Of mice and men


Title: Mice and men

Author: John Ernst Steinbeck

Translator: Farzam Habibi Esfahani

Publisher: Atisa

Subject: American stories – 20th century

Age category: Adult

Cover: Paperback

Number of pages: 154

Language: Farsi



Of mice and men is the work of John Stein.

These two friends have very different characteristics.

They move from farm to farm to find work, living in the hope that one day they will be able to own their own land and farm.

One of John Steinbeck’s best-known short stories is the 1973 short novel Of mice and men. The story, which takes place during the years of the Great Depression, is based on part of the author’s memoirs.

George Milton and Lenny Small are two friends who spend more time in the stable with their horses.
The long-held dream of both of them is to one day buy a place and raise rabbits in it.

Lenny enjoys caressing soft things as a child and has a lot of arm strength, but he is not very smart and he is stupid.

So he gets in trouble, especially when the master’s wife, Curley, asks him to stroke her hair. Lenny inadvertently kills the poor woman and runs away in fear.

An angry Curly sets out with his men to find and kill Lenny.

Despite his oath to support Lenny in such conflicts, George joins the PNI.

The story is based on what Steinbeck’s life has learned about the lives of homeless and destitute men looking for a job as horsemen. The name of this story is taken from Robert Burns.

The book Mice and Humans is one of those novels that uses a vague narrative method.
This method is called the target third person method, which does not allow the reader direct access to the thoughts and feelings of any character and can only infer their views through the actions and conversations of the characters.

John Steinbeck sympathizes with the character of his novel, but that does not mean that it’s a happy ending for them.

Instead, he portrays the contrast between a real world full of poverty, scarcity, and violence, and a free, rich, and lovable dream world.

This brutal proximity simply states that the American dream may have been nothing more than a hopeless dream.

John Steinbeck was born in 1902 in Salinas, California, in a fertile agricultural valley about twenty miles from the Pacific … and both the valley and the ocean formed the basis of some of his most important works.

After marrying and moving to a quiet forest, he published two California storybooks, East of Heaven and An Unknown God. He then worked on short stories, which were collected in the book The Long Valley.
His three strong works in the late 1930s focused on the California working class: In Suspicious War, Mice and Men, and his best-known book, Clusters of Anger.

His latest books include Sweet Thursday, An Imitation, Once Upon a Time in War, Our Winter of Dissatisfaction, Journeys with Charlie to Discover America, Americans and Americans.

John Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962 and died in 1968.

Part of the text of bookmakers and people
A few miles south of the town of Soldad, the Salinas River flows to the edge of the mountain, where it becomes deep and lush.

The water of the river slides from the yellow rocks under the sunlight and moves to reach the narrow ponds, clear and warm blue.

One side of the river, the slope of the mountain, is golden in color and the circular river flows towards it and reaches the strong rocks of Gabilan mountain. Inside the valley, by the water, trees are lined up …

Willow trees become fresh and green every spring, the debris moves along the river with winter floods and finally clings to the lower branches of sycamore trees.

Plane trees with curved branches are arched on the pond.
On the rocky edge of the pond, under the trees, the leaves are so deep and brittle that if a lizard passes by, it makes a loud noise.

In the evening the rabbits come out of the woods to sit on the rocks, and the damp, sandy surface of the river is covered with the night owls of the raccoons, and the wide footprints of the farm dogs … with the excrement of the animals and the venom of the deer that come to drink. .

There is a narrow path between willow trees and sycamore trees, which has been trampled and beaten by children and teenagers coming from the fields to swim in the pond, and by wandering in the evening from the highway to the forest and near the river. .
In front of the horizontal branch of a large sycamore tree, a pile of ashes left over from the fires can be seen; A branch that has been worn and flattened by sitting on it.
Mice and Humans is the story of a lonely human being who, despite racial discrimination in the plight of American workers, tries to give real meaning to life by trying to achieve their dreams.

In this short story, John Steinbeck tells the story of George and Lenny, who try to achieve their dreams in six chapters of the novel.

They try to support each other, but a simple coincidence prevents them from achieving their dreams.

Characters of mice and humans; Dreamers workers
The story of mice and humans is the life of two simple, day laborers, George and Lenny, who go to every farm in California to find work.

Throughout the story, Lenny and George dream of owning land that belongs to them.

Lenny’s big dream is to have a private farm with dozens of rabbits.

According to many readers of the influential story of mice and humans, Lenny’s dream represents the dream of a group of American workers who were exploited by the US recession in 1929, and John Steinbeck narrates this dream well in the language of his characters. he does.

George and Lenny’s common dream that has made them interdependent and a good friendship like a covenant of brotherhood.
George is a small, agile and loyal man, and Lenny is a large but mentally retarded man who behaves like a child. Lenny is too kind, and his affections and carelessness lead to his sabotage.

George, on the other hand, watches over Lenny and tries to stop his sabotage. They have nothing but this friendship and they are happy to have it.

But Lenny’s behavior is always a nuisance to them.

In Mice and Men, John Steinbeck depicts the loneliness of workers, their hard lives, and their vanished dreams.

Why should we read mice and humans?
The English book Of Mice and Men is a beautiful and heartwarming account of the relationships of lonely and lower-class working-class Americans who pursue their dreams so that they may one day come true.

The way the story is told is the third person (omniscient) and what has made the story more compelling is the dialogue between the characters.

John Steinbeck encourages the reader to think deeply by creating influential characters. The book Mice and Men is a read for those who do not have enough time and at the same time want to read a small and attractive book.

Who are mice?
“Mouse” has a symbolic meaning in the stories of mice and humans. The mouse is in fact a symbol of the workers and their suffering against the tyranny of the masters.

Workers who have been exploited by the rich and are trapped like rats in their clutches and forced to live a miserable and helpless life, and even their aspirations have been dashed.

The name of the book is taken from a famous poem by Robert Burns: “How many maps of mice and humans that are on water”.

About the author of the book Mice and Humans: John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck, a well-known American writer, also known as John Steinbeck, was born in 1902 in California. His father was a treasurer and his mother a teacher.

After studying at Stanford University, Steinbeck left the university part-time in 1925 and moved to New York to work as a journalist.

After two years he returned to California, and for a time worked as a laborer in various places in agriculture.

During labor and agriculture, he became acquainted with the problems of American farmers and workers and was always concerned about their problems.

Steinbeck’s first work was The Golden Cup, written in 1929.
In 1939, his most prominent work, Clusters of Anger, was published and won the Pulitzer Prize.

Steinbeck also received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962.

His most famous works are “Mice and Men” (1937) and “Clusters of Anger” (1939), in which the lives of the American working class and migrant workers during the Great Depression are well narrated.

John Steinbeck died in New York in 1968 after years of struggling to support the weak and powerless sections of society.

Movies of mice and humans
John Steinbeck’s literary works have been adapted many times in cinema due to their attractive structure and use of ordinary people’s language.

John Ford, the famous American director from the novel “Clusters of Anger”, directed a film that became one of the most famous John Ford films in cinema.

John Steinbeck himself was interested in cinema and had successful screenwriting experiences.

In 1939, John Steinbeck co-wrote the screenplay for “Mice and Men,” directed by Lewis Milestone.

In 1992, the film Mice and Humans, directed by Gary Cineis, was adapted from this book.

In 1351, a film called “Tepli” was made in pre-revolutionary cinema, directed and written by “Reza Mirlouhi” based on this novel in Iran.

A film whose screenwriter and director has tried to portray the Iranian equivalent of Steinbeck’s American story.
“Paradise East”, “Pearl”, “Red Pony” and “Hot Corn” were other films made from Steinbeck’s stories with the same title.

But Steinbeck’s greatest and most enduring contribution to cinema was writing enduring dialogues for “Long Live Zapata,” directed by Elia Kazan, starring Marlon Brando as the Mexican revolutionary and rebellious leader in the history of enduring cinema. And received many awards.

John Steinbeck’s lasting works

John Steinbeck, the famous American author, has other well-known works in his repertoire besides Clusters of Anger and Mice and Humans.

His stories include “East of Heaven”, “Pearl”, “Mercenary”, “To an Unknown God”, “Canning Order”, “Red Horse”, “Burning Fire”, “Secret Valley”, “Long Live Zapata” (Screenplay), “Once Upon a Time in War” and “Russian Diary”.

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