Our inner conflicts


Title: Internal Contradiction; A constructive theory for mental moderation

Author: Karen Horne

Translator: Roghayeh Firoozi

Publisher: Superior Man

Subject: Nurses / Psychoanalysis

Age category: Adult

Number of pages: 169

Language: Farsi



Our inner conflicts; a constructive theory of neurosis is a work by Karen Horne, first published in 1945. In this book, Horne forms a dynamic theory of mental illness based on the “move forward”, “move against” and “move in the opposite direction” attitudes of others. Unlike Freud, Horne does not accept that mental illness is rooted in instinct.

“For the first time, this theory allows us to understand and resolve the desperation that comes from mental illness,” he says of his theory. Psychological conflicts cannot be resolved by rational decisions. “Rather, they are destroyed by changing the conditions within the personality that created them.”

Karen Horne, born September 16, 1885, died December 4, 1952, was a German psychoanalyst and writer, a follower of the Freudian school. Horne completed his medical and psychiatric studies in Germany.

He immigrated to the United States in 1932 and taught psychoanalysis as a university professor. Horney, with the help of some of his colleagues and students, set up an institute called the Horney Institute for Psychoanalysis in New York. His students now run the institute.

Excerpts from Karen Horne’s book Internal Contradiction

When man suppresses and obliterates the essential parts of his soul, that is, his real self, and stops him from growing, he remains largely alienated and unfamiliar with himself.
Of course, this process takes place gradually and without the explicit knowledge of the person himself. Gradually, one becomes stupid about what one really wants or does not want, about what one likes or dislikes, about one’s beliefs, about one’s feelings, and about what one really is.
He has no clear vision of anything. Without realizing it, he lives in a fantasy world. He is not very interested in his real life, because he is far from it.
Suppressing the desire for assertiveness, the desire for revenge, the desire for victory, the desire for ambition and progress, and the suppression of hegemonic tendencies in general, is another important task, and that is that the benevolent person succeeds through repression. Let him not see his inner contradictions and as a result show a kind of feeling of calmness, unity and superficial and artificial unity in the structure of his psychological existence.

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