The Poor is by Victor Hugo.
Few people are unfamiliar with this book. Les Misérables is a masterpiece by Victor Hugo, published in 1862. This novel is literally the perfect food for the human soul. A book that will undoubtedly be one of the most enduring novels you can read in your lifetime.
The book of the poor is narrated in the third person, in which the author pulls time back and forth and narrates various stories. It says everything you need to know about nineteenth-century France and is a historical, psychological, social, and romantic work. Victor Hugo has spent 17 years writing this outstanding work.
Husseinghli Mustaan, a translator, provides a biography of Hugo at the beginning of The Poor Man, as well as a brief introduction to his work. In the introduction, the translator wrote on the fifth edition:
Hugo’s poor will certainly never grow old and his importance and value will never diminish. This is one of the few books that, if thousands of violent storms and floods pass through schools and styles, they will remain steadfast and nothing will diminish their eternal greatness.
The translator also writes in the introduction of the first and second editions of the book of the poor:
The impact of this great masterpiece of literature and ethics on me was so strong and penetrating that I did not stop reading it all at once, and after a short time during which I never forgot my heart and soul, I resumed reading it, and not just all at once. The third time I read The Poor, the greed I felt for reading this book did not subside until I finally decided to translate it. , As an invaluable service to the world of knowledge and literature, I dedicate to the esteemed readers and dear compatriots.
As you read in the translator’s description, exactly one century has passed since he began translating the book of the poor. After the first and second editions of the book, the translator has edited the translation over and over again and, in his own words, revised and corrected it so that nothing of it would be incomprehensible to readers who are not very precise. But before dealing with the story of the book and introducing it, let me point out that do not doubt that the translation of this book is good.
At the time of translating the book, there were debates over its title, which Hosseinghli Mustaan explains in defense of this title:
I have spoken and written in defense of the poor, and I have proved that the word does not refer only to the beggar, the poor, and the miserable financially, but also to those who lack morals, piety, and other human virtues; And in Persian, no better word can be found for the poor, because this word, just like Mizrabel, refers to those who do not have moral and spiritual leaves and sounds.
The story of the book of the poor
The story of the novel begins with the life story of Monsieur Bevin Vano Mirill, the bishop of a religious city. The 75-year-old, whose kindness and kindness Victor Hugo writes about 100 pages. The bishop helps the poor in every way, the salary he receives from the government, the money for ceremonies and even his house for the poor.
Some of the virtues of this bishop are mentioned in the text of the book:
Anyone could call Monsieur Mirill at the bedside of the sick and the bereaved at any hour. He was not unaware that this was his highest duty and his greatest work. Homeless families, or orphans, did not need to wait for him to come. He arrived on time.
Wherever he appeared, it was like an Eid. The notion that there is something warm and radiant in it. Children and old people came to the doorsteps because of the bishop as if they had come for the sun. He prayed for good and people prayed for him. Everyone who needed something was shown their house.
Jean Valjean then enters the story. Someone who steals to feed his sister’s children. He steals only a loaf of bread but is sentenced to five years in prison. In prison, he tries to escape four times due to various events and circumstances, but each time he is arrested and his sentence is extended. Eventually, Jean Valjean spent 19 years in prison.
He is released from prison after 19 years. But this is just the beginning of his misery. When he is released, he is given a yellow card indicating that he is a criminal who has just been released from prison.
Meanwhile, Jean Valjean enters a city where Bishop Mirill. The first description of the situation of Jean Valjean in the book of the poor is as follows:
On one of the first days of October 1815, about an hour before sunset, a man traveling on foot entered a small religious town. The few inhabitants who were in front of their windows, or on the doorstep of their house at that moment, looked at this traveler with a kind of anxiety. It was difficult to see a passage with a more miserable appearance than this. He was a tall, four-shouldered, stocky, mature man. He might have been forty-six or forty-eight years old.
A hat with a downward-looking leather sunflower covers part of the face that has been burned by the sun and the wind and soaked by sweat. His shirt was made of a large yellow cross, tied around his neck with a small silver anchor, revealing his woolen chest.
He had a rope-shaped tie around his neck; Used blue linen pants, one knee white, the other knee hole; An old gray half-piece, torn, patched to an elbow with a green whip sewn with string; On the back of a military barracks, completely stacked, well blocked, and very new; On a large pollinated stick; Socks barefoot in soled shoes; The head is trimmed, and the beard is long.
Jean Valjean is looking for food and shelter in the city to spend the night. But no door is opened to him. He even knocks on the prison door again and asks to be arrested. Finally, the old woman shows him the bishop’s house.
Bishop Mirill welcomes Jean Valjean with open arms. Gives him food and room to rest. In contrast, Jean Valjean steals the bishop’s silverware and escapes. When he escapes, he is arrested and brought to the bishop. Meanwhile, the bishop tells the gendarmerie platoon that he himself has given the silverware to the man, where he also gives his candlesticks to Jean Valjean. Candlesticks that Jean Valjean will not leave for the rest of his life.
The bishop’s remarks to Jean Valjean during this meeting, as well as his subsequent encounter with Petit Joure, create a commotion within him:
Jean Valjean, my brother, you no longer belong to the bad, you belong to the good. This is your soul that I buy from you, free from black thoughts and its perishable essence, and dedicate it to God.
After this story, Victor Hugo leads the reader to a love story. The story in which Fantin enters the story. Fantin is pregnant with her love, but her love leaves her before it is raised. Cosette is the daughter of Fantin. A poor girl whom Fantin leaves with the Tenardie family to take care of. But Fantin has no idea how vile and dirty the Tenardians are.
The hateful works of the Tenardians are scattered throughout the book and always weigh on the soul of the reader. Victor Hugo explains the characters of the Tanadrians at the beginning of their introduction to the book:
The couple belonged to a bastard class, which is composed of successful, mischievous and shrewd bitter people, and is located between the so-called middle class and the so-called lower class. It has some shortcomings of the latter class and all the corruptions of the first class. Have the workers, or the decent order of the middle people. They were of a vicious nature who could easily become giants if their dark fire accidentally warmed them.
In the nature of this woman was the root of savagery and in the nature of this man, there was a begging tissue. Both were highly regarded for the ugly promotions that are possible in the bad direction. There is a kind of crab soul in the world, which is constantly regressing into darkness, and in the course of its life, without taking a step back, it is using experience to add to its ugliness, it is constantly using it, it is constantly getting worse and worse. They contaminate their foreheads with increasing blackness. This woman and this man were of this population.
The summary you read was only the beginning of the book of the poor. The events of this novel are very, very many and each of them is amazing in its own way. There are many events and descriptions in the novel that are both historical and narrated to make the story of the book more prominent.
Jawar, Marius, Madame and Monsieur Tenardier, Aponin and Petit Gavrosh are among the other important characters in The Poor Man.
The novel is written in five parts as follows:
The song of Plume Alley and the epic of St. Danny Alley
John Val John
It should be noted that the book of the poor is a two-volume book and there are various drawings of important events in the book.
Jean Valjean, the protagonist of The Poor Man, is a man who becomes a savage and ungrateful man in the abyss. The society is very strict towards him, who is a poor person, and considers severe punishment for him. His escape from prison is a sign of his protest against his conviction, but these protests only make things worse. But injustice still haunts Jean Valjean and will not leave him for the rest of his life. The yellow card, which is a sign of his conviction, causes him to be expelled from the society, and Jawar, the inspector who is looking for him all the time, does not leave him a comfortable moment.
19 years is a very, very long time for the human heart to grow darker and darker every day. But the power of the bishop’s love and faith dispels this darkness and leads Jean Valjean to the light. In order not to lose this light, Jean Valjean always keeps the candlesticks given to him by the bishop. These candlesticks can be seen in all the important moments of the book and are considered the spiritual guide of Jean Valjean.
The story of Fantin (Cosette’s mother) is also a tragedy in itself. The society’s treatment of a woman who has just lost her job is not acceptable at all, and this makes Fantin suffer a lot. And only for some money so that the Tenardians could take care of his daughter.
On the back cover of the book of the poor is written:
Morality, virtue, baseness, oppression, historical events; It is examined in depth, and Tanardier, Fantin, Marius, and the other protagonists of the book come together in a special order, creating a lasting effect. Although the poor are full of imaginative loves, the realistic manifestation of Victor Hugo’s contemporary life can be seen in it.
