the gambler


Title: Gambler

Author: Fyodor Dostoevsky

Translator: Jalal Al-Ahmad

Publisher: Atisa

Subject: Russian stories – 19th century

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 200

Language: Farsi



the gambler rewritten by Fyodor Dostoevsky was first published in 1866.

In this work, the author has tried to describe the bitter experience that happened to him during his stay abroad;

An experience that was based on his love of gambling and caused him to lose money and return to Russia in debt.

Dostoevsky wrote the novel under certain circumstances, and critics consider it a kind of biography.

The story is told by a young Russian teacher named Alexei Ivanovich, who works for a Russian general.

They lived for a time in the city of Roltenburg, where the gambling city is known as “Roulette”.
The general has lost all his wealth and owes a large sum of money to a French man (Marquis de Grieve), waiting for his aunt to die in order to inherit his wealth.

The Frenchman also seems to be in a relationship with the general’s daughter (Polina Alexandrona), and the young teacher, who is a simple, optimistic, yet eloquent young man, loves the general’s daughter, Paulina.

To the extent that he is willing to do anything for her, he is even willing to commit suicide.

Polina is one of the key characters in The Gambler. He has mysterious and strange relationships with different people in the book, and in the meantime, most of all, he touches this young teacher and uses him to his advantage.

He gives her money to gamble and provides her with the money she needs, and the young teacher’s gambling starts from here and he loses his property in the process.
Alex is not the only one who gambles in this story. The general’s aunt, who is a very rich woman, comes to see them from Moscow. She is tempted to gamble, and she loses all her wealth by gambling.

An aunt whose whole family had sharpened her teeth for her share of the inheritance, and now she was disappointed with their loss in gambling.

The climax of the story is where the young teacher gambles to save Paulina from the French man and wins a lot of money, but Paulina does not accept the money and leaves the young teacher.

After this incident, Alexei Ivanovich travels to Paris and spends all his money there, and with very little money, goes to Hamburg to gamble and sees his friend in that city, and after grieving with an old friend, leaves Polina. He finds out and realizes his love for himself, but he can not stop gambling.

Gambling book analysis:
“Hajj” in the story of the gambler criticizes gambling and its destructive effects on life. He himself, who was addicted to gambling and had problems, wrote this book in less than a month.

Gambling is a fundamental issue, and the author seeks to introduce a philosophy of life in which everything is based on chance and nothing is certain.

Gamblers choose between the limited options they have and the outcome is determined by chance. In the depicted life, many surprising things happen and the wheel of life spins like a gambling wheel and something happens.

It can be seen that at the gambling table, some people hold pens in their hands and calculate and book so that they can discover a logical relationship and get rich through it, but just as it is impossible to discover this relationship in gambling, so it is in life. It is impossible and the narrator does not consider life to be like this.

In gambling, faces and spaces are not described much, but the work in which the author is particularly skilled is character analysis.
In one part of Dostoevsky’s life, to get rid of his debt, he has to deliver a book in a short time, and while in a room, he tells the story and a young lady writes it, and then Dostoevsky marries the young lady. The above was a “gambler”.

Analyzing a gambler’s book is difficult. All the parts of the book, all the characters and all the events are such that the reader is completely immersed in thought. He constantly seeks to understand the author’s purpose.

The reader is looking for the author’s purpose in introducing the characters and what each dialogue means!

And many other questions that will not be answered except by re-reading the sentences and paragraphs three times.
What is clear in gambling is that the behavior of any of the characters, just like the fortune teller, is unpredictable.

When gambling, you may win many times by choosing red, you may make good money five times in a row, but for the sixth time, nothing is clear.

In the book, you may guess a few specific behaviors of the characters, but understanding their subsequent reaction is unimaginable. Perhaps this is the main message of the gambler.

That people’s behavior and choices are just like gambling.

That life as a whole is like gambling and you never know what awaits you.

Another important topic in the book is the discussion of how people treat money and who has money.
This is beautifully illustrated in the book, with Dostoevsky describing the behavior of those around him by elevating some of the characters and then showing the reader the same character by demeaning the other character.

It is not unreasonable that Dostoevsky’s books have been called the best books on the psychology and analysis of human behavior.

Another noteworthy thing about the gambler’s book is its translation. Soroush Habibi presents an excellent and very attractive translation of this book to the audience that you will enjoy.

In different parts, when the characters of the book speak in French, the same dialogues that are given in the text of the Russian book in French are also translated into French and the translation is written in a footnote.

This makes the translation feel good.
Finally, you can gamble with an empty pocket. One must have money to lose.
I do not see anything impure in people’s desire to get money as soon as possible. I consider the words of the claimant to be nonsense, who teaches morality with a full stomach, and in response to someone who apologizes in justifying his game by saying, “I will not play big,” he says: “Worse! “Because it is a sign of greed.” There seems to be a difference between low greed and high greed.
It was as if I wanted to bring destiny to the arena, to put it on its head. Flip it or tap it.
The bird is known by its flight, the man by his deeds!
If you are afraid of wolves, do not go to the forest!
One who walks on this path is left to slip on a snow-covered slope of a mountain. It is constantly increasing in speed.
What am I now? None! Zero! What will I be tomorrow? Tomorrow I may rise from the dead again and start a new life. And to discover “man”, not yet completely destroyed in me

Gambler book; The novel was first published in 1866. “The Gambler” is a narrative of a bitter experience that happened to Dostoevsky during his stay outside Russia.

The publisher says of the book: “The protagonist of the novel, Alexei Ivanovich, is a homemaker with the general, who stays in the fictional city of Roltenburg whenever he travels abroad.

The story, however, enters a new phase with the story of Poland’s lending 700 florins to Alex to play roulette.

In the beginning, luck falls in love with Alexei Ivanovich, but he wants to make the most of the luck he has;
So, he continues to play, but then he loses all his money and as a result of this loss, he loses his mental balance and suffers from a kind of delusion.

It is the psychological principles of this story that make you familiar with exactly the personality, concerns and feelings of a gambler. It is as if you have analyzed this character with the science of psychology. The novel’s point of view is infinitely omniscient.

Soroush Habibi is one of the most active Iranian translators in the last four decades, who has introduced the works of writers such as Roman Gary, Alejandro Carpentier, Elias Kant, Tolstoy, etc. to the Iranian audience.

About the Author of the Gambler: Dostoevsky; Owner of literary masterpieces
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (1821–1881) was born in Moscow to an Orthodox family.

At the age of fifteen, he successfully passed the entrance examinations for the School of Military Engineering in St. Petersburg, and in January 1838 entered the School.

After graduating, he worked in the engineering department of the Ministry of War. In 1844, Eugene Grande translated Balzac and resigned from the army that same year.

Dostoevsky’s first work, The Poor, also known to the Iranian singer as The Poor and the Poor, was published in 1839.

This work introduced Dostoevsky as a deconstructive writer and made him famous.

His next novel was called “Hamzad”, which is a lesser known work.
In 1859 he wrote two stories, “Uncles’ Dream” and “Stepanchiko Village”.

With “Underground Notes” began the glorious era of Dostoevsky’s writing, and attention to the psychological angles of the characters appeared in his works.

In 1866 he wrote his next book, Crime and Punishment.

It tells the story of the plight of a poor young man named Raskolnikov, whose poor economic situation puts him in a position to kill an old woman usurer.

After that he gets mad. The poverty and misery of nineteenth-century Russian society and the utter despair of that time are well illustrated in this novel.

Dostoevsky published the story “The Gambler” the same year.

This story was a reflection of what happened to him during his trip to Germany. His life experienced many ups and downs on this journey.

Financial problems, an unusual love affair and gambling caused the author to have a difficult time in Germany.

Between 1869 and 1875, Dostoyevsky wrote The Stupid Husband, The Conquerors, and The Raw Young.

His last novel and masterpiece in world literature, The Karamazov Brothers, was written in 1879 and 1880 with a complex design and special characterization.

The novel tells the story of the Karamazov brothers’ intense resentment of their wealthy father in a small Russian town.

Many thinkers such as Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Martin Heidegger, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Pope Benedict XVI have praised this work.

The Karamazov brothers are known as the Dostoevsky testament to the Russian people.

Fyodor Dostoevsky finally died of pulmonary hemorrhage in early February 1881 and was buried in St. Petersburg.

Related books

1- Introducing the book  on YouTube

2- Introducing the book  in Aparat

Additional information


فئودور داستایوفسکی



There are no reviews yet.

Show only reviews in English (0)

Be the first to review “the gambler”

Your email address will not be published.