Nietzsche’s Letters

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Title: Nietzsche’s Letters

Author: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Translator: Mohammad Reza Director Ranjbar

Publisher: Nik Farjam

Subject: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Age category: Adult

Number of pages: 216

Language: Farsi

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Description

Nietzsche’s Letters contains a selection of Friedrich Nietzsche’s private correspondence, a five-volume collection published in Germany between 1909 and 1900.

All over the world today, private letters are one of the most important complementary features of a literary image of a person, revealing their sincere behavior and the intimate aspect of the author’s mind and personality.

The special and extraordinary value of Nietzsche’s private correspondence is that we have here a writer with the most contradictory aspects, a prophet with almost superhuman revelation and inspiration, an ascetic living in a desert of icebergs that can be said to have descended into inhabited valleys, to the plains. , Where he takes on a human form and a human language, where he displays a human heart and a human sympathy. One who still doubts that behind Nietzsche’s sharp criticisms of his time, there was a burning love for humanity and a desire to advance it to a more glorious and believing destiny;

Introduction to Nietzsche Books by Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche’s Books is a work by Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1921. The collection, which contains more than two hundred letters from Nietzsche, provides valuable correspondence on important topics for the philosopher — including philosophy, history, ethics, music, and literature.

The book also contains letters about Nietzsche’s personal life, which show the various ups and downs of his life.
Among the recipients of the letters are Richard Wagner, Erwin Rudd, Le Salom, Nietzsche’s mother, and his sister, Elizabeth. In addition, Nietzsche’s deteriorating mental health is mentioned in a very shocking letter from Franz Orbeck.

Excerpts from Nietzsche’s bibliographies
So far my spirit has not been depressed by the constant pain caused by my chronic illness; Sometimes I feel even happier and even happier than in my previous life; What do I owe this healing and strengthening effect? Certainly not my contemporaries and friends, because with a few exceptions, all of them have shown themselves to have been hurt by me over the last few years, and they have not hesitated to say so.

You read my latest manuscript in its entirety, dear friend, and ask yourself if there is any sign of suffering or depression. I do not believe in anything, and this belief indicates that there must be a hidden power in these views, and that there is no evidence of the helplessness and lethargy that my enemies are seeking.

This book contains a collection of private letters by Friedrich Nietzsche translated by Dr. Majid Houshangi and published by Jami Publications, Mossadegh.
The present work can be considered as a window to Nietzsche’s personality traits, spirits and sincere and informal life, and can be considered as a source that clarifies the ambiguities about Nietzsche’s status and mental responsibility in the last years of his life and his famous responsibility in World War II. Fixes.

About Friedrich Nietzsche Writer of Nietzsche
The philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and classical German philologist Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a great German poet whose works have had a profound impact on Western philosophy and the history of modern thought.

He was born on October 15, 1844, in the small town of Roken in Leipzig, Prussia. Nietzsche lost his father, a priest, as a child. As a result, she grew up in a feminine environment with her mother and sister Elizabeth.

It is said that this was one of the reasons for Nietzsche’s later problems with women, as he had a considerable knowledge of women’s behavior and this made women afraid of Nietzsche.
Nietzsche is mentioned as one of the three thinkers who changed the history of modern thought, and many postmodern theorists describe him as a key and influential thinker in their ideas.

Nietzsche was one of the first critics of modernity in the nineteenth century. Modernity was defended by many thinkers in the nineteenth century. Although Nietzsche’s thought has a modern aspect, he himself realized that modernity suffers from a series of internal contradictions, and for this reason he criticized modernity. Some have called him “modern anti-modern.”

In 1885, Nietzsche, in his famous work Thus Said Zarathustra, created a figure called Zarathustra, who spoke out against Nietzsche’s own ideas against slave-slave morality, which Nietzsche saw as the moral system used in the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and other religions. It becomes.

Nietzsche says that Zarathustra was the first moralist and that he created and revealed it. And you say that it is only in his teachings that is truly the highest attribute.
The main structure of Nietzsche’s writings consists of philosophical, poetic, cultural critique and story controversy, and along with it, art, lexicography, history, religion and science have been extensively discussed. His writings, while full of short sentences and irony, include many other topics such as ethics, aesthetics, tragedy, epistemology, atheism and self-awareness.

The main foundations of his philosophy are sharp criticisms against the absolute truth in defense of landscapeism, the idea of ​​”Apollonius and Dionysus”, genealogical critiques of Christian religion and ethics and his theory in this regard entitled “master-slave ethics”, aesthetic affirmation of existence and existence In response to the phenomenon of the “death of God” and the deep crisis of nothingness, and the definition of the human subject as a manifestation of conflicting and in-conflict wills, collectively known as the “will of power.”
In his later works, Nietzsche introduced influential concepts such as “super-man” and “eternal return” and increasingly engaged with the creative powers of the individual as a force to overcome social, cultural and moral presuppositions and to achieve new values ​​and aesthetic health. He pondered over them.

Summary of Nietzsche’s bibliographies
The collection, which contains more than two hundred letters from Nietzsche, provides valuable correspondence on important topics for the philosopher — including philosophy, history, ethics, music, and literature. The book also contains letters about Nietzsche’s personal life, which show the various ups and downs of his life.

Among the recipients of the letters are Richard Wagner, Erwin Rudd, Le Salom, Nietzsche’s mother, and his sister, Elizabeth. In addition, Nietzsche’s deteriorating mental health is mentioned in a very shocking letter from Franz Orbeck.
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Excerpts from the text of Nietzsche’s bibliographies
1- So far, my spirit has not been depressed due to the constant pain caused by my chronic illness; Sometimes I feel even happier and even happier than in my previous life; What do I owe this healing and strengthening effect?

Certainly not my contemporaries and friends, because with a few exceptions, all of them have shown themselves to have been hurt by me over the last few years, and they have not hesitated to say so.
You read my latest manuscript in its entirety, dear friend, and ask yourself if there is any sign of suffering or depression. I do not believe in anything, and this belief indicates that there must be a hidden power in these views, and that there is no evidence of the helplessness and lethargy that my enemies are seeking.

Nietzsche’s Letters, translated by Majid Houshangi from Jami Publications, is a selection of Friedrich Nietzsche’s private correspondence, published in Germany in a five-volume collection between 1909 and 1900. Today, around the world, private letters are one of the most important complementary features to a person’s literary image that reveals his or her sincere behavior and the familiar aspect of the author’s mind and personality.

The special and extraordinary value of Nietzsche’s private correspondence is that we have a writer here with the most contradictory aspects, a prophet with almost superhuman revelation and inspiration, an ascetic living in a desert of icebergs that can be said to have descended into inhabited valleys, to a familiar plain. , Where he takes on a human form and a human language, where he displays a human heart and a human sympathy.
One who still doubts that behind Nietzsche’s sharp criticisms of his time, there was a burning love for humanity and a desire to advance it to a more glorious and believing destiny; One who still looks down on a thinker whose thoughts have been thrown out of an active volcano as warmly and untimely as stones and lava from fire;

All skeptics and all of Nietzsche’s enemies will be interested to see another Nietzsche in his letters, a Nietzsche who is a good friend, a devoted son, a kind brother, and a benevolent enemy to whom the literary history of the world, with all its claims and envies, has long been a good friend. In the face of such he has not.
Nietzsche’s friends – Lutheran Pastor Colossus – Many friends from all lands and of all races – will be happy to see their hero in the light of their dreams and imaginations, while Nietzsche’s enemies are limited to confessing what he confessed in the life of the philosopher Spinoza: “He was neither a proponent of pure orthodoxy nor an atheist, but he was wise and good at advancing his life.”

Excerpts from Nietzsche:
Nietzsche to Baron Carl von Gersdorf
End of January 1867, Leipzig.
my dear friend,

In early January in Naumburg, I was standing next to the deathbed of a close relative. Along with my mother and sister, this dear lady was very much loved and respected by me. He has always been very interested in my job and with him I seem to have lost a whole piece of my past, especially my childhood.

However, my deaf and distressed dear friend, when I received your letter, I was deeply saddened. The difference between the two deaths seems huge. There in Naumburg, the life of the lady who was full of good deeds finally came to an end, and despite her unfavorable circumstances, she realized at least old age.

We all felt that the power of his mind and body was exhausted, and because we loved him, we felt that his death was soon embraced.
But what we lost with the death of your brother, and I respected and valued them!
We lost one of the noble gems of Rome that Rome could be so proud of at its peak. Someone you, as a brother, can be most proud of.

Why do our miserable times seldom create such heroic characters? But you know what the ancients believed about this: Those whom the gods love die in youth.

How strange that such power could be achieved! As a model of self-confidence and glorious endeavor, as an example of a determined, true character with no interest in the world and its ideas, what power and comfort could be gained for the thousands caught in the untamed vortex of life?

I know very well that this privilege has a deeper meaning for you, because, as you often told me in the past, he made you the ideal you dreamed of, a steady star guiding you through all the highways and back alleys of life. His death was undoubtedly the greatest blow you have ever received!
Now, my dear old friend, as I have learned from the tone of your hair, you have understood from your bitter experiences why our Schopenhauer saw suffering as the best way to deny the will to a glorious destiny. You have also experienced pain; Destructive force, calming and invigorating from within.

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