Kafka’s Short Stories is a collection of short stories written by one of Europe’s greatest writers, Franz Kafka, first published in 1946. In his profound and mysterious short stories, Kafka offers an eerie vision of a world in which people grapple with guilt, alienation, and anxiety in a fruitless quest for happiness.
Albert Camus believes that Kafka’s art lies in forcing the audience to re-read his stories, and this makes Kafka’s short story books one of the most enduring literary works in the world. Kafka is one of the best writers for those audiences who like to challenge their philosophical ideas and worldview.
Kafka is one of the giants of world literature, and anyone who has little to do with the world of literature has heard of him and may have a brief acquaintance with him.
Kafka has 40 complete works, many short writings, notes, letters and three large semi-finished works (Trial – Palace – Kafka).
He died in 1924 at the age of forty of laryngeal tuberculosis at a hospital in Vienna.
Kafka did not publish much during his lifetime and was almost anonymous, in addition to instructing his friend and guardian Max Brod (author) to burn all surviving works. But Broud ignored this will, and after Kafka’s death, seeing his notes and writings, he realized their greatness and set out to publish them, thus introducing to the world, probably the greatest German-language writer of the twentieth century.
Kafka is a strange writer, with a special style and thoughts that he cultivates in his own space and moves his characters in a “Kafkaesque” world.
He did not have a good life, he almost did not enjoy love – family life and personal independence. She lived in her parents’ house until she was 30 and was in their shadow. A housewife, a commoner and Mehran who did not have the power to understand the boy, and a businessman and bully father who despised the boy.
Kafka could not communicate with them and was suffering from this. Of course, he had a very sensitive spirit and everything bothered him. He was lonely, mentally exhausted and physically ill. The disease did not leave him, the work and family situation added to these pressures and further submerged him.
And he did not know a better remedy than literature to get rid of these pressures. He wrote to be released. Literally the only force within him was literature.
Of course, literature was not something he imagined and used to dream; Rather, writing was an effort mixed with despair that was used to digest the effects of everyday life. People, laughter, ridicule, bites and sarcasm, affections, strangers, and even friends and acquaintances were somehow annoying. Everyday life for Kafka was a nightmare he experienced in waking, and writing was the only way to escape those nightmares.
And here one can find the roots and origins of the strange and special atmosphere of his works, his sensitive spirits and social pressures forced him to create his own world.
The world that Kafka created is a fascinating, deep, sometimes humorous, and sometimes sad world that is not easy for any audience to relate to, and often evokes the dull atmosphere of his work. But Kafka’s world may seem soulless and black, but when you look at it, you will find the opposite.
Almost all of Kafka’s works have been translated into Persian. Our suggestion for his works of fiction is a collection published by Mahi Publishing, edited and translated by Ali Asghar Haddad, and includes all of his fiction: Kafka’s short stories, The Trial, The Palace, America.
The stories told in Paduk are selected from Kafka’s collection of short stories.
The story, which critics say is rooted in Kafka’s relationship to his father and family and was written late in life, is published in twenty sentences with a 1936 first-person narrator by Max Brod.
Paul is one of Kafka’s profound and eloquent stories, written in 1916, but this story was also published after his death in 2012 in the collection The Great Wall of China by Max Broad. Many interpretations of the story have been made, adaptations of the play have been written, articles have been written and animations have been produced, and many audio narratives can be found. A story in three paragraphs with a first-person narrator.
Excerpts from Kafka’s short story book (text pleasure)
During the conversation, the scavenger listened intently as he turned his gaze alternately between me and the master. I realized that he understood everything. He got up in the air, tilted his head back to accelerate as much as possible, then plunged his beak like a skilled spearman from his mouth to the depths of my being.
So I fell and at the same time I was liberated, I felt that in my blood, the blood that accumulated every depth and covered every beach, was drowned with no hope of salvation.
I was a hard and cold bridge, wide over a precipice. I had my feet on the ground and my hands on the ground, my claws on the crisp mud to stay afloat. My skirt twists on both sides by the wind. Deep in the abyss, the cold water of a roaring trout stream flowed.
No traveler got lost in those impassable heights. Such a bridge had not yet been mapped. So, wide on the precipice, I was waiting, I had to wait. No bridge can end its existence without collapsing.
There must be no tangible reason for such instabilities; In today’s volatile environment, a void, a state of mind, often works; Then a nonsense, a word can put the whole thing back together.
