Introducing the book of the Antichrist
The Antichrist is undoubtedly, as he says, a book to open our eyes, to see again, to read again, and in other words to re-evaluate all the values that we have considered to be true for many years!
Nietzsche finds a threat from Christianity … The threat that Nietzsche exalts in the face of the superhuman creates terror, and surrendering to it leads to the destruction of humanity! In his view, this ruin affects the human race;
Like Pascal – the French philosopher and mathematician – who believed that reason was corrupted by inherited sin. While Nietzsche thinks that Christianity has ruined him!
In his book The Antichrist, Nietzsche tries to make clear the premise of man’s alienation from the desires and facts of his life. He encourages man to evolve into a creative human being, in other words, into an ideal human being or “superhuman,” to build himself, to give nature, and to free himself from destruction.
Man needs insight and deeper eyes to achieve high human values, but modern man has realized the destruction and yet everything is the same as before!
The Antichrist must be read … he must live with a new attitude … time is the time to re-evaluate all values
Excerpts from the book of the Antichrist
They are the levers of power and they live free from sin, and committing sin is necessary for them … The highest principle in this regard is this: God forgives whoever atones. Simply put, it forgives one who surrenders to the priests.
1- That great lie about the immortality of the individual destroys every wisdom, every nature hidden in the instinct, and everything that is in a benevolent instinct, helping life and guaranteeing the future, has only raised doubts since then. .
Such a way of life that has no meaning becomes the meaning of life … What good is helping, thanking ancestors, cooperating, trusting and helping the common good and paying attention to what is useful?
2- Undoubtedly, if we could even temporarily look at all these false thinkers and saints, in the end, and precisely because I do not read any book without seeing those references, their work would be over … for I can not stand that particular state of open eyes. Fortunately, these books have purely literary value for most people. But you should not make a mistake. They say, “Do not judge!” But whoever opposes them will be sent to Hell.
Biography of Nietzsche, author of The Antichrist
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a great German philosopher, poet, cultural critic, composer, and classical philologist who was born on October 15, 1844, in the small town of R روcken in Leipzig, Prussia.
This day coincided with the forty-fifth birthday of the then King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV, which is why his father chose the name Friedrich Wilhelm for his first child. Nietzsche later deleted the middle part of Wilhelm’s name.
His parents, Karl Ludwig Nietzsche and Francesca Nietzsche, were married a year before Friedrich was born in 1843. They also had two other children, Elizabeth Forster and Ludwig Joseph.
His father and ancestors were priests, so he was raised in a completely religious and moral environment, and when he was four years old, he lost his father to a brain injury. Two years later, his brother, Ludwig Joseph, died.
Nietzsche then moved with his family to Naumburg. So much so that he hated the vicious children of the neighbors who emptied the birds’ nests, trampled the gardens, told childish lies, and in their games became soldiers and generals and fought.
His classmates called him a little priest and Jesus at the altar. He loved sitting in the corner and reading the Bible, and sometimes he sung so loudly that his own tears flowed. All of these can be attributed to the special upbringing of his childhood.
He first attended a private school. In 1854 he entered the famous Second High School in Naumburg. In later years, he was offered a world-renowned scholarship to Pforta School for his father’s service to the government.
Nietzsche at the University of Basel
In 1869, at the age of 24, Friedrich became the youngest person in the history of the University of Basel to enter the chair of classical philology. To this day, Nietzsche can still be found in the list of the youngest established professors of classical science.
He resigned from the University of Basel in 1879, suffering from a lifelong illness, and devoted the next decade of his life to completing the core of his earlier work. He saw his illness as a gift that gave birth to new ideas in him.
Nietzsche was interested in the daughter of a Russian general named Le Salome but did not marry.
The Greek philosopher completely lost his mental powers in 1889 at the age of 44 and suffered a complete mental collapse. He spent the remaining years of his life under the care of his mother and then his sister, Elizabeth Forster Nietzsche, and finally on August 25, 1900 Syphilis died.
After Nietzsche’s death, his sister Elizabeth Forster Nietzsche followed in his brother’s footsteps and edited his manuscripts.
Nietzsche questions Plato’s Absolute Truthfulness and denies the pursuit of goodness and Absolute Truth. He says that the search for its value has been more fundamental to man than the study of truth, and that metaphysicians have all sought to value conflicting concepts.
Nietzsche says that two contradictions must be doubted. In his view, the inaccuracy of a judgment does not cause us to reject it. He considers incorrect judgments necessary for human life and considers rejecting them to mean rejecting life. In his view, philosophy beyond good and evil is necessary.
He also believes that those who connect intuition with rational reason have gone astray. Nietzsche criticizes Kant and Spinoza, who sought to find moral foundations for their philosophy, and invalidated Spinoza’s teleology.
He says that one cannot make a moral principle for oneself from being in harmony with nature, because according to this philosopher, nature is cruel, so if one wants to live in accordance with nature, one must be cruel. Friedrich is strongly critical of Stoics who were strict in morals.
According to Nietzsche, the philosopher who seeks to create the world according to his imagination, wants everyone to believe in his philosophy, and this is the permissibility of tyranny over others.
According to him, philosophy is the will of power. Nietzsche first criticizes the views of Descartes, Schopenhauer, and Kant, and is considered a top critic of their ideas.
Nietzsche considers the world to be based on the will to power. He considers the most difficult and dangerous test to be avoiding all dependencies. In his view, good should not be universal, otherwise it is no longer good because public things have no value. The power that causes them to oppose nature so that nature ignores their existence.
When Nietzsche wept
When Nietzsche Wept is one of the most famous psychological novels written by Erwin Yalom in 1992 in English. Yalom Psychiatrist is a retired professor of psychiatry at Stanford University and the author of some of the most famous psychological novels.
This novel is a narrative of the imaginary meeting between Friedrich Nietzsche and Winnie the Pooh, a physician. The events of the novel take place when Nietzsche wept in 1882 in Vienna, Austria. In this educational novel, Ervin Yalom describes the common treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder that somehow affect the two main characters of the novel, but in the end, it is the existential method of psychotherapy and the doctor-patient relationship that the author of this book seeks to introduce. Is.
Nietzsche and Zoroaster
The book says that Zarathustra is the most important work of Nietzsche. This book has a philosophical and poetic story written by Nietzsche between 1883 and 1885. The main character of this philosophical novel is a person named Zarathustra, whose name is derived from the prophet Zarathustra. Nietzsche has expressed his views in this book in the language of this character.
Nietzsche and Islam
Some claim that Nietzsche was an anti-religious philosopher. Nietzsche and Islam by Roy Jackson suggest that caution be exercised in this view.
We must keep in mind that Nietzsche lived in the cultural context of the West and the Christian religion, and we can not ignore the great influence that the culture and intellectual context of society has on the views of each thinker, so it is better to consider Nietzsche’s views on religion in this context. Let’s study. Nietzsche’s views on religion are primarily concerned with Christianity. Jackson’s book also examines Islam from Nietzsche’s point of view.
The main structure of Nietzsche’s writings consists of philosophical debate, poetry, cultural criticism, and storytelling, as well as a wide range of art, lexicography, history, religion, and science. Of course, other topics such as ethics, aesthetics, tragedy, epistemology and self-awareness can be seen in his works.
Sunset of Bethany (1844)
Birth of Tragedy (1871)
The Will to Power (1872)
Untimely Reflections (1876)
Human, extra human (1879)
Happy Wisdom (1881)
Thus said Zarathustra (1884)
Beyond Good and Evil (1885)
Genealogy of Ethics (1887)
Now That Man (1888)
The story of Wagner (1888)
2- Introducing the book Antichrist in Aparat