A room of one’s own


Title: A room of one’s own

Author: Virginia Woolf

Translator: Hoda Taheri

Publisher: Nik Farjam

Subject: Women in Art / Women English Writers / Women Writers

Age category: All ages

Number of pages: 160

Language: Farsi



A Room of One’s Own is one of the most famous books by Virginia Woolf, an English author, published in 1929 at the age of 47. In addition to the importance of writing style, this book introduced unique features in essay prose, and many consider this book to shape the feminist theoretical current, and in particular feminist literary criticism.

The issue of women’s deprivation existed before Virginia Woolf. But it can be said that Wolf is the first to study and analyze this issue. “The Second Sex” by Simone de Beauvoir was also published with a close approach to the book shortly after it was published in a room of its own.

A room of its own; The Story of Women’s Deprivation
Wolf wrote the book after lectures on “Women and Stories” at Newham College and Garten College in the winter of the late 1920s, and after writing an article of the same name in the literary magazine Forum in New York. A room of it was published a year after the lectures.

Wolf was ill at the time and thought of writing this book when he was sick. Virginia Diary shows that she wanted to start writing The Waves, but the idea of ​​writing a roommate did not give up and she decided to write the book in the style of “half dialogue and half dialogue”.
Wolf writes in his diary about writing this book: “I wrote so fast that when I held a pen, I was like a blue bottle that was upside down. I wrote as fast as I could; Too fast. “Now I have to work hard to correct those writings, but this method gives one the freedom to act and allows one to think from one thought to another.”

Sentences from the book Room of Its Own
A woman who wants to write a story must have her own money and room; And this, as you will see, will leave the great dilemma of the true nature of woman and the true nature of the story unsolved. (A room book of its own – page 24)

Why did men drink wine and women drink water? Why was one gender so rich and the other so poor? What effect does poverty have on the story? What conditions are required to create works of art? A thousand questions come to my mind together. (A room book of its own – page 51)
It is in our futility and in our dreams that the hidden truth is sometimes revealed. (A room book of its own – page 59)

It is impossible to imagine a woman in Shakespeare’s time having Shakespeare’s genius. Because there is no genius like Shakespeare’s genius among the workers and the illiterate and the servants. This genius did not arise in England among the Saxons and Britons. This genius does not exist among the working classes today. How, then, could it have arisen among women who, according to Professor Trolian, began their careers before the end of adolescence and were forced by their parents to comply with the rule of law and social tradition? (A room book of its own – page 80)

Literature is full of shredded corpses of men who cared too much about the opinions of others. (A room book of its own – page 89)
Masterpieces are not born alone; The result of years of public thinking is the group thinking of the people; Thus the experience of the masses supports a single voice. (A room book of its own – page 101)

No one could have raised the issue simpler than this. “The poor poet has not had the slightest chance these days, nor in the last two hundred years; the hope of liberation and the intellectual independence in which great works emerge is only slightly greater for a poor child in England than for the son of an Athenian slave.” That’s the problem.

Intellectual independence depends on material factors. Poetry depends on intellectual independence, and women have always been poor, not only in the last two hundred years, but since the beginning of history. Women had less intellectual independence than the sons of Athenian slaves. So women did not have the slightest chance to write poetry. That’s why I put so much emphasis on money and a room of my own. (A room book of its own – page 152)
I urge you to write all kinds of books, and do not hesitate on any subject, no matter how trivial or trivial or important. Hopefully, anyway, make enough money to travel and see the world, reflect on the future or the past of the world, fantasize about books, and wander the streets and let the fishing line of your mind go deep into the river. Because I do not limit you to the story in any way. (A room book of its own – page 153)

I believe that if we live another century – I mean ordinary life, that is, real life, not small, separate individual lives – and each earn پ 500 a year and have a room of our own; If we have the freedom and courage to write whatever we think; If we escape a little from the public living room and see human beings not only in relation to each other but also in relation to reality;
As well as the sky and the trees or whatever it is; If we can look beyond Milton Lollipop, because no human being can ignore this scene; If we face reality, because the reality is that there is no one to rely on and we are alone and dealing with the real world, not just the world of men and women, then the necessary opportunity will be provided and the dead poet, sister Shakespeare will occupy the mold he has emptied many times. And like his brother, he is born and born from the lives of anonymous poets who were his pioneers. (A room book of its own – page 159)

Virginia Woolf; Author and women’s rights activist
Virginia Woolf is one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. The author, publisher and women’s rights activist who went through two world wars during her turbulent life and decided to end her life with stones in her pockets.

Wolfe, full name Adeline Virginia Woolf, was born on January 25, 1882 in London. His father was a prominent literary critic and philosopher. His mother was a handsome woman who performed in the house of busy literary circles. Virginia Woolf, however, inherited her writing taste from her father, and it was her father who aroused an interest in literature in young Virginia and, by encouraging her to study the world’s great literary works, had a profound effect on her literary interests.