But meeting “N” is a bit cumbersome, he is an old man who has been suffering a lot lately, and although he is still in charge of business, he rarely comes to the shop; You have to go home to meet him and he does not mind delaying this kind of deal as much as possible.
Who was Franz Kafka?
Franz Kafka is a famous German writer born in 1883 in Prague, Czech Republic. Franz Kafka is best known in Iran for his absurdist and sometimes existentialist writings. Another reason for his fame in Iran has been his influence on Iranian writers such as Sadegh Hedayat.
Biography of Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka Franz Kafka was born on January 3, 1883, to a German-speaking family in Prague, Czech Republic. He is undoubtedly the greatest Czech writer whose books have had a profound impact on Western literature. Franz was born into a Jewish family and was the eldest child in the family. A tyrannical father and a fanatical mother created a terrifying environment for him in the family.
As a child, Kafka was always afraid of his powerful and hard-hearted father, which he always had with him, and he considers it a reason for his imperfection: “When he was a little boy. He asked for a glass of water in bed. His quick-witted father pulled him out of bed, threw him on the balcony, and left him to freeze in his pajamas there in the morning.
Kafka wrote that after that I obeyed, but I was badly hurt from within. For years after this nightmare, I suffered when my father – this giant man of absolute power – came and pulled me out of bed at night for no reason and threw me on the balcony. “It means I am nothing to him.”
Kafka suffered from a number of illnesses, including major depression and anxiety, and eventually died of tuberculosis at the age of 40. Almost all of his novels are incomplete, and the only long story he has completed is “Metamorphosis.” Before his death, Kafka asked his close friend Max Brod to burn all his works, but fortunately Max did not do so and donated his books to the world. “Broad” made many attempts to put together scattered fragments of Kafka’s writings and to present the stories of the book in the most complete way possible.
Franz Kafka’s education and the beginning of writing
After graduating, Kafka first chose to study chemistry at university, but quickly turned it into law because it gave him enough time to take classes in German literature and art, and because of the better future of law. , Could obtain his father’s consent.
He eventually graduated with a doctorate in law from the university. From now on, Kafka would choose any job solely to make a living, and then pursue his interest in writing.
Kafka met Max Broad during college, and the friendship remained intimate for the rest of Kafka’s life. It was at Max Broad’s house that Kafka met Felice Boer, and a romantic relationship developed between them. For five years Kafka wrote beautiful letters to Phyllis, which were later published.
Max Broad was a friend and guardian of Franz Kafka. He writes of the writers who influenced Kafka: “Kafka was influenced by two books throughout his life, the first being Tonio Krueger by Thomas Mann and the second by Fear and Laser by Soren Kierkegaard.”
Franz Kafka’s writing style
One of the most interesting things about Franz Kafka’s work is that he wrote all his works to his father. He has tried to express his repressed emotions in his books. Kafka’s pen is unparalleled in describing events and helplessness, he usually puts a character in a real space in his books, but strange things happen to that character and Kafka shows the character in the face of this feeling.
Works of Franz Kafka
Kafka’s short stories
Letter to the father
Why is Kafka not “popular” among his countrymen?
Although Franz Kafka is today one of the most famous and undoubtedly influential writers of the twentieth century, some critics believe that this powerful writer is not so famous in his own country, Germany.
One of the reasons Kafka is unpopular with his countrymen is simply that his works have not been published in Germany for a long time, and so people have heard less of Kafka’s name than his contemporaries. This is why this author gained fame in Germany between the last 60 to 70 years.
“One of the reasons is that so far no one has been able to interpret Kafka’s works correctly,” writes Dr. Josef Chermak, a prominent Kafka-based Republican scholar of skepticism about Kafka’s unpopularity. To date, dozens of commentaries have been written on the books “Trial”, “Palace”, etc., but none of them are definitive, because Kafka’s works are vague and multifaceted. “This feature keeps his works alive.”
Beautiful sentences of Franz Kafka
Shelters are innumerable and salvation is one, but the ways to attain salvation are as numerous as shelters.
Have you really experienced the joy of being alone, walking alone, lying alone in the sun? What a delight it is for a tormented being, for a heart and a head! You understand what I mean! Have you ever walked a long distance alone? The ability to enjoy it implies a great deal of past misery as well as past pleasures. I was very lonely when I was a boy, but they were more by force than by my own choice, but now I rush to solitude, just as rivers rush to the sea.
You can not escape from yourself. This is destiny. All you have to do is look, and forget that you are a toy.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat