at dinner and playing cards for some reason that the duel would not go anywhere.

Rather, it was the fear of something happening tomorrow morning for the first time in his life. Fear of the beginning of the night … he knew he would have a long night ahead of him with insomnia.

And he will think not only of Van Karen and the grudges against him, but also of the masses he has made of lies.

But it has neither the ability nor the skill to go through it. It was as if he had suddenly become ill.

Duel is a novel by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860-1904), a Russian writer, published in 1897, and is one of his most famous works and an almost true picture of the Russian turmoil of the end of the last century.

Almost all the characters in the story are weak creatures and seek ideals that they know are beyond their reach and are slaves to their habits.
The story takes place in a small town in the Caucasus by the Black Sea: Laosky, a young employee, has moved to the city to look back on his lost life.

After graduating from university, he travels with his friend. But instead of falling into a straight line, he spends all day in private eating, beating, playing cards, and telling endless stories. This is at least the opinion of German-born biologist von Korn.

An active man who hates Laosky so much that he believes he will be eliminated by the law of survival. Their hatred for each other intensifies so much that von Kun finally finds excuses to duel with Laosky.

The night before the struggle for the unfortunate Laosky is an opportunity to think about himself, to see that his past was nothing but futility and carelessness and lies.
Fear of death awakens the desire for life and a better life. Before leaving the house, he lovingly kisses the poor woman he was about to leave and thinks she is a unique woman.
The duel ends in vain, but Laoiski has felt death. He starts a new life, marries his friend and works hard.
Laoiski, one of Chekhov’s leading figures in art who bears a strong resemblance to Gancharov’s Oblomov, is weak and hesitant.

Unwittingly doing evil, his hatred of those around him is a cover for his hatred of himself. To justify his conscience, he tries to convince himself that his shortcomings are the result of time and the law of inheritance.

However, the result of this novel introduces a new element in Chekhov’s pessimism, and that is the relationship between Laoiski and von Conner, who are both well-meaning enemies, and these relations remind the reader of the story of “one “Unknown” and reveals a less obvious but fundamental point, and that is Chekhov’s love for the heroes he creates.
Although a hundred years have passed since Chekhov’s death, his works still retain their appeal to literary enthusiasts around the world.

In the short novel Duel, Antoine Chekhov refers to the emptiness of the intellectual life of his time and the role in the fulfillment of their dreams. No other writer has been able to depict the dark night of the spirit of his time with such power. At the same time, he was a master at drawing up hidden tragedies that erode one’s body and soul.

The subject and concerns raised in the book Duel
Duel is one of the few feature-length stories published by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. A work that, more than a century after its publication, can be considered a twin with the story and the inner struggle of its characters.

The book tells the story of a love duel between Layowski and Fyodorona. A relationship that for some reason is not accepted by society. In the context of the story, various issues are challenged, including class differences, the fluctuation of logic and emotion in man, and the confrontation of the thoughts of the aristocratic community with the intellectual community.

Chekhov seeks to find the truth in different layers of his story and characters. But it leaves the task of finding the truth to the audience and never issues definitive theories.
The protagonist, Layowski, is an educated and hopeful man who falls in love with a married woman named Nadezhda Fyodorona and goes to the Caucasus with her. Now, two years have passed and nothing has gone as Lajowski predicted.

His relationship with Nadizhova changes dramatically after his risky encounter with a policeman named Kirillin.

Knowing that his ideals and those of Russian society have been lost, he occasionally spends time with his only friend Samuilenko.

Van Korn is pessimistic about the religious beliefs of the people, and the deacon, a man believed to be a priest, is one of Layowski’s neighbors.

The differences between Van Korn and Layowski intensify and change the lives of the characters in the story.
The storyline of the book led to the making of the movie The Duel, based on the same work by Chekhov. Directed by Dover Kooshawili and starring Andrew Scott and Tobias Menzies, the film was critically acclaimed.

About the author of the book Duel: Anton Chekhov
One hundred years after his death, Antoine Chekhov, known as one of the most important Russian novelists, published his first essay while studying medicine.

He wrote all his works in the style of Real and was able to spread this style of writing more and more among the writers. One of the main features of Chekhov’s works is the universality of the concerns he raises;

In a way that today’s reader can identify with them. This feature has led to Chekhov’s books being translated into most languages.

The author of the famous play “Uncle Vanya” considered the science of writing to be more or less an innate talent, but says of the ability to write: “Look closely and write correctly.”

Chekhov has left outstanding works in the field of short stories, plays and long stories.
Contrary to popular belief and writings of his time, he described the events and heroes of his story as real and without exaggeration.

A real atmosphere that was usually accompanied by bitter humor. He began writing humorous articles in humor magazines. A bitter irony that later appeared in his books.

Chekhov’s works came from the heart of the former Soviet society and the author had a special knowledge of the conditions of his country and the people of the society.

He gained some of this knowledge from his experience in journalism and, of course, his ability and accuracy in writing. “I work like a worker on my writing,” Chekhov famously quotes.
“It is not the job of the author to comment on human issues, religion and God, and optimism or pessimism,” Chekhov said in an interview. “His real task is to show accurately and honestly how real people think and say about these issues.”

This is one of the reasons why the writings of this great author have survived. A perspective that has engulfed the feelings and thoughts of people in every period of time.

In Chekhov’s writings, the audience is truly acquainted with the Russian people and their humanitarian relations, and can touch on the significant class differences of that period. He challenged the values ​​of his time and the definitions formed in the minds of the majority.

Chekhov died of tuberculosis and cerebral hemorrhage at the age of forty-four, with more than seven hundred works in Russian literature.

Antoine Chekhov and other writers
Chekhov was very interested in reading the writings of the German philosopher Schopenhauer, the Spanish novelist and poet Cervantes, and the Russian novelist Turgenev.

He was a fan of Leo Tolstoy. In one part of the duel, Layowski’s protagonist tells his friend Samuilenko: “Tolstoy’s career relieved me.

If you know how much Tolstoy reads what he says with his life, how cruelly he utters them! “In fact, my dear friend, I want to say that he is a great writer.”
The author of the play “Cherry Orchard” also liked “Maxim Gorky” but never came close to his writing style. Because he was not interested in political issues and was not optimistic about the goals of intellectuals.

The great German writer Thomas Mann describes Chekhov as “the great spectator of small lives.”
Contemporary style writers such as Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, George Bernard Shaw, and J.W. January. Salinger has praised his writings.

On the other hand, Ernest Hemingway, a prominent American writer, was not interested in Chekhov’s writing and wrote about him: “He wrote only six good stories and he was an amateur writer.”

The Russian “Vladimir Nabokov” also considered Chekhov a vulgar writer who published duplicate writings; While the short story “Woman with a Dog” has called her one of the best stories in the history of literature.

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Additional information


Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, آنتوان پاولوویچ



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