The grapes of wrath is a fascinating and readable novel by American author John Steinbeck. The novel is about a period in American history when famine and mechanization displaced thousands of families, and the story of the book is the story of one of these families.
John Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962 for his work, and in particular for his two books, Clusters of Anger and Mice and Men.
The Nobel Institute has written about him and his works:
Because of the illustrations and realism of his writings, and the combination of sympathetic humor and sensitive social perception.
John Steinbeck was born in 1902 in California. After studying at Stanford University, he worked for a time as a simple laborer, pharmacist, fruit picker and
He was working. The novel The grapes of wrath was published in 1939 and is now one of the forty classic works of the twentieth century.
Steinbeck also won a Pulitzer Prize for his writing of the novel.
The events of the book take place in the 1930s, the years following the American economic crisis.
Introducing two more books by John Steinbeck:
The book of mice and humans
The book of the moon is hidden
Summary of the book The grapes of wrath
This novel is about the hard life of American workers who are migrating in search of a better life.
The main story of the novel is about the family of roads, but in short chapters, the general life of migrant workers is examined.
The grapes of wrath begin with a description of severe storms.
Storms that destroy farms and bury crops under the sand. Products on which the lives of many people depend.
With the loss of crops, many families are unable to pay their debts to the bank, as a result of which the bank takes over their lands and forces everyone to leave their homes.
The bank wants to cultivate the land in new ways using modern machinery such as tractors, and no longer needs locals who only know how to use a plow.
The wind intensified; It slipped under the rocks, taking straw blades, dead leaves and even small clumps of soil with it, affecting its passage through the fields.
The red sun can be seen through the air and sky. There was a biting bitterness in the air.
One night the wind blew through the door and the plain, slowing down under the mulch around the small roots of the corn, and the corn stood with its lifeless leaves until the roots surrendered, then each stalk bent sideways and turned in the direction of the wind.
Next, the main character of the book, Tom Jad, enters the story.
After years of being away from his family, Tom now returns to them, but when he gets home, there is no one to greet him.
All his family members have left and Tom sees some friends and realizes that his family has been forced to emigrate.
They no longer have land and have been forced to move to California to get work. Fortunately, they are not too far away and Tom joins them shortly after.
The main story of the book is the story of this family’s long trip to California.
Roads have seen advertisements that need workers in California, so they sold their lives in Oklahoma and bought a truck with some of the money they earned to travel to California.
Tom joins them, and the family’s ups and downs begin their journey to the land of hope. A journey that in no way proceeds as they had anticipated.
When the truck was loaded with heavy furniture, beds and mattresses and all sorts of movable items for sale, Tom was wandering in their property.
He wandered in the empty barn and barn, then went under the canopies in which the furniture had already been gathered.
Without thinking, he trampled on the remaining fragments, and pushed the sickle aside with a broken toothed foot.
About the novel Clusters of Anger by John Steinbeck
The Book of Clusters of Anger, despite its bitterness, is an important, informative, and highly readable book that you will no doubt not get tired of reading.
Personally, as I read the book Clusters of Anger, I was reminded of Bukowski, who said, “What humiliation must a human being endure in order to be able to poison a morsel of food and leave his heap of death somewhere.”
And really, what humiliations the road families did not accept. From the very beginning of the book, they expel them from their land.
From the fields in which generations worked and cultivated with love and affection, and through which they fed themselves.
It was so hard to get rid of this land that the grandfather of the family died shortly after leaving their land.
The grapes of wrath are about poor people who have nothing but hope.
In the most difficult situations, they try to please their hearts with things that do not even exist, but they know that if they lose hope, they will be destroyed, and perhaps during the novel, members of this family will give up hope of continuing.
This novel is written in condemnation of injustice. A very widespread injustice that has been experienced by about two hundred thousand people.
Injustice against immigrants who were forced to emigrate out of compulsion and misery. Those who were expelled from their lands and humiliated and rejected in the new lands.
There are different characters in the book, but there are two much more characters. One of these characters is the mother of the family, which I believe is also a strong point of the novel.
What gave me the energy not to give up this bitter book, the strong and ironic character of the mother of the family is constantly trying to make up for all the shortcomings and not allow family members to separate.
Someone who, if it were not for him, would have suffered tenfold. Another notable character in this novel is Tom. A family-friendly person who is also a seeker of justice.
Tom tries his best to serve the family, to keep them out of the fringes and trouble, but when he faces injustice, he loses control and erupts.
Read the clusters of anger and see what misfortunes befall them when people do not cooperate and are not together.
See what responsibility people have towards society. Read this book to see how hardships reveal the true face of people.
This introduction is based on the 18th edition of the book, which was published in 2013.
The translation of the book was good and fluent, but the book needs serious editing to be flawless. We hope that the book has been published without any problems in the new editions.
Sentences from the text of anger clusters
These creatures can not breathe air and eat meat. They benefit from breathing and eating usury.
Without them they will die, just as you die without air and flesh; It is very unfortunate. But this is what it is; That’s what it is. (Clusters of Anger – Page 59)
A person gets used to wherever he is and it is difficult for him to leave. The way of thinking gets used to after a while and it is difficult to change it. I’m no longer a priest, but I’m all praying without realizing it. (Clusters of Anger – Page 91)
How do we know ourselves if we lose the past? (Clusters of Anger – Page 158)
I learned something in prison that I want to tell you, one should never think about the day he is released.
This is what drives a person crazy. You have to think about today and then tomorrow. This is what should be done.
This is what experienced people do. Newcomers bang their heads against the wall and ask how long we have to stay. Why do you think of a day that has not yet come? (Clusters of Anger – Page 161)
I know it’s not their fault. Everyone I talked to had to go their own way for a thousand and one reasons, but I ask you where the work of this country is going. I want to know this.
Where do we find out? No one can make a living anymore, no one can make a living by cultivating the land. I’m asking you this, where does this end up? (Clusters of Anger – Page 220)
Immigrant cars crawled along the corridors, reaching the highway, and heading west on the main road.
Dawn cars flew west like bedbugs. And it came to pass in the daytime, that the darkness overtook them, and they were gathered together, and rolled together in the corners of the pond.
The immigrants felt lost and shattered, because they all came from where poverty and sorrow ruled – where they had endured the humiliation of defeat – and because they all came to a new and wonderful country, they gathered together. They talked to each other, sharing their lives, their food, and what they expected from the new land. (Clusters of Anger – Page 343)
How can you scare someone whose stomach is screaming with hunger and whose children’s intestines are twisted from not eating? Nothing can scare him anymore. He has seen the worst fears. (Clusters of Anger – Page 422)
Man has sinned when he believes he is a sinner. (Clusters of Anger – Page 476)
The homeless and the immigrants were living in tents. The west of the valley was the journey of families, families who had hitherto been scattered on plots of land, and their whole being was spread over forty acres of land;
Families who, more or less, made a living from these lands. And they were wandering in search of work following the events. (Clusters of Anger – Page 501)
Every day one learns new things, but one thing I know well is that when one is in need, or is in trouble and misery and sorrow, one should take the pain to the poor. These are the ones who help you, just these. (Clusters of Anger – Page 673)
About John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born in 1902 in California.
He did not have a university education, and from a young age he was influenced by their work and his connection with the lower strata of society, and began to write.
John Steinbeck wrote The Clusters of Anger at the age of 37, inspired by the hard life of Oklahoma farmers, inspired by a poem written 80 years ago by a 40-year-old woman named Julia Ward Ho.
The poem was written to describe American soldiers heading south for war. The book Clusters of Anger was a work that caused a great deal of controversy in the United States after its publication and had many opponents and supporters.
Steinbeck’s outspokenness and pragmatic description of the current state of the House and Walt Street community alarmed him, and the book was banned from sale in some states.
But fortunately for the author, when he came to the book Clusters of Anger a year after the Pulitzer Prize was announced; People around the world turned their attention to the famous American author John Steinbeck.
Steinbeck became so famous that even 20 years after the book was published, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962 for his book Clusters of Anger.
Among the works of John Steinbeck can be found in the books “East of Heaven”, “Pearl”, “Mercenary”, “To an Unknown God”, “Canning Order”, “Red Horse”, “Burning Fire”, “Long Live Zapata” (Screenplay) ) Cited.
John Steinbeck’s writing style in The Clusters of Anger
John Steinbeck is one of the writers who was skilled in expressing and cultivating labor literature.
He narrated well the conditions of the people who struggled in the state of their society.
In The grapes of wrath, Steinbeck narrates a realistic picture of the recession of the 1930s, a critical period in American history, in a simple storyline.
In The grapes of wrath, he portrays from a third-person (omniscient) perspective the relations between the poor and the capitalists, human relations, the impact of agricultural industrialization on workers’ lives, hope against injustice, and, in essence, the social crises of society.
“In writing this book, I have done my best to tear the reader’s nerves and mind,” John Steinbeck said in a note after the publication of Clusters of Anger.
Steinbeck’s language in the book Clusters of Anger is the language of criticism. A critique of anger in which one can find hope and dream.
He describes in detail the hardships such as hunger, bad weather, etc. that the “Jude” family encounters on their way, and in various parts of the story, he constantly points out the sad fact that the great suffering of the immigrants is not It is because of the bad weather or exploitation, but also because of the inhuman behaviors that people have with greed for their compatriots.
John Steinbeck describes the historical, social, and economic situation of the people, who are divided into classes of rich and poor or landowners and workers.
In The grapes of wrath, Steinbeck outlines a brief history of past America and its impact on the 20th century.
The new industry and the use of tractors on agricultural land is one of the important issues for workers in this book.
The greed of rich landowners is evident to the reader from the first chapter of the novel to its end.
The greed that shows that even with the industrialization and mechanization of agriculture in the United States, people are doing any dirty work to make more profit and wealth.
In the story of Clusters of Anger, Steinbeck constantly emphasizes interest and altruism towards powers.
For example, in Chapters 13 and 15, Steinbeck describes greed and generosity as two human contradictions.
In the thirteenth season, when Tom gets involved in a gas station, people treat him with insults and violence, and shortly after, his dog is killed on the road, which is a heartbreaking scene and heralds another tragedy.
But in the next few pages of the story, we see the kindness and kindness of “Mayi”, a waitress who sells bread and sweets to a man because of the reduced price.
Describing manifestations of selfishness and altruism in the novel Clusters of Anger is a kind of trick of the author so that the story does not seem black and bitter to the reader.
In his novel, Steinbeck makes a subtle connection between self-esteem and anger.
As long as people feel injustice and anger towards earthlings and selfish people, they will never lose their dignity.
This concept is further reinforced in the final chapters of the book.
Excerpts from the book Clusters of Anger (text pleasure)
And astonishment is read in the eyes, and anger begins to shine in the eyes of the hungry. Clusters of anger swell in the souls of the people and announce the coming Chinese cluster.
A family that has left the country. The father of the family has borrowed money from the bank. And now the bank wants the land.
When the bank acquires the lands, it takes the name of a real estate company and wants a tractor for the lands, not the family […]
But this tractor does two things: the ground turns us around and drives us out. There is not much difference between this tractor and the tank. Both drive people out, terrified and injured. This is what we need to think about.
And be afraid of when the strikes stop while the big landlords are alive, because any small strike that breaks is a sign that a step is about to be taken.
And you can know this too. Fear when humanity refuses to suffer, to die for the thought.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat