A tale of two cities


Title: The story of two cities

Author: Charles Dickens

Translator: Fereydoun Rezvanieh

Publisher: Secretary

Subject: English stories – 19th century

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 320

Language: Farsi



A tale of two cities (1859) is a novel by Charles Dickens that takes place in London and Paris, before and during the French Revolution.

With 200 million copies sold worldwide, the novel, along with The Little Prince (in French), is the best-selling single-volume book in the world of all time.

It is also the best-selling English-language one-volume book in the world and one of the most popular titles in fiction.

Charles Dickens is one of the most famous figures in British literature. The story of the two cities is named after Mesma and is a work in which the author will come into contact with European ideals in his own way.

Dickens’s other stories are all the story of a city, because Dickens was a cockney (London, urban), although today the title is unreasonably far removed from its original meaning and has found the meaning of Luti and the clumsy man.

The power of imagination, the delicacy of nature, the mastery of language and the variety of his new and creative works have made him one of the few people who deserves the title of genius.
Dickens achieved the fame and fortune he had always dreamed of in 1836 with the publication of the Peak and One series. Since then, his books have been published one after another with incredible speed.

The story of the two cities was first published in 1859.

This novel is different from Dickens’s other novels in many ways.

The story of this book takes place in the past and part of it takes place in another country – France; It is shorter than the author’s other novels and contains no mention of Dickens’s famous exaggerations;

In addition, it has a sad and dark atmosphere and there is not much humor in it. However, like all of Dickens’s works, it is rooted in the oppression and violence that pervades society.

Dickens’s life was changing. He divorced his wife in 1858 shortly before the novel was published as a footnote in a year-round magazine.
At the same time, he changed the publisher of his books. The great revolution that has taken place in all of the characters is in fact a reflection of the transformation of Dickens’s personal life.

According to some critics, the existence of two male heroes – Darney and Carton – indicates two dark and light sides of the author’s character. Interestingly, the cartoon character is much more memorable, and the sentences he says at the end of the book are some of the most famous English writings.

Overall, The Story of Two Cities is Dickens’s best novel. The characters of this story are formed and revealed not through dialogue but during the story. He himself was satisfied with the result of his work. “I was very excited and impressed the whole time I was writing this novel,” he told Wilkie Collins at the end of his book. “God knows I did my best.”

This book consists of three general chapters as follows:
Book One: Life Again

Book Two: The Golden String

Book Three: The Storm Path

Summary of the story book of two cities

Lucy is a young girl whose father was imprisoned as a political prisoner as a child, and her father’s close friend, Mr. Larry, who works at the Bank of France, took care of her until after the French Revolution. Lucy’s father keeps up when he is released from prison.

After that, Lucy searches for her father and finds him in a damp room in a small boarding house, and then they travel with his father to England, where they meet another political prisoner named “Charles Darney” …

Review of The Story of Two Cities by Charles Dickens
English literature always reminds us of characters like Oliver Twist, Fagin and David Copperfield, whose creation we owe to the great Charles Dickens with his powerful prose.

Most of Dickens’ surviving works are associated with theater and cinema, which has made his work more enduring.

Dickens’s work is full of moral teachings that make his books suitable for teenagers.

Dastando Shahriki is one of the writings of this English author in the genre of fiction that has been able to impress the adolescent audience beyond the place and time.

About the author of The Story of Two Cities: Charles Dickens; A writer from the heart of the community
Charles Dickens, the most prominent English novelist, was born in 1812.

He had a difficult childhood. His father was in Marshall Prison, and Charles had to work for Warren at a wax factory.

After his father returned and finished school, he went to London to work in a law firm, and seeing the bustle of the city, the dream of becoming a journalist came to him.

A dream that led him to become a public and parliamentary correspondent for a newspaper at the age of twenty.

Dickens, like other great writers such as George Elliott and Emile Zola, began his writing career as a journalist, and his experience working in this field led to a credible narrative of his work.

Dickens went so well as a journalist that he became the editor of Bentley Messilani and at the same time published the story of Oliver Twist.
During his travels to the United States, Italy, and France, he wrote “Notes from America” ​​and “Martin Charles Levitt,” “Dumbi and the Boy.”