The author’s life is deeply affected by the untimely death of his mother; Because of this lack of nervousness, he began to have occasional depressive illnesses that affected his life.
Wolf had two brothers, whom his father sent to Cambridge University to continue his education. But because of the gender discrimination that existed at the time, Wolff was denied this opportunity and trained at home with the help of private tutors. The discrimination he witnessed and later lamented in many articles that women could not go to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge like men.

Wolf’s second trauma during his lifetime was the death of his father. After this incident, Wolff suffered another nervous breakdown, and it was during this period that he attempted suicide for the first time. Although the loss of a father was very heavy for him, he says in some of his articles: “If my father had not died at the beginning of my youth, I could never have become a writer.”
Wolff became independent after his father’s death, traveling and writing in literary and intellectual circles. Studying the works of Marcel Proust and Henry James was very influential in his writing style. Virginia Woolf was an influential member of the British Writers, Intellectuals, Artists and Philosophers during World War I and World War II.

In 1912, Wolfe married her brother’s old friend Leonard Wolfe. They later founded Hookarth Publishing and published works by authors such as Catherine Mansfield and TS Elliott. Interestingly, these two writers were very anonymous at the time, but Wolfe always welcomed the trust of talented young people. His intellectual taste and literary talent were more important to him than his name, position and wealth.

Works and writing style of Virginia Woolf
“Journey Out” is the name of this author’s first book. Virginia wrote this book inspired by her personal life and that of those around her, and changed parts of it. Wolf’s most important works include his book Room, Day and Night, Mrs. Dalloway, Towards the Lighthouse, Orlando, The Flash, Years, and Between Two Screens. .

In his writing, he used the fluid style of the mind and critically described the inner realities of human beings. Virginia Woolf gave new life to novel writing and opened new doors to the world of literature.
For this reason, many literary critics believe that there are undoubtedly a large number of writers who were influenced by Wolf’s writing style. Today, his books are taught in prestigious universities around the world, both in terms of content and writing style. In addition, Wolf’s feminist ideas about equality between men and women in marriage, education, and employment were instrumental in women’s rights activists.

She and Simone de Beauvoir were two writers who played an important role in advancing feminist activities around the world by publishing their theories of equality.
Wolff, who had lost many of his entourage during World Wars I and II, was frustrated by the recovery from his depression and, seeing that he would not ruin his wife’s life any longer, finished The Between the Scenes and From there, with stones in his pockets, he went to the Oz River and ended his life.

In 2002, a film called “Hours” was made based on the story of three women. The story of this film shows a parallel day in the life of three women at different times. “Nicole Kidman” as Virginia Woolf writing “Mrs. Dalloway”, “Laura Brown” as “Julien Moore” who sings this years later, and “Clarissa Wagan” as “Meryl Streep” who wants Have a party like Mrs. Dalloway.

Translation of a room of its own
Niloufar Publications, under the management of Mohammad Karimi Zanjani, has been publishing the works of the greats of Iranian and world literature in its cultural record for decades. With a long history in the field of publishing and culture, these publications have published important books by Simin Daneshvar, Jalal Al-Ahmad, Abolhassan Najafi and many other authors.

“Safoura Nourbakhsh”, a translator and social activist, spoke at the “Literature from the Perspective of Women” conference in 2002, which was invited by the Women’s Studies Group of the Iranian Sociological Association.
Following the publication of this lecture in the first issue of the Samarkand Quarterly, which was devoted to Virginia Woolf, and the offer of “Accurate Gospel” to translate the book “Room”, he decided to translate this work. In the introduction of the book, he mentions “Farzaneh Farahzad” as his teacher and support, and especially appreciates the “accurate news” for his editing and support.

A room of it was translated by Safoura Nourbakhsh and published by Niloufar Publications in 2004. Another translation of this book was published in 2012 with the same title by Roozgar No Publications and translated by Masoumeh Mehrshadi. In addition to these translators, Hoda Taheri and Masoumeh Mehrshadi have also translated Wolf’s work into Persian.

In part of “A Room of Itself” we read:
Should we blame the war? In August 1914, when the cannons were fired, did men and women easily read in each other’s faces that love and affection had been destroyed? Seeing the faces of our leaders in the light of fire (especially for women with dreams and fantasies about education and so on) has undoubtedly been a shocking blow. How ugly, how stupid these leaders – German, English, French – looked.

But whatever or whoever is to blame, the idea that inspired Tennyson and Christina Rosetti to write poetry about their beloved with so much passion is far rarer today than it was then. It is enough to read, look, listen, remember.
But why look for the culprit? If it was a delusion, why not glorify that catastrophe, whatever it was, a catastrophe that destroyed that delusion and replaced it with truth? Because the truth … these points represent the place where, in search of the truth, I turned the corner to Farnham. Yes, of course, I asked myself what was the truth and what was the fantasy.

Introducing a room book of its own
Room is one of Virginia Woolf’s most famous books, which has a special literary prose, and in addition to the importance of its writing style, this book has introduced the features of modernist prose in essay writing and has created a new style.

A Room Of One’s Own’s book marks the beginning of a highly revolutionary current of thought called feminist critique. The main framework of feminist critique owes much to Wolf and his room, and on the other hand, with the formation of feminist critique, the author’s thinking and reasoning also fall into the category of critique.
In this book, Virginia Woolf becomes the first person narrator to search for the author of her article, and in the process reveals facts about women writing, women’s position, and their current task of proving themselves and reaching their original position. It offers an attractive and captivating style, so that the non-professional reader does not get bored, and criticizes the patriarchal society as well as offers a solution with a pleasant humor.

Adeline Virginia Woolf was an English novelist, essayist, publisher, critic, and feminist who wrote such landmark works as Mrs. Dalloway 1925 Towards the Lighthouse 1927 and a room of her own in 1929.
Virginia Woolf is the author of experimental novels that seek to explain the inner realities of man. has taken

He also addresses the issue of equality between women and men in marriage, and in his novel Towards the Lighthouse, he creatively addresses the inequality in his parents’ marriage. Critics believe that the characters in the novel are based on his own parents.
Throughout history, some books have changed the world and changed the way we look at ourselves and others. They have inspired debates, differences of opinion, wars and revolutions. They have built or ruined many lives. Now New Age Publishing has provided you with the work of great thinkers, pioneers, reformers and astrologers. Ideas that shook civilization and helped us to be who we are now. (Great ideas)

In a part of the book, you read about a room:
The story must be close to the facts, and the more true the facts, the better the stories will be, that is what we have been told. Well, it was autumn, and the leaves were still yellow, and they were falling from the trees, “just a little faster than before,” because it was now night (exactly seven-twenty-three minutes) and there was a gentle breeze (just southwest). But, after all, there was something strange about it.

Introducing Virginia Woolf’s own room book
The Room Book itself is a long and influential essay by Virginia Woolf. This article, first published as a book on October 24, 1929, is based on Virginia Woolf’s lectures at Newham and Gritton Women’s Colleges at the University of Cambridge.

In this streamlined article, Virginia Woolf addresses the limitations of being a woman in the early twentieth century. In astonishing prose and influential poetry, Wolfe speaks of women being deprived of their freedoms, lack of income, and an independent place that she believes has prevented most women from developing their literary talents properly.
A room of its own, which has maintained its relevance and influence from the very first days of its publication, is among the top and most valuable literary works in the world and offers a comprehensive and complete analysis of women and their place in today’s world.

book introduction
“A Room of Its Own” is one of Virginia Woolf’s most famous books, which has a special literary prose, and in addition to the importance of its writing style, this book has introduced the features of modernist prose in essay writing and has created a new style.

The book describes a room of its own as the beginning of a very revolutionary current of thought called feminist critique. The main framework of feminist critique owes much to Wolf and a room of its own. Placed.
In this book, Wolfe becomes the first person narrator to search for the writing of his article, in the midst of which he writes facts about women, their position, and their current task of proving themselves in reaching their original position in an engaging way. And Gira, in a way that does not bore the unprofessional reader, provides the audience with a humorous critique of the patriarchal society and also offers a solution.

About Virginia Woolf
Adeline Virginia Woolf was an English novelist, essayist, publisher, critic, and feminist who wrote such highlights as Mrs. Dalloway (1925), Towards the Lighthouse (1927), and A Room of Her Own (1929). Is. Virginia Woolf has profoundly influenced most of the writers who wrote novels after her. As an essayist and critic, she has written influential articles and critiques on the fate of women artists and those who have suffered from time constraints.
Born in London, Virginia Woolf was the third child, among her parents’ two sons and two daughters. His father, Leslie Stephen, was a well-known Victorian critic, biographer, and researcher; Lacy Stephen’s magnificent library was home to Virginia’s literary taste.

Virginia lost her mother as a child, the sudden loss of her mother at the age of thirteen and the subsequent death of her half-sister two years later led to the first stroke of Virginia Woolf.
However, between 1897 and 1901, she succeeded in teaching (sometimes up to a degree) in Greek, Latin, German, and history at the Royal College of Women in London, where she became acquainted with some of the pioneers of women’s education, such as Clara Peter. Provided by George Ware and Lillian Fitfall.
Virginia experienced new independence after the death of her father at the age of 22 (1904), after being freed from the domination of her half-brother George Ducourt. Holding friendly discussion sessions with his sister Vanessa, and his brother Toby and their friends was a new and intellectual experience for them.

In these sessions, it was not the status and gender of the people that mattered, but their ability to think and reason. In addition, Virginia traveled and gained experience with her siblings. Virginia’s financial independence at a young age and before she became famous, through the brief inheritance of her father, the inheritance of her brother, Toby, who died of tuberculosis in 1906, and the inheritance of her aunt, Caroline Emilia Steven (mentioned in her book Room). Was obtained.

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