Dostoevsky (1821-1881) : a new biography


Title: Dostoevsky (1821-1881) : a new biography

Author: Edward Helt Kar

Translator: Khashayar Dihami

Publisher: Neu

Subject: Criticism and Interpretation; Russian storytellers – autobiography

Age category: Adult

Number of pages: 408

Language: Farsi



The book Dostoevsky (1821-1881) : a new biography is the work of Edward Heltcarr, a British historian, diplomat, journalist, and international relations theorist best known for writing a fourteen-volume collection on Soviet history.

Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith is written in four main sections:

Book One: Years of Growth
Book Two: Years of excitement and boiling
B Three: The Years of Creation
B Four: The years of camaraderie

The reader of the book, from the very beginning, when a child reads Dostoevsky, realizes that Dostoevsky himself was not an ordinary person like the characters in his books.

Dostoevsky’s biography is so tragic that while reading the book, I constantly praised and thanked him for creating such novels. Certainly no one doubts the masterpiece of Dostoevsky’s great novels, but if you read this book and become aware of the details of Dostoevsky’s life and the circumstances in which he created these works, you will be doubly surprised.

In my opinion, it is only after reading Dostoevsky’s biography that you can deeply understand Raskelnikov’s behavior in crime and retribution. Or understand Prince Mishkin’s descriptions of death and life in idiots. And the same is true of Dostoevsky’s other works. I believe that this book, written with a critical and exploratory view of Dostoevsky’s life, is an important and necessary book for understanding Dostoevsky and his works.
Edward Helt Kar has taken a close look at the events and circumstances in which Dostoevsky created his work, and finally offers a good critique of his great novels Crime and Punishment – The Stupid – The Exorcists – The Raw Young and the Karamazov Brothers.

It is after reading this book that you realize how Dostoevsky’s ups and downs’s life entered his novels. There are different ways to deal with this good book. The first case is that you have read Dostoevsky’s works and then go to this book. The second case is that you read this book and then go to Dostoevsky’s novels.

Dostoevsky (1821-1881) : a new biography

Dostoevsky’s book summary: The Controversy of Doubt and Faith
The Book of Controversy is about the unfortunate events of Dostoevsky’s life, such as how his father was killed by peasants, or his own tragedies before and after his exile in Siberia. Epilepsy, gambling, poverty and debts. First published in 1931, this book follows Dostoevsky’s focused growth and development and its causes. From his hard and solitary childhood to his first appearance as a literary effervescent. During the years of suffering, until his maturity, until he became an artist and finally as a Russian patriot.

About the Author of Dostoevsky: The Controversy of Doubt and Faith
Edward Holt Kar or E. اچ. Carr (June 28, 1892 – November 3, 1982) was a British historian, diplomat, journalist, and international relations theorist, and an opponent of empiricism in historiography. What are his writings on international relations, including the 20-year crisis, and his history book? Is known.

About the translator of Dostoevsky: The Controversy of Doubt and Faith

Khashayar Deihimi is a translator and editor of philosophical works. He has translated 120 titles and edited more than 90 books. Among his translations, we can mention the collection of books of the Pen Generation, Western philosophy, the notes of a madman and a dialectic alone. Khashayar Deihimi was born in 1334 in Tabriz. He himself says that he has been interested in books since he was a child and has even learned to read and write before going to school. He has a degree in chemical engineering.

In 1979, he collaborated with the movement movement owned by Ali Asghar Haj Seyed Javadi. Deihimi worked for the Islamic Revolution Publishing House in 1986 and was responsible for editing the book “History of Civilization”. After that, he collaborated with Mohammad Taghi Banki and Ali Mirzaei as the secretary of the Writers’ Council in publishing Negah No. Although he resigned as the secretary of the Writers’ Council after 5 issues due to a dispute with a bank, he continued to collaborate with New Look by writing and translating. Deihimi also has a teaching background at the New Event Institute and the Question Institute. The collection “Experience and Art of Living” is being translated by Goman Publishing under the supervision of this translator.

Excerpt from Dostoevsky: The Controversy of Doubt and Faith

Dostoevsky can not pass by and only comment. The number of his fictional characters, or at least the ones we remember, is very small compared to the volume of his works. But instead, each of these characters is developed in the imagination as if the author has spent a life in isolation, contemplating his soul and psyche. The astonishing depth of his vision perfectly compensates for the narrowness of his field of vision, and even more so. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 15)

For five years I lived under the watch of the guards and among the crowds, and I was never alone for an hour. Loneliness is one of the necessities of normal life, such as drinking and eating; Otherwise, in this forced cohabitation, one will hate human beings. People are like poison or infection, and I have suffered from this unbearable torment more than anything else during these four years. There have been moments when I have felt disgust with anyone who has passed by, guilty or innocent, and I have looked at them as thieves who rob me of my life without being punished. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 71)

Prison broke all the moral standards that Dostoevsky knew (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 82)
Dostoevsky was thirty-three years old when the blacksmith of the prison chains broke his leg to enter the world of free human beings again; But it was a world that had changed forever because of the period he had gone through (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 83).

He later wrote in a letter that the idea of ​​writing crime and retribution came to him when he had lost everything at the roulette table. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 172)

In August 1875, while Dostoevsky was still writing raw, Anna gave birth to her last child, a boy. This boy was named Alyosha. Among their children, Alyosha was the only child to inherit her father’s illness, and died of epilepsy at the age of three. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 322)

The fame that Dostoevsky had gained in the last years of his life had created new troubles and responsibilities for him. He was regularly invited to read his work to help various charities, and despite his nervous mood, all the testimonies, many of which are numerous, indicate that Dostoevsky was very good at reading.

One listener likened his voice to a “flow of molten lava.”

His admirers, who were mostly women and students, constantly disturbed his privacy with frequent visits, some making requests, some asking for guidance, and others coming to see their idol and what he had done for them. It was very important to express gratitude and appreciation. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 366)
There was no record in Russia that the death of a writer became an important event for everyone. No Russian writer had been so popular since Pushkin, and at the time of Pushkin’s death the authorities had not allowed open mourning and had forcibly agreed to a secret funeral. But now the situation was different. Pushkin’s writings marked the beginning of the heyday of nineteenth-century Russian literature and the end of Dostoevsky’s death. The poets of his generation, Tyutchev and Nekrasov, had died before him; Turgenev was old and worn out and did not write anything valuable; Tolstoy had turned his back on his art and was writing moral and aesthetic treatises. Russia was on the verge of a new era with dwarf humans and shaky beliefs. The new age was clearly the age of transition. (Dostoevsky The Controversy of Doubt and Faith – Page 381)


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