The First Man

17.00

Title: The first person

Author: Albert Camus

Translator: Manouchehr Badiee

Publisher: Niloofar

Subject: French story

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 367 p

Language Farsi

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Description

The First Man by Albert Camus’s latest work is a book in the biography genre, and is in fact the life story of Albercamo. The work that the author of “Alien” hoped would be his best writing and masterpiece, but remained unfinished due to his death. However, some critics believe that despite the fact that the book is incomplete, the first man is one of his most powerful writings, which has been able to well describe the position of the protagonist. Camus’s latest work was published 34 years after his death. Francis Camus, the daughter of this great author, collected and published the manuscripts of the book that were found at the scene of the accident.

The Book of the First Man is a true account of the life of a boy who grows up without a father. This is the beginning of the self-knowledge concern in childhood and the identity crisis of the main character of the story from childhood to middle age.

Jacques was one year old when his father was killed in the war, so he has no memory of his father. At the age of forty, he goes to his father’s grave. Jacques’s family includes a kind but illiterate mother who works as a laborer and a brother who for some reason does not talk about her.
Despite these difficult circumstances, Jacques is a lively and happy boy who has high intelligence and receives a scholarship to continue his education. But life in Algiers, a French colony, has features that change Jacques’s intellectual path and living conditions. He has to work hard to achieve his goals in the complex circumstances of his country.

The life of Albert Camus and his relationships with other writers
Albert Camus was born in Algiers in 1913 and died in a car accident at the age of forty-six. Camus is a philosopher and one of the most important writers of the twentieth century. In addition to writing stories, plays, and collections of philosophical, political, and historical essays; He was a free-thinking journalist. Camus was the first African writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature; Two years before his death.

His most notable works are The Alien, The Fall, The Plague, as well as the philosophical essays The Legend of Sisyphus and The Rebellious Man.

His father was killed in World War I when he was four years old. She grew up in a slum with an illiterate working mother. Explaining his thoughts, Camus refers to this period of his life: “I did not learn freedom in the works of Marx, but I learned it myself in the heart of poverty.”

A staunch opponent of Nazism, Camus joined the French resistance group Battle after the execution of Gabriel Perry in late 1941. Two years later, with the help of other members of the group, he began underground journalism. In this resistance group, he met “Jean-Paul Sartre” and their relationship was formed.

In The Rebellious Man, Albert Camus reviews the philosophy of history and critiques German idealism. Following the publication of the book, Sartre, who had a long-standing relationship with Camus, wrote scathing essays on book criticism. Eventually, the two disagreed over the content of “Rebellious Man” and their relationship ended.

Camus is known as an existentialist but has always rejected the title. “I am not an existentialist,” he said in a 1945 interview. “Both Sartre and I have always wondered why they put our names together.”

Camus graduated in 1953 with a degree in philosophy. He wrote his dissertation on Plotinus, the last influential philosopher of Greek civilization. He studied journalism during his studies. He also studied the principles of playwriting and theater performance.

In the same year, he became active in the anti-fascist movement in Amsterdam, of which Roman Roland was one of the founders. He later joined the Communist Party, but was expelled from the Communist Party for protesting the party’s hostility to a nationalist movement.

One of Camus’s personal interests was football. He became the goalkeeper of the Al-Jazeera University youth team, but a year later he was forced to leave football due to symptoms of tuberculosis.

Years later, a sports magazine asked Camus to talk about football. “After many years and seeing so much, I owe everything I know about morality and human duty to sports,” he says.

“Camus was a humanist in the broadest sense of the word,” Will Durant wrote in a note on Camus. Camus directed his thought from heaven to human affairs. He was trying to preserve man’s cultural heritage, and he was too human to accept the ideologies that command man to kill man.

Maybe that’s why he withdrew from all political parties. In the book “Plague” in the language of “Taro” he says: I have no place in today’s world. “When I resolutely refused to kill, I condemned myself to isolation that never ends.”

Persian translation of the book The First Man
Niloufar Publications and Amen Chicken Publishing have published Camus’s first man, translated by Manouchehr Badiee. Manouchehr Badiei was born in 1318 in Isfahan. Among the books he has translated are valuable works such as “The Face of the Artist Man” by James Joyce and “The Flanders Road” by Claude Simon.

This book was published in 1397 under the title “The First Man” in “Nashr-e Jami” and translated by “Mahmoud Behforozi”. Albert Camus’s writings have been translated and published in Persian by prominent translators such as Khashayar Deihimi, Manouchehr Badiei, Mohammad Ali Spanloo and Abolhassan Najafi, and it is difficult to choose the best translation from the translations of the great letters.

Albert Camus’s latest writing on the big screen
Gianni Amelio made The First Man in 2011, based on the unfinished work by Albert Camus. This film depicts the life of the protagonist “Jacques Cormery”.

There are other films that have only their common name and Camus’s book, their names: In 2018, a film called “First Man” was released. Starring Ryan Gosling, the film chronicles the life of American astronaut Neil Armstrong. The film attracted the attention of critics and audiences.

Another film with the same title was made in 1996, which is the story of a man from space who comes to Earth and no woman approaches him. In 2017, a documentary was made called The First Man or The First Man. This epic documentary chronicles the 25 million years of experience of human societies gained through the trials, tribulations, victories and defeats of our ancestors.

In parts of the book The First Man by Albert Camus, we read:
When Jacques thought well, he saw that he had heard most of what he knew about his father from this old teacher, whose whereabouts are now unknown. But apart from the details, those things were nothing more than things his mother’s silence made him guess.

A stubborn, bitter man who had worked all his life and killed at the command of others and accepted everything that could not be avoided, but it was a part of his being that no one was willing to touch. In short, a poor man. Because poverty is not chosen by anyone, but a poor person can maintain himself.

And Jacques tried to imagine with the few things he had heard from his mother the same man who nine years later married and became the father of two children, found a slightly better job and was summoned to Algiers to mobilize, and That long, long journey at night with a patient woman and two naughty children, and being separated from them at the railway station, and then, three days later, in that little “blue-collar” apartment, he was suddenly found with his head in that beautiful red and blue dress. The puffy trousers of the Algerian Soldiers’ Regiment, sweaty in that thick woolen garment in the heat of July, had a straw hat in his hand because he had neither a fin nor a helmet, he had slipped from under the beach robberies and had come to kill his children and wife. He boarded a ship and went to France by sea, which he had never been to, where he had never seen it. He had answered while running, turned around and shook his hat, and started running again in the dusty street And the heat and, on the other hand, in front of the cinema had disappeared in the dazzling light of the morning, never to return …

The remnants of the mortar that had pierced his father’s head were in a small box of biscuits, behind the same towels, in the same cupboard, with the cards he had sent from the front, and he could read them with the same dryness and shortness, “Dear Lucy.” Im fine. We will change our base tomorrow. Take good care of the children. kiss you. your husband.”

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1- Introducing the book  on YouTube

2- Introducing the book  in Aparat

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