“Why Iran Backward and the West Moved” is a book by Dr. Kazem Alamdari that analyzes this issue both historically and sociologically. “Kazem Alamdari”‘s approach in this analysis is to address the intellectual, religious, climatic, cultural, political and social factors that in any given historical period, caused the progress or inhibition of the development of the country.
In this regard, the author first examines the issue of backwardness and growth from the perspective of theorists and then considers the internal causes apart from the role of external and external causes.
Each of the thirteen chapters of the book “Why Iran fell behind and the West moved forward” examines different topics with the field of comparison and argument, and after the explanation and definition given in the first chapter about what development is, it is the turn of civilization to grow. Ancient as well as the reasons for its fall.
The fourth and fifth chapters of this work deal with the situation of feudalism in Iran and the reasons for its lack of growth. After examining the growth of contemporary Western civilization, the reasons for the lack of development of capitalism in Iran are explained, and then the question is answered as to whether the backwardness of Iranian society is due to the advent of Islam and why the Arabs came to Iran. کردن.
Another important factor in the growth and backwardness of any land is the discussion of thought, the factors of its growth and decline in Iran have been studied and the relationship between the growth of science and the progress of societies has also been studied. In the final chapter of the book “Why Iran fell behind and the West moved forward” by “Kazem Alamdari”, a periodical of the history of Islam in Iran and the world is made and the book ends with this article.
Dr. Kazem Alamdari (born in Damavand) is a writer, sociologist and current professor at California State University. He has authored five books in Persian and English and published more than a hundred articles on terrorism, political economy, the role of religions in the development of society, and social movements.
Why Iran Backward and the West Progressed begins with the concept of “development” and critiques its applications. He then explores the various theories of the causes of Iran’s backwardness in recent centuries and compares it to the growth of Iran in ancient civilizations. The next chapter examines the fall of the West and the growth of Iran and then the reversal of this process and considers the lack of comprehensive philosophy in Iran as one of its factors.
He also considers religious, superstitious, traditional approach and attention to the past without looking to the future along with socialist and feudalist ideas as other factors behind Iran’s backwardness and the progress of the West, each of which has been well studied. Why Iran lagged behind and the West moved forward is one of the best analytical books in this field.
Excerpts from the book
Unlike ancient Rome and Greece, where trade was a major aspect of the economy and was a sign of the progress of society, in Iran, agriculture was praised and trade was condemned.
In lands where agricultural production required the provision of collective water, private property did not grow … Therefore, the state organization and its supporting power also entered the field of agricultural production. So that agriculture would not have been possible without the cooperation of the government and the organization of the labor force to supply water. Thus, instead of the growth of private property, collective and state ownership grew and the authoritarian state was formed.
Nearly two centuries have passed since the growth of contemporary Western civilization, and we have not yet been able to find a way to overcome our historical and natural problems. Some of these problems have been in the form and content of the struggle between modernity and traditionalism from constitutionalism to the present day. In Europe, three centuries before the advent of modern civilization, in the twelfth century, English feudal lords defined their status with the king and the church and established a parliament to control the power of both. Seven centuries later, parliament in Iran was shut down by order of Mohammad Ali Mirza.
1- Introducing the book on YouTube
2- Introducing the book in Aparat
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