Alexander Macedoni is the subject of this work, which has been prepared and compiled in the form of a story. Due to his numerous trips to different countries, the author has adapted his studies in this field with his observations. He believes that the religion and culture of the Iranian people have had a definite effect on Alexander’s character.
Introduction to the book of Alexander Macedoni by Harold Lamb
Alexander’s father, Philip II, and his mother, Queen Olympias, were both born into royal families. According to some legends that Alexander also believed, the lineage of Alexander’s paternal ancestors goes back to Hercules, the ancient Greek hero. These stories all show the pre-evident greatness of Alexander. When her mother was pregnant, she heard a thunderous roar in her sleep and saw that lightning had split her womb.
This lightning ignited a fire that spread far and wide. His dream was that the baby carried by Olympias would be as dazzling and destructive as the light and fire of thunder. Alexander’s birthday, which probably occurred on July 20, 356 BC, shows more signs of his future success.
Wars and conquests, and finally, according to the ancient historian Plutarch, the prophets said that Alexander’s birth coincided with three victories, all of which would be a sign of his invincibility. Cultural and political changes took place in ancient Greece 2,500 years ago, and the country entered the golden age of its history, during which the foundations of democracy and the origins of academic research were formed. This book, which actually deals with the life of Alexander the Great, is another volume of a collection of influential personalities that has been published.
This story begins from his youth and deals with all his conquests and battles in Europe and his arrival in the Orient and Iran, and finally refers to his death and that of his successors, and mentions some of the legends that have been told about him. .
Harold Lamb (1892-1962) is a historian and author.
In this narrative-historical narrative, he deals with the life and war travels of Alexander the Great.
The author writes in the introduction of the book:
“My attempt in this biography of Alexander is to restore balance to history. In the past, Western historians have silenced Alexander’s twelve years of travel in the Orient, focusing more on his operations in Greece and his influence during the Hellenistic period that followed.
In the study of the available sources, it became clear to me that the high religion and culture of Iran had a decisive influence on the person of Alexander, who is referred to as Jahangisha. “I think it was Iran that conquered Alexander with its civilization and left his plans for future generations.”
In part of this book we read:
“In any case, it could not be denied that the armies had a new land ahead of them, and no one had ever seen such a hammock in the past. No spies could inform the leaders of what lay ahead, they had only seen a few cavalrymen on the banks of the Euphrates, and the prisoners of war were declaring that the Asian army was gathering on the other side of the river.
The old soldiers inferred from the captives’ statements that the new Asian army would outnumber the masses they had seen in Asus, and they thought about this possibility and did not know how Alexander would be able to equate a stronger cavalry in such a hurricane. Of course, they were not overwhelmed by fear, but they were thinking.
Instead of advancing eastward, toward the second river, Alexander directed his forces to the northeast, and they went until the ground turned red again, and the countryside, with its flat roofs, gradually turned into a mass of flower cones that resembled beehives. Finally, they made their way back to the mountain, and before returning to the east, they climbed the hills covered with pines and the cracks of the gray rocks. “The air was cool in this part and the water was pouring down sharply from the heights, and because they did not see the enemy corps in those heights, they proceeded with confidence.”
In this book, which is a kind of historical story, the author has narrated the story and conquests of Alexander the Great based on historical information and sources.
The translator of the book says in this regard: “Harold Lab during these travels did not stop from historical studies in the Middle East countries, including Alexander’s route from Muscat al-Ras, which is Macedonian to the borders of India.” So in Alexander’s book, studies are accompanied by observations.
The author also notes: “My attempt in this biography of Alexander is to restore balance in history,” it turned out to me that the ultimate religion and culture of Iran in the role of Alexander… had a decisive influence.
I think it was Iran that conquered Alexander with his civilization and inspired his plans for the future. Alexander’s exhaustion left him dead.
‘His world government, which he had devised, collapsed, and his successors became embroiled in controversy.’
Harold Albert Lamb (born 1892 – died 1962)
He was an American historian (not a historian), a novelist, a short story writer, and a screenwriter. Lamb was born in the Alps of New Jersey. He joined the army after graduating from university. He also served in the army for several years during World War II.
In addition to English, Harold Lamb was fluent in Arabic and Chinese, and traveled to China, Iran, Russia, and the Middle East for months, researching and studying history and literature. He was very interested in Iranian scientists, poets and orators, and spent part of his life studying the history of Iran and the biographies of Iranian poets and writers. He was a member of the American-Asian Relations Association and the Writers’ Union of America, and a member of the National Association of the Middle East.
Summary of the book of Alexander the Great:
Alexander took the civilized world from one trajectory and threw it in another, beginning a new era; No accident in the world will happen like this.
Alexander III of Macedonia (July 20 or 21, 356 BC in Plaus – June 10 or 11, 323 BC in Babylon) known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλἑξανδρος ὁ Μἑγας Alexandros Ho Magas) and in Iranian Zoroastrian texts Alexander the Great (known as Alexander the Great) He was the king of ancient Macedonia. He was born in the city of Playa in 356 BC and was taught by Aristotle until the age of 16.
Alexander was able to form one of the largest empires in the ancient world before reaching the age of thirty. Which stretched from the Greek Sea to the Himalayas. He was invincible in battles and never lost. Alexander is credited with being one of the most successful military commanders in history.
After Alexander’s father, Philip II of Macedonia, was assassinated, Alexander succeeded him to the throne in 336 BC. Alexander inherited a strong country and an experienced army from his father’s reign.
He was awarded the title of General of Greece, and he made the most of this gift to realize his father’s military ambitions. In 334 BC, he invaded Asia Minor, which was under Achaemenid control, and launched a series of battles that lasted ten years. During a series of decisive battles, especially the battles of Asus and Gogmal, Alexander overthrew Iran’s authority in the region. He subsequently overthrew Darius III, Emperor of Persia, and conquered the entire Persian Empire. At that time, Alexander’s empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.
In 326 BC, Alexander invaded India in pursuit of the “end of the world and the great outer sea” but was finally forced to return at the request of his troops. Alexander intended to organize a series of battles that would begin with an invasion of Saudi Arabia, but died in 323 BC before carrying out these battles in Babylon.
After Alexander’s death, a civil war broke out between his survivors, leading to the disintegration of his vast empire and the emergence of governments ruled by his generals and successors, known as the Diadochi. Alexander’s conquests caused a cultural dispersion in the world of those days. He founded twenty new cities named after Alexander, the most famous of which is Alexandria in Egypt.
By settling Greek settlers in the occupied territories and, consequently, by spreading Greek culture in the East, Alexander gave rise to the Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were evident even in the customs of the Eastern Roman Empire in the mid-fifteenth century. Alexander quickly became a legendary hero in the same form as Achilles, and played a major role in the history and mythology of Greek and non-Greek cultures.
He became the standard by which other military commanders compared themselves to him. Military schools around the world continue to teach him military tactics. Alexander ruled Iran for seven years after conquering Persepolis.
From 327 to 326 BC Alexander invaded India. In 323 BC, Alexander returned to Babylon, Alexander fell ill and finally died at the age of 33. After Alexander’s death, a civil war broke out between his survivors, leading to the disintegration of his vast empire and the emergence of governments ruled by his generals and successors, known as the Diadochi.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat