The book of Zoroaster, the prophet of ancient Iran, is a work by Dr. H. Delpak published by Parmis Publications. This book is written about Zoroaster and the ritual he offered.
He was a wise and prudent man who in ancient times, when people lived in ignorance, instilled a spirit of monotheism and service to one another, someone who was not properly dealt with and is sometimes referred to only as a mythical creature. In this work, we read about him from the religious ceremonies and beliefs of Zoroaster and from the point of view of the people of other countries towards this Iranian prophet.
Zarathustra, the prophet of ancient Iran
A review of the book of Zoroaster, the prophet of ancient Iran
One of the oldest human beings of the Zoroastrian religion is the prophet of the ancient Iranians. Although historians and theologians disagree about the place and time of birth and the period of Zoroastrian propagation of the new religion, there is no doubt that the Zoroastrian religion, whose followers are still present in Iran and some other countries, before the arrival of Islam in Iran, Religion has been the dominant people of this land. The author of the book considers the religion of Zoroaster to be older than Judaism.
Some believe that Zarathustra based his entire philosophy on reason and was the greatest fighter against superstition and anti-people. In addition to dealing with the existing narrations about the time and place of Zarathustra’s birth and claiming his prophethood, the author also deals with the poems of Zoroaster (Gathas) based on the Zoroastrian religion, myths and gods in this religion, which was later collected (Avesta).
The fate of the Zoroastrian religion, rituals, religious rites and celebrations of Zoroastrians, as well as other sects such as Zarwanism, are other topics that the author refers to. The rules and regulations of Zoroastrians and the merits and demerits of this religion, which were mostly formulated during the Sassanid period, constitute the final contents of the book.
Zarathustra or Zoroaster was the prophet of ancient Iran who founded Mazdisna. He is also the poet of the Gathas, the oldest part of the Avesta. He was beaten and his birthplace was attributed to different regions such as Rey, Azerbaijan, Khorazm and Sistan.
The teachings of Zoroaster later merged with the indigenous beliefs of the Iranians, creating the present-day Mazdisnae, which has been the official religion of Iran for nearly five centuries. Zarathustra’s name is on the list of one hundred influential people in history compiled by Michael Hart. Today, Zoroastrianism has about 200,000 followers in Iran, India and some other parts of the world.
Excerpts from the book of Zoroaster, the prophet of ancient Iran
In the case of historical figures and figures, few can be found who, like Zarathustra, have an enigmatic and vague face. His true character is so dark and obscure that some scholars consider him the most controversial figure in history because there are so many differences and contradictions in both his date of birth and his place of birth that they can not be combined at all. And in his real character, there are different and contradictory topics, stories and sayings.
For this reason, a group of scholars and writers have doubts about the historical nature of his character, and his character, like a group of great men and heroes of ancient times, is considered a legend. But most scholars and scientists believe that Zarathustra has a historical existence and is not born of a Sassanid myth or birth.
Zarathustra or Zoroaster was the prophet of ancient Iran who founded Mazdisna. Like the Gatha poet, he is the oldest part of the Avesta. The exact time and place of his birth are not known, but speculations and documents date him to between 6,000 and 600 BC and attribute his birthplace to various regions such as Rey, Azerbaijan, Khorazm and Sistan.
The teachings of Zoroaster later merged with the indigenous beliefs of the Iranians, creating the present-day Mazdisnae, which has been the official religion of Iran for nearly five centuries. Zarathustra’s name is on a list of 100 influential people in history compiled by Michael Hart. Today, the religion of Zoroaster has about 200,000 followers in Iran, India and some other parts of the world.
The religion of Zoroaster is the name of the prophet and the name of the book
The revelation of Zoroaster is prophesied in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, but this trend is mentioned in the mythical part of the Shahnameh, not in its historical part. We find different religions.
Anyone who wants to research the religiosity of a religion should start with its most fundamental beliefs (theology, prophecy, and the scriptures) and then deal with moral, legal, personal, social, and the like, so we will inform you about We present the existing Zoroastrian religion: 1. According to the scholars of religious affairs, before the advent of Zoroastrianism, that is, before the reign of the Medes, the non-Aryan natives of Iran had a religion called the Moghan religion.
The word Magh (Magush) in the ancient Iranian language meant servant. The Moghans seem to have been natives of Iran and, like the Dravidians of India, surrendered their land to the Aryans after their arrival. The word al-magus, which refers to Zoroastrians in Arabic, is derived from the same word Magush. As the Aryans entered Iran several centuries later, the people gradually became urbanized, and this affected their worldview.
At that time a person arose and invited the Aryans to a new religion and overthrew the Moghan religion. This person who introduced himself as the messenger of God of goodness and enlightenment was called Zoroaster. He claimed to have received his religion from Ahura Mazda in order to cleanse the world of darkness and lead it to goodness and light. Therefore, the word Magus was not originally the name of the Zoroastrian religion, but the Magi religion existed before the Zoroastrian religion;
However, because the followers of the Magian religion converted to Zoroastrianism and the Magian religion was practically dissolved in the Zoroastrian religion, among the Arabs and in the narrations of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS), the Zoroastrian religion is also called the Magian religion. Of course, this religion has undergone many changes after Zoroaster. Some scholars have said: The word Zarathustra was given to a number of prophets before the advent of Zoroastrianism; But after the advent of the famous Zarathustra, this name became a science for him.
Today, Zoroastrians are called Gabr, Magi and Parsi. The word “Gabr” in the Syriac language means infidel and has been applied to them by others. Mazdisna literally means praise of Mazda. The story of Zoroaster: Scientists doubt the historical existence of Zoroaster, but most of them do not deny his existence.
Zoroaster, Zarathustra, Zarathustra, Zarathustra, Zoroastrianism and words like this come from the word “Zarathushtra” in the Gathas (part of the heavenly book of Zoroaster), which according to the more correct theory is equivalent to the yellow camel, meaning the holder of a yellow camel.
His father’s name was Purushsab, meaning the owner of an old horse, his mother’s name was Daghdo, meaning the milkman of a female cow, and his family name was Sepitmeh, meaning the white race. The famous Islamic historian Tabari and his followers know the origin of Zoroaster from Palestine and say that he came to Iran from there, but the correct and famous saying is that he was an Iranian and a native of Azerbaijan and his place of origin was a mountain near Lake Urmia. They know.
There is also disagreement about the time of Zoroaster and his time is even taken to 6000 BC. But according to popular theory, he was born in 660 BC and claimed to be a prophet in 630 BC (at the age of 30). It is said that he died in 583 BC. He was killed at the age of 77 in a fire temple in Balkh (Afghanistan) by an invading ethnic army.
The revelation of Zoroaster is prophesied in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, but this trend is mentioned in the mythical part of the Shahnameh, not in its historical part. We find different religions. Respect for fire as one of the manifestations of the god of light and keeping it lit and performing special ceremonies around it in temples called fire temple is the most distinctive feature of this religion.
Abadani, agriculture, animal husbandry and urbanization have also been praised. Respect for animals, especially dogs and cows, also has a special place in being kind to people. Some of the customs of the Iranian land, such as the Syrian Wednesday ceremony and swearing by the light of a lamp, and other things, are related to Zoroastrian teachings.
Also, some prisoners of the first centuries of Islam had Zoroastrian tendencies. Avesta is the heavenly book of Zoroastrians called Avesta, which means the basis and the text. This book is written in Avestan script and language which belongs to ancient Iran and is related to Pahlavi and Sanskrit languages.
According to many scholars, the Avestan script appeared in the Sassanid period (226-641 AD) and the Avesta, which was previously in the chests, was written in that script, and this is said to have been done after the advent of Islam. Zoroastrians and scholars agree that the Avesta was originally much larger, which some believe was written on 12,000 cowhides.
The present Avesta has 83,000 words, and its origin was probably 345,700 words (four times). The original Avesta was divided into 21 lines (book or section) and the current Avesta is 21 lines.
Avesta has 5 parts:
1. Yasna (meaning celebration and worship); Part of this part is called the Ghats (meaning hymn). This part, which includes prayers and religious teachings and the most famous part of Avesta, is attributed to Zoroaster himself, while other parts of Avesta are attributed to the leaders of Zoroastrian religion;
2. Vespard (meaning all rulers) includes prayer;
4. Yashtha (meaning prayer, hymn and glorification); The Avesta (Little Avesta) has a commentary on religious festivals and rituals and the designation of their hymns.
The Story of Creation and Dualism No one knows at what age the Zoroastrian tendency towards dual gods (God of Good and God of Evil or God of Light and God of Darkness) began. In the Gathas (from the Yasna of Avesta) which is attributed to Zoroaster himself, the devil lines up against the holy wisdom and not against Ahura Mazda, who is the one and only God of the lords of light and darkness.
Also, a group of Zoroastrians named Zarwanis emerged in the Sassanid era who believed in the one God called Zarwan and considered him superior to the god of light and darkness. This sect had many followers in Iran at that time.
In Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda has 6 assistants who are the angels of the Abrahamic religions. Those assistants are called Emshaspandan, meaning the Holy Immortals. They have a leader called Spentameneu, meaning holy wisdom, and their names are as follows: Vohuman; 2. اشه وهیشته (vahishta-Asha); 3. خشتر وائیریه (vairya-Xshathra); 4. Spanta Armaiti (armaiti-Spenta); 5. Haurvartat; 6. Ameretat, followed by the Yazidis, 30 of whom are famous. These are sacred micro-organizations. In contrast, the devil also has an organization.
According to Zoroastrianism, the current ancient world is 12,000 years old. The god of goodness ruled the world for 3,000 years, during which time the god of evil lived in darkness.
After this time, the evil god came out of the darkness and met the good god. The God of goodness gave him 9,000 years to confront him. He was confident that he would eventually win. At this time, both began to create good and evil, and thus began to fight with each other.
Zoroastrianism was created after 3000 years, and from this time on, the balance of power shifted in favor of the God of Goodness and continued its ascending course. One by one, these saviors will fill the world with justice. Hoshidar, 1000 years before Zoroaster; 2. Hoshidarmah, 2000 years after Zoroaster;
3. Sushyans (or Sushyants), 3000 years after Zoroaster, with whose appearance the world ends. Survival of the soul: Zoroastrians believe in the immortality of the soul. They say that the soul remains in the purgatory after leaving the body until the Day of Resurrection. They also believe in the path, the measure of deeds, heaven and hell.
The paradise of Zoroastrianism is something like the paradise of Islam, but because of the sanctity of fire, Zoroastrian hell is a very cold and dirty place where all kinds of animals torment sinners. India has migrated and now about one hundred and fifty thousand of them live there and are called Persians. About 50,000 of them live in Yazd, Kerman and Tehran.
(See: Introduction to Great Religions, Hossein Tawfiqi) 2. Research in the verses and narratives of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS): Allah Almighty in verse 17 Surah Hajj: “إنديده امنوا النوا and Haduvin and Al-Nasari and Al-Nasari and Almond and Al-Hadouh and Herkhouh Azadi إن الله اللحل إن العقله إن الله علاء العله ء شهید. Surely, those who believe, and the Jews, the Sabeans, the Christians, the Magi, and the polytheists, God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection;
God is Witness over all things (and knows all things). ”Many jurists and commentators, including Allama Tabatabai in Al-Mizan, have used this noble verse that the Magi are the People of the Book. It is also stated in the narrations of the Infallibles (AS) that the Magi had a divine prophet and a divine book; However, their religion has not remained in its originality. No word has been said.
However, it is narrated from Imam Sadiq (AS) that a person named Zarathustra claimed to be a prophet among the Magi and converted some to his religion, but others denied him and drove him out of the city and were eaten by wild beasts. .
“… Riga Fears Al-Fsatollah al-Fashwahi al-Farah al-Ahaza عِنْدِ اللّهِ فَأَنْكَرُوهُ وَحَحَدُوا كِتَابَهُ قَالَ وَنَ هْوَ؟ Own اننان عزمان أخرد بن سهان Beachal of the Arabia Abu Kan Nahani Nabi and Zemin Object Al-Nas Al-Fazhardeh?
Riggy Zorea Zorea Massimism and Claim Al-Nebule Fahan Manager and Gephenka of the Philosophy of Faye Fi. … [The questioner asked Imam Sadegh (AS)]: Ask the Magi if God sent them a prophet? Because I have found in them a strong book and eloquent sermons and clear examples, and also they believe in reward and punishment and have religious instructions and all of them follow it. Imam (AS) said: There is no nation unless there is a warner among them;
Among the Magi, a prophet was sent with a book, but both (that prophet and his book) were denied by the people. The questioner asked: Who was that prophet? Because people think he was Khalid bin Sinan.
Imam (AS) said: Khalid was a primitive Arabic, not a prophet, this is what people say. The questioner asked: Was that the prophet of Zoroaster? The Imam said: Zoroaster came to them with a whisper (an incomprehensible word) and claimed to be a prophet, a group believed in him, and a group denied him and drove him out of the city, where he became the food of desert predators. … »(الحتجاج على Ahl al-Lajaj, vol. 2, p. 346) Although this narration does not specify the prophethood or non-prophethood of Zarathustra, but it seems that the true prophet of the Magi of Zarathustra was not famous and Zarathustra was a liar. He claimed to be a prophet.
Evidence of this inference is the interpretation of “أَتَهُمْ بِزَمْزَمَةٍ وَتَدَعَى النُّبُوَّة” and “فَأَكَلَتْهُ السَّبَعُ”. When he first did not say, he was sent by God, but said he came to them, and secondly he said: He came to them with a whisper;
And whispers in the word say the incomprehensible hidden sound. While the prophets (AS) are always sent with clear and unambiguous words. Thirdly, he said: Zarathustra was eaten by predators. While according to some narrations, predators do not harm the saints (AS). As a result, the existing Zoroastrian religion, due to its skepticism about the historical existence of its founder (Zoroastrianism), its Bible (Avesta), and the distortion of its intellectual foundations, cannot be the religion of truth, although it has the benefit of truth. Marriage with an incestuous woman: Apparently, in the Zoroastrian religion itself, there is no marriage with an incestuous woman, but since the Sassanid period, marriage with an incestuous woman has been common among Zoroastrians.
As it has been said, this work was popularized by one of the kings of Iran and gradually spread to the Zoroastrian religion. There is no credible evidence that Cyrus was a Zoroastrian, just as there is no credible evidence that he is a Zoroastrian. The most important strong historical document that expresses the views of Cyrus, the Achaemenid king, is related to the charter of Cyrus.
In the following, we present the text of Cyrus’ charter to you: I am Cyrus, Shah Jahan, Shah Bozorg, Shah Dadgar, Shah Babylon, Shah Sumer and Akkad, Shah Chahargoshe Jahan, son of Cambyses, Shah Bozorg, Shah Anshan, grandson of Cyrus, Shah Bozorg , Shah Anshan, grandson of Chish Pish, the great king, Shah Anshan, from a dynasty that has always been a king and their rule is cherished by Bel (God) and Nabu Nabu and they want his kingdom with heartfelt joy. When I entered Babylon without a fight; All the people gladly accepted my steps. I sat on the throne of the kings of Babylon.
Marduk showed me the pure hearts of the people of Babylon … because I respected and cherished him. My large army slowly entered Babylon. I did not allow the people of this city and this land to suffer. The interior of Babylon and its holy places shook my heart … I worked for peace.
Do not let the helpless people enslave Babylon, something they did not deserve. I abolished slavery, I ended their misery. I commanded that all people should be free in the worship of their God and not need them, I commanded that no one should annihilate the people of the city, Marduk was pleased with my good deeds.
He blessed me, Cyrus, whom I admire, and my son Cambyses, as well as all my troops. We all happily praised his high position in peace and reconciliation. By the order of Marduk, all the kings of the kingdom are seated. All the kings of the lands, from the upper sea to the lower sea (Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf), all the people of the distant lands, all the Amur kings, all the nomads, paid tribute to me and kissed me in Babylon. From … to Assyria and Susa.
I rebuilt the cities of Agadeh, Eshnuna, Zamban, Meturnu, Deir ez-Zor, as well as the ruined cities across the Tigris. I ordered all the shrines that were closed to be opened.
I returned all the gods of these places of worship to their places. I restored all the people who were scattered and displaced, and rebuilt their ruined houses. Also, I returned the statue of the Sumerian and Akkadian gods, which Nabonidus had brought to Babylon without fear of the great god, to Marduk’s pleasure, with joy and rejoicing, in their own places of worship, so that hearts may rejoice.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat