Introducing Schopenhauer’s treatment book by Ervin Yalom
With the expansion of social relations and the complication of mental concerns, the human need for awareness and analysis of the structure of the mind and mind has increased day by day. Today, the meaning of life and death are so intertwined that it has alienated man first with himself and then with the world around him. Without consciousness and gaining the right insight, man can not give meaning to his life and existence. That is why every day more and more people need and are interested in psychoanalysis.
The human psyche is so entwined and complex that ignoring it can involve and disable a person in the most trivial matters. People need to be aware of their strengths and weaknesses so that they can walk in the right direction – a way that is different for everyone. This ability is acquired by acquiring historical, scientific and psychological knowledge. Knowledge that requires a lot of time and perseverance, but there are ways to meet your needs in any field. There are many complex reforms and concepts in psychology that seem incomprehensible to the average person who does not specialize in the field.
Yalom is one of those people who, with his simple and fluent language, has been able to make the heavy and complex interpretations of psychology comprehensible to many. A mission that he has accomplished well in many of his works. In Schopenhauer’s Therapy, Erwin Yalom focuses on Schopenhauer’s theories in search of the meaning of life and human relationships, and challenges the general worldview of the general public while addressing human mental and psychological issues.
Schopenhauer’s treatment book; Another work by the author when Nietzsche cried
In The Schopenhauer cure, Erwin Yalom, like his other works, interprets scientific, philosophical, and psychological issues in simple, fluent language. The book is narrated in third person and challenges the mental concerns of the protagonists, Philip and Julius. Philipp is an isolated person who accepts Schopenhauer’s ideas is in fact the great German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. The pessimistic philosopher who said about isolation: “A man who can avoid a relationship with a large number of people once and for all is a man of happiness.”
In this book, moral characteristics, personal characteristics and “Schopenhauer” theories are expressed in the form of Philip’s character and the narrator’s utterances. In the context of this narrative, Yalom addresses the ongoing concerns of human societies, such as human confrontation with oneself and society and death, the tendency to isolation, and the impact of social relations on man and the other.
Julius is a leading psychotherapist who reconsiders the meaning of life, death, and the activities he or she has performed throughout his or her life after cancer. An intelligent, pessimistic, and anti-popular philosopher, Philip emerges from his self-imposed isolation and joins Julius’ medical groups. He wants to become a philosophical consultant by implementing Schopenhauer’s ideas and theories, but he needs Julius’ help in doing so.
Julius, on the other hand, who is facing death, touches on the concepts of life differently from the past and tries to clarify for Philip the issues that Schopenhauer’s approach poses to man. After Philip enters Julius’ psychotherapy sessions, many questions about biological experience are answered in the context of discussions between them and other people in the group. Concerns such as the reason for life experience, the effect of being aware of individual problems on human beings in order to improve personal conditions and then society are raised and engage the audience with different answers and approaches of the characters in the story.
Who was influenced by Yalom?
Three prominent philosophers have greatly influenced him:
Baruch Spinoza, the Dutch philosopher who was one of the greatest determinists of the seventeenth century and knew all the events of the world. This famous philosopher played an important role in the important scientific and philosophical movement that took place in the eighteenth century. This movement, known as the Age of Enlightenment, destroyed the medieval worldview.
Arthur Schopenhauer, the great German philosopher who did important intellectual work in the fields of ethics, art, modern psychology, and contemporary literature. Nietzsche makes an interesting and famous quote about him: “Nothing bothered German thinkers as much as the dissimilarity between Schopenhauer and them.”
Otto Rank, an Austrian writer and psychoanalyst who was one of Freud’s closest collaborators.
Schopenhauer treatment in Persian
Qatreh Publishing was established in 1988 and has published more than 2,000 books in the fields of fiction, philosophy, psychology, history, science and art. In 1991, Drop Publishing published Schopenhauer’s treatment book with a fluent translation by Sepideh Habib.
Schopenhauer’s treatment book has been translated into Persian by another individual. In 1994, Mossadegh Publications published this psychological novel translated by Kiomars Parsai. Another translation of “Hamid Toofani” and “Zahra Hosseinian” has been published by “Taraneh Publications”.
In part of Schopenhauer’s treatment book we read:
Julius stopped reading. It’s been a week and it’s time to stop thinking. It was time to face what was really happening. He told himself to sit down, Julius. Sit down and think about death. He closed his eyes.
He thought, then finally death appeared on the scene. But what a vulgar entry into the scene: the curtain went up by a dwarf dermatologist with a cucumber nose, a magnifying glass in his hand, in a white hospital gown and the letters of his name in a pocket on his chest.
And what will be the final scene? Most likely, as vulgar as it was destined. The costume of the same New York Yankees wrinkled striped pajamas with the number 5D on the back. Stage arrangement: The same big bed he had slept on for thirty years, with crumpled clothes on a chair by the bed and a pile of unread novels that they never knew would be their turn. A disappointing final scene full of sighs and groans. Julius thought that the glorious adventures of his life certainly deserved more … but what more? …
The mirror told him he did not look like a man who had reached the end of his life. Running three miles a day kept her body young and lean, yet muscular and without even a gram of fat. There were a few wrinkles around his eyes and mouth. Not so much; His father did not have those wrinkles at the time of his death. His eyes were green; Julius was always proud of them. Penetrating and clear eyes. Eyes that could be trusted, eyes that could withstand any stare. Young eyes, the eyes of sixteen-year-old Julius. A dying man and a sixteen-year-old man stared at each other for decades.
Sentences from the text of Schopenhauer’s treatment book
نف Every breath we take, throws away the death that constantly touches us…. In the end, it’s death that must be overcome because it is part of our destiny from birth, and it plays with it only shortly before it swallows its prey. Nevertheless, we live our lives with as much interest and concern as possible, just as we spend as long as possible in a soap bubble until it grows larger, although we know with certainty that it will burst. (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 15)
Life is a sad thing. I have decided to spend my whole life thinking about it. (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 48)
The best wisdom is to make the enjoyment of the present the highest goal of life, because that is the only reality that exists and the rest is nothing but games of thought. But it can also be called the greatest foolishness, because what is only for a moment and then disappears like a dream, is never worth the effort. (Schopenhauer Treatment Book – Page 123)
Observing the first scenes of human suffering also had a profound effect on the life and work of Arthur Schopenhauer. He did not forget the resemblance of his experience to the Buddha, and years later wrote about his journey: Sight.” (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 149)
Gol replied: O fool! Can you imagine me blossoming to be seen? I flourish for myself and not for others, because I rejoice in prosperity. The source of my happiness is in myself and in my flourishing. (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 245)
If we do not want to be a toy to the hands of every idiot and a mockery of every brain drain, the first principle is to remain cautious and unattainable. (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 319)
I have not written for the common people, I have left my works for thinkers who, throughout history, will make rare exceptions. They will feel like me, or like the sailors of a shipwreck on a deserted island, the footsteps of a suffering comrade who has stepped on the island before them will be more comforting than all the parrots and monkeys on the branches of trees. (Schopenhauer Therapy Book – Page 365)
“One of Schopenhauer’s formulas that helped me a lot was the idea that relative happiness comes from three sources: what you are, what you have, and what you look like in the eyes of the people,” said Philip. He insists that we should focus only on the first and not on the second and third – on what we have and on our image – because we have no control over the two, because they are taken away from us – just like the inevitable aging that is taking away your beauty . “In fact, Schopenhauer says, ‘having’ is the opposite: what we have often becomes our property.” (Schopenhauer Treatment Book – Page 418)
Every lover experiences extraordinary discouragement and frustration after he or she is finally connected; And is amazed at how what has been so eagerly accomplished outweighs Neda’s other sexual pleasures.
Rejected and, as a result, does not feel that he has benefited much. (Schopenhauer Treatment Book – Page 471) ..
Who was Ervin Yalom?
Erwin Yalom is the founder of the model of ontological psychology. He was the first psychologist who, with his extensive knowledge in the field of psychology and the study of the philosophy of people like Aristotle and Socrates, created a new perspective on the science of psychology and psychoanalysis. He was awarded the American Psychiatric Association Award in 2002.
Using his writing genius, Yalom is one step ahead of other psychologists. He has even been able to engage the general public with simple and interesting stories that tell of his own experiences and those of others in his books, as well as being popular with psychologists and other psychoanalysts. Yalom believes that in the present time, and given all the possibilities and scientific advances, it is a mistake to want to be content with only the teachings and findings of Jung and Freud. In his view, the human psyche, especially in modern times, has become so complex that we must look for new ways to deal with spiritual and psychological problems.
The main audience of this great writer is young psychologists and young psychologists. His concern is psychiatrists who forget their mission in exchange for increased income or emotional issues and cause more harm to themselves and others. Relying on his writing abilities, Yalom has been able to express the principles of psychology in the form of interesting and fascinating stories and adventures.
So that we do not need to have special knowledge in the field of psychology to read the works of this author. Interestingly, Yalom claims that he always avoids accepting clients who are involved in love. For him, treating this group of people is the hardest job in the world. He says that perhaps because love is sacred and man loves the blind and the deaf. Or maybe because he himself likes to experience such an atmosphere. Yalom, however, loves his wife dearly and considers her a source of relief for his pains and sufferings.
Books by Ervin Yalom
Yalom’s writings on existential psychology revolve around the four axes of human life that Yalom has dubbed “forgiven.” These four axes are: loneliness, lack of meaning, damping and freedom. In his writings, Yalom explains how man can respond to these four concerns in efficient or inefficient ways. The book “Lying on the sofa” is a great revelation of Yalom. In this book, he tells real and semi-real stories of psychiatrists and their patients. Few writers or even psychologists have ever dared to state such facts. In this book, he explicitly shows that many psychologists are patients who wear white robes and make prescriptions.
One of the concerns of this author is death. He says he has often dealt with patients and clients who are constantly living in fear of death and destruction, so that their daily activities are paralyzed and they no longer enjoy life. He wrote “Staring at the Sun” when he felt he had to do something to alleviate the concerns of such people. With the publication of this book, he was able to change many lives and change people’s view of life and death. His mission in increasing the quality and productivity of life for all human beings in the world is praiseworthy and admirable. Yalom interviewed a documentary called “Flight from Death” directed by Patrick Shen as a psychologist working on fear management theory.
Yalom became known in Iran with the book “When Nietzsche Wept”. After that, the number of fans of this author in Iran increased so much that this author receives many emails from Iranians every day. In response to the invitation of Iranians to attend and speak in Iran, he said that he would no longer travel abroad, that is why he could not come to Iran. Perhaps the reason why Iranians are interested in this author is that few people in Iran think like Yalom. The genius and creativity of this author culminates in Nietzsche’s book.
He cleverly incorporates reality, fantasy, and the principles of psychology into this book, creating an engaging and influential work. The book When Nietzsche Wept in 2007 is a feature film directed by Pinchas Perry. Also in 2014, a documentary on Yalom’s life and activities was made called Yalom’s Cure.
Yalom is the life hero of many people who need a trusted and wise companion. This great writer has inspired many people around the world and changed many lives.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat