Oliver Twist is the story of the plight of English orphanages. A story told by the protagonist of Dickens’s ups and downs.
Introducing Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens
It is a bit difficult for readers to read the classic stories of world literature. Especially stories that they have heard about many times or seen movies and theater about. But the texts of classical literature will be like a storytelling class for those who are interested in literary works. Charles Dickens is one of the most prolific and well-known authors of world classical literature, whose works have been reprinted many times in Iran.
Oliver Twist: An Immortal Boy in World Literature
Oliver is a hero and an orphan boy who, after being sold by an orphanage to an old coffin maker, decides to run away from the city and go to London. On the way, he meets a robber boy who works for Fagin. He is an old Jewish man who trains street orphans for pickpocketing and theft.
Oliver is eventually arrested in one of the innocent street robberies. But his plaintiff is a kind and wise man named Mr. Brownella. He takes Oliver home as his son and decides to take care of him. But since luck is not to be with Oliver, he is kidnapped at home by thieves and used for a grand theft. The thieves are led by a vicious person named Bill Sykes.
Oliver is shot in the robbery, but is cared for by the landlord he and his accomplices tried to steal from. But this is not the end of Oliver’s stories, and after the head of a man who claims to be his brother is found, your story enters another stage.
Oliver Twist adaptations in cinema and theater
Many screenplays and plays have been adapted from the story of Oliver Twist Charles Dickens, some of which are considered successful and some of which are considered superficial. The first adaptation of Charles Dickens’s book was released in 1907 as a short, silent film.
In 1922, Frank Lloyd made a film of the same name starring Jackie Cogan. Prominent British director David Lane in 1948 directed a successful adaptation of Oliver Twist. The film was nominated for Best Picture at the prestigious BAFTA Film Festival, but the award went to “Fallen Idol.”
The best cinematic adaptation of this book to date is the work of the famous Polish director Roman Polanski. In 2005, Polanski directed Oliver Twist, starring Barney Clark and Ben Kingsley, and was critically acclaimed by the New York Times, Variety and the Los Angeles Times.
Two years ago in Iran, a musical theater directed by “Hossein Parsai” was staged by Dickens with Oliver Twist and starring actors such as “Mahnaz Afshar”, “Attila Pesyani”, “Saeed Changizian” and “Houtan Shakiba”.
Charles Dickens; The classic narrator of reality
Charles Dickens, originally named Charles John Hoffham Dickens, was born on February 7, 1812 in Landport. He was the second son of John Dickens, a naval officer. Charles’s father was a gambler and his foot was thrown into prison. That’s why his mother sent 12-year-old Dickens to a vaccination factory to pay for the house. Dickens was forced to work in the factory until his father was released from prison, until he was able to return to school and continue his education after his father returned home. After graduating from high school, Charles Dickens worked in a lawyer’s office. It was during these years that he became interested in writing, and in order to be able to work in this field, he went to the city newspaper office and applied for a job. He later worked in the newspaper office.
In the same days, Dickens showed his talent for summarizing to the owners of the newspaper, and in March 1832, at the age of twenty, he became the newspaper’s public and parliamentary correspondent. Dickens fell in love with a girl named Maria Bidnell at the age of seventeen. But Maria’s parents did not recognize her from their social class and prevented the two from marrying. Dickens once again experienced a sense of foresight in middle age, which he again failed to achieve.
He later reflected these experiences on the character of David Copperfield and his love for a girl named Dora.
In 1833, Dickens’s first fiction book was published. Of course, Dickens’s early texts had more of a schematic atmosphere, and they can hardly be considered a complete story. Charles Dickens finally fell in love with her in early 1836 and married Catherine Hogarth. In the same year, he signed a contract for the sequel, which later became known as the Pickwick Letters. He had shown his life to the author, and Dickens became the editor of an official magazine in London during those years, and his name was heard as a writer in small literary circles.
By appearing in literary circles, writing became more serious for Dickens, who wrote the original sketch for The Story of Mr. Humphrey, and later used the same sketch to publish the long story The Antique Chi Shop.
He left for America in 1842. Dickens was a well-known writer during these years, and his fans in the United States warmly welcomed him. The result of this trip for Dickens was “notes from America” in which he reflected the sweet and bitter memories of this trip.
It was during a trip to Italy that the idea of ”ringing the bells” came to him. Dickens wrote “Dummy and the Boy” in Paris and Lausanne, and after writing the famous novel by David Copperfield, he started his own magazine, Haushold Holdings.
“Christmas Hymn”, “Hard Times”, “Martin Chozlovit’s Life and Adventures”, “David Copperfield”, “Sad House”, “Hard Times”, “Big Wishes”, “Stories of Two Cities” and “Our Common Friend” are just a few It’s a little bit of Charles Dickens’s book.
In the days when Dickens was writing “Big Wishes” he crashed into a train. He did not pay much attention to the doctors’ advice to spend the rest period and gradually became slightly paralyzed. Dickens finally died suddenly of a heart attack at the age of fifty-eight.
Oliver Twist book published in Iran
Oliver Twist, which may be written as Oliver Twist or Oliver Twist, has been published many times by various translators and publishers. In 1999, the Persian translation of the book was translated by Mohsen Farzad and published by Ofogh Publishing. Mohsen Farzad has been collaborating with Ofogh Publishing for many years in the field of translating classic stories for teenagers. The castes of “Finsel the Prophet”, “Around the World in Eighty Days” and “Kent Monte Cristo” are among the best-selling translations of Mohsen Farzad.
Ofogh Publishing has been active in the production, publication and distribution of books for twenty-seven years, especially in the field of children and adolescent literature, and has published more than 1,500 books for different age groups.
This publication is one of the few pioneers and proponents of copyright in Iran and one of the founders and members of the Cultural Association of Iranian Children’s Book Publishers. Ofogh Publishing, in collaboration with writers and translators, has collaborated with the Roudaki Institute for the Blind and has published more than 150 titles of books for adults, children and adolescents with a special line for the blind (Braille) and made available to the library of this institute. Is.
After Oliver Twist’s first translation; The translation of “Mohammad Qesa” was published by “Shahr Ghalam Publications” in 2015. In 2016, Reza Mortazavi published another translation of Oliver Twist’s book into Persian, which was published with illustrations by Dan Andrians. “Mehran Mahboubi” also translated Oliver Twist into Persian for “Abshan Publications” in 2016.
We read parts of Oliver Twist’s story
Oliver had been lying by the water for a while. As dawn broke, the air became colder and fog spread everywhere. Unfortunately, it started to rain, but Oliver could not feel it even though it was wet. Finally he regained consciousness and cried out in pain. The shawl wrapped around his hand was drenched in blood. He did not have the trachea to get up and sit down. Trembling with cold and fatigue, he tried to get up once or twice. He felt that he would die if he stayed there.
Eventually, he fell and got up on the road. Heavy rain woke him and he saw a house nearby. When he went home carelessly, he recognized it. It was the same house they had gone to the night before to steal. He wanted to escape, but could not. Now, where could he go?
In part of Oliver Twist’s book you read:
The next morning Oliver woke up and there was no sound in the house. He just waited in his room for Fagin. In the evening of the same day, Fagin returned home with a pair of sturdy shoes.
“Wear this, dear Oliver.” You have to go all the way. Bill is working on a series. “Nancy will take you back there.”
Nancy came home a little later and took Oliver with her. They crossed several dark alleys and reached a house in Betten Green. “Keep quiet so you don’t get in trouble,” Nancy said. Bill is not like Fagin. He hits you every time he gets angry with you. “I will help you soon, but I can not do anything right now.”
When they got home, Bill Sykes was waiting for them. He pulled Oliver towards him and showed him the gun.
“I loaded the gun and will bring it with me tomorrow. Every move you make, I’ll shoot you.
“Nancy bring us our food, we have to get up early tomorrow morning.”
The next morning, while it was still dark, they were eating breakfast. Bill told Nancy not to leave the house and wait with the dog. When they left the house, a strong wind blew. They were on the move all day and reached Shepperton around sunset. Oliver was quite tired. There they reached the old houses and entered the house. Bill Sykes said loudly:
“We have arrived, Toby. I brought one of the Fagin kids we talked about. “Bring us something to eat.”
Index of the book
About the book
About the author
Chapter One: Birth and Childhood
Fagin House Chapter 2: A New Era in Oliver’s Life
Oliver’s new friend
Chapter Three: Monks
Chapter Four: The London Bridge
The fate of the killer
end of work
2- Introducing the book in Aparat