Human, All Too Human


Title: Displaced and His Shadows

Author: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Translator: Zahra Aloushi

Publisher: Nik Farjam

Subject: German philosophy

Age category: Adult

Number of pages: 208

Language: Farsi



The book “Human, All Too Human” is a work by “Friedrich Nietzsche” which “Saeed Firoozabadi” has translated into Persian. This work was first published in 1879 as a supplement to the book “Human, Extremely Human”, and later published independently.

“If all goes well, there will come a time when one will use the memorials of Socrates instead of the Bible as a guide to morality and wisdom.”
“Never give in to regret, say to yourself at once: Repentance means some kind of justification for the first foolish act.”

The Displaced and His Shadow: And the Different Thoughts (a book for free spirits) (German: Menschliches, Allzumenschliches: Ein Buch für freie Geister) is a book by the nineteenth-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1878. Is.
In 1876, Nietzsche broke away from Wagner, and in the same year his growing health (possibly the initial effects of a brain tumor) forced him to take leave of his academic duties at the University of Basel. In the fall of 1876, he joined his friend Paul Ray in Sorrento, at the home of a wealthy art sponsor, Malvida von Masonbug, and began work on the book.

The genre of this treatise was well known at the time of writing: In the German tradition, Nietzsche’s most important predecessor was the Enlightenment figure Georg Georg Lichtenberg, whose writings were highly admired by Nietzsche.
Nietzsche’s work is also indebted to Schopenhauer, especially his corrections for practical wisdom (1851).

Sentences from the text of the displaced book and its shadow
1- And the priests and … of any size, whether large or thin, accept the child who always speaks of something completely different: the healing of the soul, the service of the government and the desire for knowledge, or the dignity and property, such as A tool to serve all of humanity. While the needs of each individual, his big and small needs during the twenty-four hours of the day and night, in their opinion is a matter of food or on the other hand …

2- I have just smelled how badly I fold with you, my dear shadow: I have not yet uttered a word of how happy I am to hear you and not just see you. You will find that I love the shadow, just as the light is so necessary for the beauty of the face, the clarity of the words, the goodness and the steadfastness of character, that the light is not these two enemies, but they hold each other in love. As soon as the light disappears, the shadow behind it disappears.
About Friedrich Nietzsche The displaced writer and his shadow
The philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and classical German philologist Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a great German poet whose works have had a profound impact on Western philosophy and the history of modern thought.

He was born on October 15, 1844, in the small town of Roken in Leipzig, Prussia. Nietzsche lost his father, a priest, as a child. As a result, she grew up in a feminine environment with her mother and sister Elizabeth. It is said that this was one of the reasons for Nietzsche’s later problems with women, as he had a considerable knowledge of women’s behavior and this made women afraid of Nietzsche.
Nietzsche is mentioned as one of the three thinkers who changed the history of modern thought, and many postmodern theorists describe him as a key and influential thinker in their thought. Nietzsche was one of the first critics of modernity in the nineteenth century.

Modernity was defended by many thinkers in the nineteenth century. Although Nietzsche’s thought has a modern aspect, he himself realized that modernity suffers from a series of internal contradictions, and for this reason he criticized modernity. Some have called him “modern anti-modern.”
In 1885, Nietzsche, in his famous work Thus Said Zarathustra, created a figure called Zarathustra, who spoke out against Nietzsche’s own ideas against slave-slave morality, which Nietzsche saw as the moral system used in the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and other religions. It becomes. Nietzsche says that Zarathustra was the first moralist and that he created and revealed it. And you say that it is only in his teachings that is truly the highest attribute.
The main structure of Nietzsche’s writings consists of philosophical, poetic, cultural, and storytelling debates, as well as a wide range of art, lexicography, history, religion, and science.
His writings, while full of short sentences and irony, include many other topics such as ethics, aesthetics, tragedy, epistemology, atheism and self-awareness.

The main foundations of his philosophy are sharp criticisms against the absolute truth in defense of landscapeism, the idea of ​​”Apollonius and Dionysus”, genealogical critiques of Christian religion and ethics and his theory in this regard entitled “master-slave ethics”, aesthetic affirmation of existence and existence In response to the phenomenon of the “death of God” and the deep crisis of nothingness, and the definition of the human subject as the manifestation of conflicting and in-conflict wills, collectively known as the “will of power.”

In his later works, Nietzsche introduced influential concepts such as “super-man” and “eternal return” and increasingly engaged with the creative powers of the individual as a force to overcome social, cultural and moral presuppositions and to achieve new values ​​and aesthetic health. He pondered over them.
Excerpts from the book Displaced and His Shadow

Shadows: Of course, shadows are more shy than humans; You can not understand anyone, how we talked to each other! Displaced: How did we talk to each other? God bless you for your brilliant written conversations! If Plato enjoyed less weaving, his readers would enjoy Plato more.

The conversation that actually puts a finger in our mouth, as soon as it turns into writing and is read, is a set of drawings with clearly false shadows: everything is either too long or too short. – But I might say, why did we make it together? Shadow: Because I’m happy; Because everyone only knows your beliefs in this: Shadow reminds no one! Displaced: Maybe online my friend! So far, in my opinion, more than me, they have found the shadow of MP. Shadow: Realizing shadow over light? Is it possible?
Earth fragility and its causes. – When we look around, we always come across people who have eaten eggs all their lives, regardless of the fact that the most oval things are the most delicious things!

Those who do not know that air is also necessary for the lower body, that pleasant smells in bright and cold air have the greatest effect, that our sense of taste is not the same in different parts of the mouth and talking or listening carefully when eating hurts the stomach. رساند. We will not go into these examples for the sake of observation.

We must even admit that many secondary matters have been looked upon very badly and seldom observed. And is this disregard for them? One thinks that almost all the physical and spiritual fragility of each individual is branched out from this deficiency.

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