Also Speach Zarathustra is the most important and famous work of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche. The main character of this philosophical novel is a person named “Zarathustra”, whose name is taken from the prophet Zarathustra. In this book, Nietzsche expresses his ideas in the language of this character.
Zoroaster (Also Speach Zarathustra), Nietzsche’s most important work, contains theories such as “Superman”, “Death of God” and “Eternal Return” in their most complete form and in the most positive sense.
Zarathustra, after ten years of solitude in the Alps, feels that he wants to taste the nectar of his wisdom to the people, so he descends to the city; But people do not listen to the voice of inspiration, because they pay no attention except to applause for a prisoner’s games and laugh at his words that they do not understand.
Zoroaster must therefore choose an apostle who can address his “discourses” which are an insult to ancient ideals and are in the style of ancient scriptures such as the Avesta and the Bible.
The first speech is an allegory entitled “Three Metamorphoses” in which one can understand how the human soul evolves, from obedience represented by the symbol of the camel to intense denial represented by the symbol of the lion, and the mere acknowledgment that the child is the embodiment of it. .
The following discourses deal with a wide variety of topics: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche with the weakness of the souls of the few who take refuge in the quiet slumber of morality; With metaphysics, which invalidates the world by preaching abstraction; With the rigidity of a cultural book that is too deep in itself; With the austerity that makes man think of death;
With the cult of statehood that suffocates human beings by turning them into slaves of an impersonal system; And finally he struggles with the vulgarity of thought. Other discourses, on the contrary, contain provocative affirmations: one praises war as the stimulus of human energy;
The other sees the most beautiful form of friendship in the duality of personality, which is the fruit of solitude and reflection; The other, in the face of abstract values, shows the value of life that has its purpose; And finally, in the last speech, he teaches the abundant generosity of healthy virtue that he likes to bestow on himself.
Also Speach Zarathustra
Considering the many writings that the geniuses of the world have written about Nietzsche, it is clear that some of them consider him a bewildered and astonished figure, and others believe that beyond every sentence of his words there are deep meanings that are beyond penetrating wisdom and sharp minds. They do not go into the depths of it, but they all tell the same story that he is a powerful thinker who seeks the truth after everything, even the principles he believes in.
In a part of the book, Zarathustra says:
Because he reached the city gate. He saw the gravediggers who had a light in their way because they recognized Zarathustra so that they could make fun of him and said: O Zarathustra, have a happy heart. That you have become a gravedigger. Because you have a dead dog on your shoulder. You deserve a good job; Because our hands are clean enough to be contaminated with his corpse.
O Zarathustra, as if you want to take his morsel from the devil, he wrote! And be victorious! But the devil is more cunning than you. Maybe he will take both of you and make a morsel for you, and then they will shake their heads and laugh [hahaha].
In an excerpt from the book we read:
“When Zarathustra reached the age of thirty, he left his birthplace and lake and turned to the mountains, and lived there for ten whole years, storing his luggage in solitude and thinking. But eventually his inner self changed. One morning, he got up and stood in front of the sun and told him the following secret:
O big star! If you were not the ones on whom you cast the light, how would you be pleased? You have been lighting light on my cave for ten years now, but if it were not for me and the eagle and the snake, the glory of Anwar would diminish and you would turn this movement slowly.
But in the morning we waited for you to come out, so that we might enjoy your grace and thank you for repaying it.
Riedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a great German philosopher, poet, cultural critic, composer, and classical philologist, born October 15, 1844, in R روcken, Leipzig, Prussia. The book was written about Nietzsche when he cried.
Also Speach Zarathustra
Nietzsche wrote works such as The Sunset of the Idols, such as Zoroaster and beyond the good and the bad, and left a profound influence on Western philosophy and the history of modern thought.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a great German philosopher, poet, cultural critic, composer, and classical philologist who was born on October 15, 1844, in the small town of R روcken in Leipzig, Prussia. This day coincided with the forty-fifth birthday of the then King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV, which is why his father chose the name Friedrich Wilhelm for his first child. Nietzsche later deleted the middle part of Wilhelm’s name.
His parents, Karl Ludwig Nietzsche and Francesca Nietzsche, were married a year before Friedrich was born in 1843. They also had two other children, Elizabeth Forster and Ludwig Joseph. His father and ancestors were priests, so he was raised in a completely religious and moral environment, and when he was four years old, he lost his father to a brain injury. Two years later, his brother, Ludwig Joseph, died.
Nietzsche then moved with his family to Naumburg. So much so that he hated the vicious children of the neighbors who emptied the birds’ nests, trampled the gardens, told childish lies, and in their games became soldiers and generals and fought. His classmates called him a little priest and Jesus at the altar. He loved sitting in the corner and reading the Bible, and sometimes he sung so loudly that his own tears flowed. All of these can be attributed to the special upbringing of his childhood.
He first attended a private school. In 1854 he entered the famous Second High School in Naumburg. In later years, he was offered a world-renowned scholarship to Pferta School for his father’s service to the government.
Nietzsche at the University of Basel
In 1869, at the age of 24, Friedrich became the youngest person in the history of the University of Basel to enter the chair of classical philology. To this day, Nietzsche can still be found in the list of the youngest established professors of classical science.
He resigned from the University of Basel in 1879, suffering from a lifelong illness, and devoted the next decade of his life to completing the core of his earlier work. He saw his illness as a gift that gave birth to new ideas in him.
Nietzsche was interested in the daughter of a Russian general named Le Salome but did not marry.
The Greek philosopher completely lost his mental powers in 1889 at the age of 44 and suffered a complete mental collapse. He spent the remaining years of his life under the care of his mother and then his sister, Elizabeth Forster Nietzsche, and finally on August 25, 1900 Syphilis died. After Nietzsche’s death, his sister Elizabeth Forster Nietzsche followed in his brother’s footsteps and edited his manuscripts.
Nietzsche questions Plato’s Absolute Truthfulness and denies the pursuit of goodness and Absolute Truth. He says that the search for its value has been more fundamental to man than the study of truth, and that metaphysicians have all sought to value conflicting concepts. Nietzsche says that two contradictions must be doubted. In his view, the inaccuracy of a judgment does not cause us to reject it. He considers incorrect judgments necessary for human life and considers rejecting them to mean rejecting life. In his view, philosophy beyond good and evil is necessary.
He also believes that those who connect intuition with rational reason have gone astray. Nietzsche criticizes Kant and Spinoza, who sought to find moral foundations for their philosophy, and invalidated Spinoza’s teleology.
He says that one cannot make a moral principle for oneself from being in harmony with nature, because according to this philosopher, nature is cruel, so if one wants to live in accordance with nature, one must be cruel. Friedrich is strongly critical of Stoics who were strict in morals.
According to Nietzsche, the philosopher who seeks to create the world according to his imagination, wants everyone to believe in his philosophy, and this is the permissibility of tyranny over others. According to him, philosophy is the will of power. Nietzsche first criticizes the views of Descartes, Schopenhauer, and Kant, and is considered a top critic of their ideas.
Nietzsche considers the world to be based on the will to power. He considers the most difficult and dangerous test to be avoiding all dependencies. In his view, good should not be universal, otherwise it is no longer good because public things have no value. The power that causes them to oppose nature so that nature ignores their existence.
When Nietzsche wept
When Nietzsche Wept is one of the most famous psychological novels written by Erwin Yalom in 1992 in English. Yalom Psychiatrist is a retired professor of psychiatry at Stanford University and the author of some of the most famous psychological novels.
This novel is a narrative of the imaginary meeting between Friedrich Nietzsche and Winnie the Pooh, a physician. The events of the novel take place when Nietzsche wept in 1882 in Vienna, Austria. In this educational novel, Ervin Yalom describes the common treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder that somehow affect the two main characters of the novel, but in the end, it is the existential method of psychotherapy and the doctor-patient relationship that the author of this book seeks to introduce. Is.
Nietzsche and Zoroaster
The book says that Zarathustra is the most important work of Nietzsche. This book has a philosophical and poetic story written by Nietzsche between 1883 and 1885. The main character of this philosophical novel is a person named Zarathustra, whose name is derived from the prophet Zarathustra. Nietzsche has expressed his views in this book in the language of this character.
Nietzsche and Islam
Some claim that Nietzsche was an anti-religious philosopher. Nietzsche and Islam by Roy Jackson suggest that caution be exercised in this view.
We must keep in mind that Nietzsche lived in the cultural context of the West and the Christian religion, and we can not ignore the great influence that the culture and intellectual context of society has on the views of each thinker, so it is better to consider Nietzsche’s views on religion in this context. Let’s study. Nietzsche’s views on religion are primarily concerned with Christianity. Jackson’s book also examines Islam from Nietzsche’s point of view.
The main structure of Nietzsche’s writings consists of philosophical debate, poetry, cultural criticism, and storytelling, as well as a wide range of art, lexicography, history, religion, and science. Of course, other topics such as ethics, aesthetics, tragedy, epistemology and self-awareness can be seen in his works.
Sunset of Bethany (1844)
Birth of Tragedy (1871)
The Will to Power (1872)
Untimely Reflections (1876)
Human, extra human (1879)
Happy Wisdom (1881)
Thus said Zarathustra (1884)
Beyond Good and Evil (1885)
Genealogy of Ethics (1887)
Now That Man (1888)
The story of Wagner (1888)
2- Introducing the book Also Speach Zarathustra in Aparat