The Plague, one of the world’s leading literary works and a philosophical work by Albert Camus, reports strange events that describe a society that is aimless and useless, with no balance.
In this book, Camus takes us on a journey through the many characters in the city of Oran, and the plague is the strange event in the city of Oran.
Although more than half a century has passed since the publication of the book of the plague; It still retains its importance. The story of the novel “Plague”, the narrator of which does not introduce himself until the end of his book, takes place in a city called “Aran”.
This book is about a city that is plagued by the plague and the first signs of it are the influx of mice into the city.
In this novel, Camus examines the moods and moods of people at different times of this period. The feeling of empathy, savagery, torment of conscience, etc. in a public calamity.
Camus writes about this novel in a letter to Roland Barthes that, in contrast to The Alien, The Plague is unquestionably a solitary rebellion against the social world; A society that must take part in its struggles.
If there is a way from “alien” to “plague” in the direction of change, this change is in the world of solidarity and participation.
Albert Camus is one of the great philosophers of the twentieth century and one of the most famous authors and creators of foreign books.
In 1957 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his enlightened sincerity in exposing the problem of the human conscience in the present age and for creating significant value in literature.
He studied at Al-Jazeera University and was a goalkeeper for the football team before contracting tuberculosis in 1930.
It was a university.
Albert Camus is a famous twentieth-century writer, journalist, and philosopher whose ideas have led to the emergence of a philosophy of non-fiction. In his article The Rebellious Man, he acknowledged that he had spent his entire life fighting nihilism and believed in individual freedoms.
In the book Plague Ia peste we read:
The strange events of this book were as follows; The public does not think the city is as it always is. Slightly out of the ordinary, as it might seem at first glance, a typical city, but not in the way it was before the French rule of the Algerian coast.
It must be said that the appearance of the city is ugly. It has a quiet appearance and this tranquility makes it difficult to understand the difference between this city and other commercial cities.
First of all; weather. For example, this city is a city without pigeons, a place where we do not see the flight of birds, nor the fall of the leaves of trees.
It can be said that this city is a city without attraction. You do not see the change of seasons in this city, in the cloudy or clear sky. You only see flower baskets in the hands of young florists and street vendors.
Next is the scorching summer of the city, which imprisons people in the shade of rooms and under windows. When autumn arrives, the annoying mud in the streets of the city makes people very angry.
Between seasons, only the winter of this city is tolerable. But how do people live here? Their friendships and enmities? Their deaths?
These are the characteristics that make up the culture of our small people along with their special climate. Climate that affects their lives and deaths, and their mood.
It stimulates some and makes them move. It makes some people dull and naked, so much so that they have no patience for anything.
They work hard during the day and gather in cafes at night to have fun. Of course, there are people who live differently and their entertainment is their own.
Whatever it is, there is no balance in their lives and behavior.
In the city of Oran, like other cities, people are not used to thinking about their lives or loving themselves.
One of the wonders of this city is “dying”. Death by any means that is common is not here.
When there is no disease, the thought of death does not come to you, and this feeling of monotony causes the beauty of moments like the dawn of the morning and night and many other sights to be lost in laziness and boredom.
What is general is the pointlessness and futility of life.
Anyone who comes here from somewhere else will soon be in the habit of the people
He copes and does not bring anything called “excitement” to his mind.
The events of the novel take place in a city in Algeria called Oran or Ohran and are narrated by a narrator who later introduces himself as Dr. Rio. The book begins with an explanation of the people and the city, and then points to the increasing number of mice in the city and their deaths.
Mr. Rio, the caretaker of Dr. Rio’s home, dies of a disease caused by blisters and cucumbers, and the deaths of several others with the same symptoms make Dr. Rio the cause of death possibly contagious, and Dr. Castell later diagnoses it as a plague.
Due to the weakness of the authorities to react, the plague and quarantine will be announced in the city after a while.
With the announcement of the quarantine, many family members were separated. Some fled in succession, and some fought the disease as best they could.
Jean Taro was one of the travelers who, together with Dr. Rio, set up a volunteer health organization to fight the disease.
The city’s pastor, Panlo’s father, delivered a speech at the beginning of the announcement of the plague, condemning the people to sin and calling the plague a punishment for all that was revealed because the people sinned and did not repent.
Therefore, he called the plague an educator and action against it useless, and asked the people to keep calm, which is the will of God, and the rest is with God.
With rapid mortality, most government institutions and organizations became quarantine camps for patients’ families or hospitals. Mass burial gave way to crematoria, and railroads were used only to transport corpses.
During this time, Mr. Katar, who committed suicide before the plague and was rescued by the expensive, established good social relations and was satisfied with the plague.
Ramber, a young journalist, quarantined several times to escape his lover, but when the situation was ready, when Taro told him that Rio had also separated from his wife, who was in another city due to illness, he changed his mind and Rescue team joined.
Panello’s father also joined the rescue team, and seeing the hard and painful death of Judge Otto’s son, he used another word in his sermon to use the word ‘we’ instead of ‘you’, calling the boy’s death a divine test and urging people to fight the disease.
He later died of a disease that Dr. Rio declared suspicious.
Castell serum was successful for several cases. Gran was rescued with symptoms of pulmonary and cucumber plague. After the death of his son and the end of his quarantine, Judge Otton returned to help the camp and died there.
The death toll from the disease is steady, declining as the cold season approaches, and as the mice re-emerge and the fear of the plague subsides, the disease has taken its toll on its last victim, the taro.
After the plague, people return to their daily routine. Ramber arrives at his lover. Qatar is arrested by police for shooting in the street.
Dr. Rio, who learns a few days before the death of his sick wife, looks at the celebration and says to himself that the plague bacillus can live in the city for years and invade the city again.
characters of a story
Narrator: The events are narrated in the language of the narrator. The narrator introduces himself at the end of the book, stating that the reason for not revealing his name was that he wanted to speak in the language of the people, not himself.
Dr. Bernard Rio: Although different characters play important roles in the story, he is the main character in the novel. Rio considers himself tired of the world and does not believe in the existence of a god and states that being human is his desire.
He is a skilled physician and was one of the first to consider the cause of death of mice and humans as a disease.
Jean Taro: A traveler who contracted the plague during his stay in Oran. The narrator often cites his diaries. Taro gets very close to Dr. Rio during the plague. His suggestion was to form a volunteer health organization to fight the disease.
Joseph Gran: An elderly municipal employee. Gran has trouble communicating with the community and is struggling to write a book.
Raymond Ranber: A journalist who comes to Iran to report and finds himself imprisoned during quarantine. He is in love with a girl from outside Iran and considers himself a stranger to the people of the city, and for this reason he wants to leave the city, but with the obstruction of the organizations, he tries to escape several times. Elimination of the disease joins.
Mr. Kotar: He is an expensive neighbor who was saved from suicide by him. He is a proponent of socialization and is one of the few people who is satisfied with the conditions and lives better during the plague, and that is why he is special and much of the story revolves around his thoughts.
Dr. Castell: Dr. Rio’s elderly colleague. Castell was familiar with the plague in Paris and China, so he was the first to call the disease a plague.
Panlo’s father: It is the priest of the city who first considers the plague to be a disaster for the people and therefore calls the action to eradicate it innumerable, but in the course of the story he helps against the plague.
Mr. Otton: He is a returnee and has a wife and two children.
2- Introducing the book in Aparat