He fell in love with a young girl named Maria Bidenl, whose family rejected Charles because of class differences. Inspired by this event, he later created David Copperfield’s love for Dora.

David Copperfield’s famous novel, published in 1850, is Dickens’s childhood story, the result of his many years of writing experience.

We see less social criticism in this work, and the main subject of the book is the life story of David Copperfield.

After the publication of David Copperfield, Charles founded his own magazine, Haushold Words, a magazine that reflected his ideas on humanity and justice.

He published his stories in this magazine.
Dickens moved to Tavistock House in the middle of the year, during which time he wrote The Law House and revived it with the publication of The Trouble in his magazine.

In the days when Dickens had become a celebrity, his marriage to Catherine, a woman disinterested in literature and disinterested in her work, led Dickens to decide to separate, while exposing his secret affair with English actor Allen Ternan. Impact.

Dickens published an article in the Time newspaper about Allen’s innocence, but this claim confirmed the rumors.

Simultaneously with the rumors that affected Dickens’s career, he founded another magazine called “Throughout the Year.”

A weekly that started with the story of two cities.
He also regained Dickens’s lost fame and popularity with the publication of the highly acclaimed sequel “Big Dreams” to the magazine.

Dickens suffered physical problems later in life that did not stop him from writing.

He continued to read books and travels to this end, and again traveled to the United States, where he died of a heart attack in June 1870.

George Orwell considers the English writer and critic Charles Dickens a theorist who discusses the situation of the middle class in England:

“Marxists call Dickens a Marxist, Catholics a Catholic, and both call him the hero of the proletariat or, as Chesterton calls it, the hero of the poor.”

A tale of two cities

Dickens’s worries stem from his harsh childhood tastes
Charles Dickens lived in the Victorian era – the nineteenth century England, the height of the Industrial Revolution in Britain.

Individualism in the modern world at the time meant that the rich did not see the problems that Dickens was writing about.

But he, who had touched on the economic and social conditions of the working class, used these personal experiences to write his works.

Charles Dickens did not forget his difficult childhood as he progressed financially. Rather, this childhood and working in the factory and seeing the hard life of the workers made him consider it his duty to write about the pain of the working class.

In creating his stories, he tried to raise serious and socially harmful issues in the context of a story that is attractive and engaging to the audience.
The characters in Dickens stories are always realistic and idealistic and come from the heart of society. They run into countless problems, but at the end of most of his work, the symbols of good prevail over evil.

In addition to writing, Charles Dickens had many social activities.

She worked for years to establish a home for vulnerable women, improve the condition of ragged schools, and abolish public executions.

And with the outbreak of cholera in the 1960s, he published articles in his journal to draw attention to public health.

With sales of 200 million copies in the world and the title of the best-selling single-volume books in the world in all eras, the two cities are considered to be the most famous English works.
In 1859, Dickens published The Tale of Two Cities for the first time in his journal.

This story has a sad and dark atmosphere that shows the changes in the author’s mood at the time of writing the story.

The time when Dickens was separated from his wife and public opinion judging him for this unusual act had a great impact on him.

The story of two cities in the form of films
The story of Two Cities quickly attracted the attention of many directors after its release, and this story has been the subject of many films since the time of silent cinema until today.

The first adaptation of the film dates back to 1911, which William J. Humphrey made in front of the camera in the form of a silent film. Five years later, Frank Lloyd made another silent version of the film, which made the story even more popular.

In 1935, Jack Conway made a feature film based on the story of the two cities of Dickens, starring Ronald Coleman.

And in the 1950s, a TV series based on this story was made and shown to make Dickens’s story world famous.

Part of the text of the story book of two cities
“It got darker, the trees that surrounded the old lord’s mansion and separated it from the surrounding area were swaying in the wind, as if in the dark, threatening a large, dark building.

Heavy rain falls on the two steps in front of the porch of the mansion, and you knock on the gate like an agile courier who wakes up the residents.

A rebellious wind blew into the hall, a hairdresser climbed the stairs, and disturbed the bed curtains of the latest brand.

From the east, west, north, and south, four cluttered bodies struggled to make their way through the woods to meet in the courtyard of the mansion, trampling on tall grass and breaking branches.

“For a moment, the four lights moved in four different directions, and it was dark again everywhere.”

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