The Future of an Illusion


Title: Essay and description of the future of a fantasy

Author: Sigmund Freud

Translator: Ebrahim Ranjbar, Ehsan Karimkhani

Publisher: Look

Subject: Psychoanalysis

Age category: All ages

Number of pages: 160

Language: Farsi



The book The Future of an Illusion is a work by Sigmund Freud, the father of world psychology, translated by Ebrahim Ranjbar and Ehsan Karimkhani. This work contains Freud’s views on religion, its various aspects, how it was formed, and so on.

About a book of treatises and a description of the future of a fantasy
Man can be called a storyteller. Maybe because he decides to make his own story for everything and has always found his way out of these stories.

Man is always striving to make more interesting and engaging stories, and these stories sometimes take on a religious flavor. In Sigmund Freud, in The Treatise and the Future Description of a Dream, he seeks to examine these imaginative and fictional Western notions of religious affairs.

The treatise and future description of a fantasy, in fact, expresses Sigmund Freud’s insights into the various aspects of the formation and spread of religion.

In order to be able to write this work, he has created an imaginary critic and the book has taken the form of conversation and dialogue. The critic may be considered a representative of society. However, Freud defines religion with the help of psychoanalytic principles, and in this definition, religion is a social phenomenon.

To whom do we recommend the book The Future of an Illusion?
The Thesis and Future Description of a Dream is a book for all those interested in the study of psychology and psychoanalysis. If you would like to get acquainted with Sigmund Freud’s views on religion, this book is a good choice for you.

About Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Schlomo Freud or Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, to a Jewish family in the Czech Republic. Sigmund Freud, a prominent Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, was a therapist in psychology. For all his services to psychology, he was given the title of father of psychology.

It is interesting to know that he loved literature and specialized in German, Italian, French, English, Spanish, Hebrew, Latin and Greek.
Freud read William Shakespeare’s works only in English during his lifetime, and some believe that his understanding of psychology goes back to reading Shakespeare’s plays.

However, Freud was able to use techniques such as the use of free association (a way in which the patient expresses everything that comes to mind) as well as the discovery of transmission (the process by which clients share their childhood memories with their therapist) and the process Provide an analysis of the science of psychology.

Freud was diagnosed with cancer at the end of his life and ended his life on September 23, 1939 by injecting certain doses of morphine.

Part of the book of The Future of an Illusion
What is the special value of religious ideas?

We have spoken of hostility to culture and see it as the result of the pressure that culture exerts; That is, the same demand to ignore instinct. If one thinks that the cultural barriers have been removed, perhaps everyone will put any woman he wants as his sexual object and kill any rival or anyone in the way of his love without hesitation, and take any money without the permission of its owner, and that the string of satisfaction What a sight to behold!

Yes, man will subsequently face the first difficulty; That is, everyone has exactly the same needs. Everyone wants to do whatever they want, like me.
In this way, in fact, only one person can be happy without any restrictions by removing the barriers of culture, such a person will be an authoritarian, powerful ruler, who has seized all the tools of power at once and therefore will wish others at least against the order. “Do not kill anyone.”

Nevertheless, how unjust and short-sighted is the thirst for subversion of culture! What remains after that is a natural state that will be harder to bear. It is true that nature does not ask for any limits to our instincts and allows us to do whatever we want, but it also has unique solutions to limit us.

Nature destroys us with the same coldness, cruelty and cruelty that appears. Probably because of the very things that make us happy.
It was certainly because of the dangers of nature that we came together and built culture, a culture that also made possible the rhythm of our collective life, because the basic task of civilization, that is, the reason for its existence, is to defend us against nature.

We all know that culture has handled this in many different ways and will certainly do better over time. Moreover, no one has the crude idea that nature has been defeated and shattered; Except for the brave ones who hope that nature will submit to man forever and completely. There are elements in nature that ridicule all forms of human domination; The earth trembles and entangles everything, subverting human life and works;

The water overflows and swallows everything in Hale’s drowning; Storms that take away everything in their path;
Patients we have just discovered are due to the attack of other organisms; And finally, the riddle of death, for which no cure has been found and probably will not be found. Nature, with the help of these forces, rises up against us, that indomitable hard-hearted force; Nature once again exposes the burden of our inability and destiny;

We think we have found a way out of culture. One of the few satisfying and desirable effects of man is when in the face of natural disasters, he forgets the incompatibility between culture and all his inner sufferings and animosities, and calls on that great public duty to protect himself against the dominant force of nature.

Life is difficult for the individual and for the human race in general. Whoever is a member of any culture, that culture imposes deprivations on him and others [for their part] cause him suffering;
Whether in accordance with the rules of culture or its shortcomings. In addition, there are wounds inflicted on him by rebellious nature, which man calls destiny. One probably thinks that such a situation will turn his anxious expectation into a steady state and inflict a deep wound on his innate narcissism.

We already know how a person reacts to the damage caused by culture and other people; Accordingly, he resists and opposes the rules of culture as much as he should. But how can one resist the dominant force of nature and destiny, which, like others, is a threat to him?

His culture, as well as others, saves him from this difficult task; It must be said that there is almost no culture that does not do this.
Culture does not hesitate in defending man, although it pursues it by other means. This is a multiple task. A person seeks peace when his self-esteem is seriously threatened; Life and the world must be free from the horrors of those threats; Moreover, man’s strongest practical interests both arouse his curiosity and demand an answer.

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