In The Poor Man, Victor Hugo critiques all the important concepts of nineteenth-century France, including injustice, poverty and misery, politics, morality and anti-morality, religion, etc., and tells a wonderful, hopeful, instructive, moral, sad, and humorous story. Is.
There is still not much to say about the goodness and greatness of this work. The poor must be read and its greatness touched. But we need to make a point about this book. As we have said before, the translation of this book is a good and fluent translation that may seem difficult at first, the text of the book, but as you go along, you fully communicate with it, but in the book, there are spelling and writing errors that cause It’s unfortunate. As an audience, I do not like this novel to make a single mistake.
Although in a novel of almost 2000 pages, 20 or 30 mistakes are not many, but I wish Amir Kabir Publishing would make an edit on this book and provide it to the audience without any defects.
From this unique work, many, many films, animations and theaters have been made and performed. Les Miserables 2012, starring Hugh Jackman, Russell Crowe and Ann Hathaway, has won three Academy Awards and is a spectacular work. See also.) But let me point out that the pleasure of reading a book is much, much greater than that.
Lastly, do not miss the opportunity to read this book in any way.
Excerpts from the text of the book of the poor
Never be afraid of thieves or murderers. These are external risks, small risks. Fear ourselves. Real thieves are our prejudices; The real killers are our wrongs. Big deadly inside. What matters is what threatens our heads, or our money bags! Let us think only of what threatens our souls.
On Sunday night, Mobo Isabu, a baker in Church Square in Faverwell, was getting ready to go to bed when he heard a loud bang on the glass-fronted iron in front of his shop. He reached behind the door in time and saw that one hand and arm had come in through a hole made in the iron door and on the glass. He picked up the bread and took it. Isabu came out in a hurry. The thief fled with all his might. Isabu ran after him and arrested him. The thief had thrown away the bread. But his hand was still bloody. This was Jean Valjean.
What a heavenly blessing to live with dignity!
The return of a thought to the brain can be prevented to such an extent that the return of seawater to the shore can be prevented. For the sailor, this is called the tide; For the sinner, it is called repentance. God awakens the soul like the ocean.
Cosette went up, down, sat, wiped, grabbed, walked, ran, breathed, breathed, moved heavy things, and, although very weak, did great and difficult things. There was no mercy for him; He had a cruel wife and a poisonous gentleman. The Tanardier nursery was a trap into which Cosette had fallen and trembled. The height of pressure had come true through this dreadful service. The baby was something like a fly in the service of spiders.
A little girl who does not have a doll is almost as miserable and generally still refuses to have a woman without a doll. So Cosette made a puppet sword.
The real victory of the human soul is thinking.
Give a creature what is useless, and what you need to get from it, you will have a lot.
The poverty of a young person is never a poverty. Whoever the young boy is, no matter how poor, with his health, with his strength, with his fast movement, with his bright eyes, with the warm blood that flows in his body, with his black hair, with his fresh cheeks, with his rosy lips, with his white teeth , With his healthy breathing, can always be missed by an old emperor.
Work is a great honor; A person who suffers from boredom as a torture; If you do not want to become a worker, you will become a slave. Work will never leave you on one side unless it grabs you on the other side; You do not want to be his friend, you will be his black slave.
My dear friends, today is tomorrow; You will not be there tomorrow. But they will be your families and what sufferings they will suffer!
But what revolution are we doing? I have just said, the revolution of truth. Politically, there is no other principle in the world, and that is man’s sovereignty over himself. This monarchy that I have over myself is called freedom.
Some people view the rules of honor as if one were looking at the stars, that is, from a great distance.
He saw two paths in front of him, both of which were equally straightforward. But the point was that you had two options; And this terrified him because he had never known anything but a straight line in his lifetime. Above all, what brought resentment to the forefront was that the two paths were contradictory. Choosing either of these two ways involved rejecting the other. Which of the two is true?
In my opinion, no one in the world is wise except a couple who love each other as much as they worship.
The ways of human destiny are not all straightforward; They do not expand directly into the street in front of their owner; They have dead ends, and twisted paths, and twists and turns of darkness, and anxious crossroads, from which several paths branch.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat