Huckleberry Finn’s story has been called Mark Twain’s masterpiece. The book was written by the author in 1876 and ended in 1883. This novel, like Tom Sawyer’s Adventures, is written for children and teenagers, but no one will regret it.
Mark Twain is the pseudonym of the author Samuel Clemens, who is considered by many to be the most famous American literary figure and the first representative of the American masses to reach the rank of “great writer.” This clumsy man with a long mustache had a happy childhood exactly like the story of Tom Sawyer. (Tom Sawyer is also featured in some sections of this book.) Mark Twain wrote important novels and books, but critics consider his best work to be the story of Huckleberry Finn, a book for which the adventures of Tom Sawyer can be taken as a prelude. That’s why we suggest you read The Adventures of Tom Sawyer first, which is also an amazing book.
Note that most of the main characters in this book are created in the book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, but if you start reading Huckleberry Finn’s story right away, you will not have a problem. However, we suggest that you read Tom Sawyer’s Adventures first to better understand the characters and what they do.
Although Ernest Hemingway is not satisfied with the ending of the book, he writes about this novel:
All American literature today is based on a book called The Story of Huckleberry Finn. This is our best book. All American works originate from this book. There was nothing before and nothing good came after that.
Huckleberry Finn’s biography
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is one of the best books anyone can read. The present novel begins exactly where Tom Sawyer’s adventures ended. So here we briefly refer to the end of the previous book and define how the story of “Hack” and his adventures were formed. But first, it might be a good idea to review the book’s opening sentences. Huckleberry Finn writes at the beginning of his story:
You do not know me, unless you have read The Story of Tom Sawyer, but no problem. That book was written by Mr. Mark Twain, and most of it was true. He had done some things, but most of them were right. There is nothing wrong with that. Everyone I see has ever lied, except for Aunt Polly, or the widow of two glasses, or maybe even Marie. Aunt Polly – that is, Aunt Tom, of course – and Mary and the widow of two glasses are all quoted in that book, which, as I said, is true, but in some places it is written by the author Chakhan. (The Story of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain – Page 35)
The story of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer ended in such a way that Hack and Tom had made a lot of money, and Hack had gone to the widow of two glasses to be “educated” and become a respectable and respectable person. He must leave that life free and unconditional, go to school and church, eat at a certain time, pray, and generally lead a lawful life. But hacking can not easily cope with this lifestyle.
The widow of two glasses took me to her child and said that she was raising me, but living in her house was a reward, because the widow was so honorable and all her work was in order. When I saw that I could not stand it anymore, I left. I put on the same torn dress again and put the same straw hat on my head and I was happy. (The Story of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain – Page 35)
But he could not go like that. To go means to leave Tom Sawr and separate from all the games and plots they had devised to create a gang of thieves. Hack Finn, therefore, continued to live this life in an orderly manner until his father’s head was found, which was a perpetual intoxication. The father, who also smelled money, separated the hack from this civilized life and created difficult conditions for him. Circumstances that eventually led Hack Finn to design his escape plan. It was time to give up everything in life.
Hack plotted to kill the bandits in the hut and then dump his body in the Mississippi River. A perfect plan that relieved him of his constantly drunken and angry father. He also did not have to return to the widow of two glasses. This is where Jim, a black and Ferrari slave, encounters a hacked fin. Jim is a slave to Miss Watson and the hacker knows her. From now on, the fate of the two is intertwined.
Hack Finn is naturally a lively and evil boy who is a fan of “adventure”. The same kind of adventures they had with Tom Sawyer. But the story is different for Jim. He is a runaway slave who does not expect anything good if he is arrested. So when Hack Finn, for example, tried to board a wrecked ship so that he might find something as valuable as a cigar in the captain’s room, he did not receive much support from Jim.
So the new plan was for them to move to slave-free states so that Jim could work and free his wife and children. But for now, they have to cross the river and reach the end of the state. The two travel on a raft on the river and what happens to them is the main story of Huckleberry Finn. Therefore, this book is also considered as a kind of travelogue.
About Mark Twain’s book
The book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was written in the third person. The author did not allow any of the children to start telling stories and talking about their adventures. But in the book The Story of Huckleberry Finn, the author allows hacking. This is perhaps the most important and obvious difference between the two books. Just imagine if the author allowed Tom Sawyer to tell the story! In that case, we would probably be dealing with a multi-volume novel.
Tom was another adventurous and incredibly imaginative kid who designed great games based on the books he read and with his high intelligence he collaborated with other kids. But Huckleberry Finn was a poor kid who just loved adventure, so he always played the role of a good soldier in front of Commander Tom Sawyer. In the present book, whenever Tom Sawyer enters the story, he immediately gets the lead role and the hack is somehow pushed to the side of the story.
But in the absence of Tom Sawyer, Hack Finn takes on the lead role as a simple, chivalrous kid, telling the reader about his own adventures of a different color and flavor. The issues of this book are no longer so prevalent in the childish world, and more serious issues such as racism, fraud and theft, oppression and the struggle for freedom can be seen throughout the book.
Huckleberry Finn, however, is a gentleman whose lifestyle does not recognize rules and planning. He likes to be free and soon sees Jim’s problems as his own. He does not have racist feelings, or if he does, he is simply influenced by the behavior of others, to which he does not pay much attention. For example, where a hacker touches a black slave, he then suffers a severe pang of conscience. Conscience hacking is one of the most important issues in the book. In a part of the book we read:
It took me fifteen minutes to convince myself to go and apologize to a black man. But I did, and I never regretted it after that. (The Story of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain – Page 131)
But one of the most important and serious parts of the story is that Huckleberry Finn, contrary to the teachings and behaviors he saw from others, decides to support the black Jim and save him. The decision to hack is after a hard and exhausting internal conflict, on one side of which is helping Jim and on the other side is an ugly act, a rebellion against society and even going to hell.
I thought of traveling on the river. Jim was in front of me all the time: day and night, sometimes in the moonlight, sometimes in the storm; We just walked on the water and talked and sang and laughed. But it was as if I did not catch anything that would stone my heart and take it away from Jim; On the contrary, I remembered Jim. (Huckleberry Finn’s biography by Mark Twain – page 288)
In general, I liked the book very much, but I suggest that you do not neglect the book of other adventures in any way. If you read these two books together, it will undoubtedly stay in your mind forever. The intimate atmosphere and playfulness of Tom Sawyer was much more fun than the story of Huckleberry Finn, but this book deals with more serious and important issues and can be considered an example of an American book.
Najaf Daryabandari, who has provided an excellent translation of the book, has also written a detailed and serious introduction to the book, which puts all its issues (especially the conclusion of the book) under a magnifying glass. In part of this introduction we read:
Today, a hundred years later, Huckleberry is perhaps the only book that “intellectuals” and “ordinary” readers agree on: it is praised by both TS Elliott and the boy who has just learned to read. He enjoys it.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat